Does a plaintiff asserting claims of others who are not before the court have STANDING?
Generally, no. However, there are three EXCEPTIONS:
1. There is a CLOSE RELATOINSHIP between the plaintiff and the injured third party (plaintiff can be trusted to ADEQUATELY REPRESENT the interests of the third party) (e.g., doctor-patient).
2. Injured third party is unlikely to be able to assert his or her own rights (prospective jurors).
3. An organization may sue for its members if: (a) the MEMBERS would have standing to sue; (b) the interests are GERMAINE to the organization's purpose; and (c) neither the claim nor relief requires participation of individual members.