Map Exam 4
Card Set Information
Map Exam 4
Model of African Capitalism?
Economic boom of 1960s
: cocoa, timber, coffee, and palm oil.
Africa’s model of capitalism
The Geopolitics of Oil and Ethnic Strife.
Once assumed to be the cradle of democracy is now in political turmoil, ethnoregionalism, and economic mismanagement
Factors of decline
: geopolitics of oil, deep-seated ethnic divisions, the excesses of military rule, greed, corruption, and mismangement.
Possesses the largest deposits of natural gas in Africa
The Democratic Republic of Congo
Development Potential Gone Awry
Endowed with abundant natural resources but has not lived up to its development potential.
Most important factor accounting for poor economic performance was dictatorship.
Model of African Socialism
Ujamaa policy was instituted to promote self-help, self-esteem, and local initiative along family, communal, and cooperative lines.
Achieved some measure of social equality in health care and education but nationalized industries slowed production down.
Model of African Socialism?
Government funtions as a federal parliamentary republic with devolved powers to regional, ethnic-based authorities.
A reform program was instituted to bring all rural and urban land under government control.
The Challenge of Land Reform and Industrial Transformation
Land Reform and Resettlement Program
: to acquire land from large-scale commercial farmers for distribution to landless people.
Fast Track Program
Boasts a fairly large and diversified industrial sector that accounts for 30% of its economic output.
Transition of a Settler Colony
One of the most productive agricultural zones
Went to war, won, started getting land and political authority.
World's 2nd largest exporter of tea
Rwanda and Burundi
Recovering from Ethnic Genocide
Hutu and Tutsi --> Belgians hated them. Made them turn on each other.
Belgium was just bad news bears.
Gacaca court system
: to promote unity, restore social harmony and exepdite trials.
Recovering from Conflict
Long history of colonial exploitation and civil strife, until recently.
: MPLA, FNLA, and UNITA