Theoretical Framework

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  1. positivism
    • Enlightenment - Saint-Simon, Laplace, Comte
    • Vienna - early 20th c. - logical positivism
    • based on sense, experience, and postitive verification. Everything can be explained and predicted
    • everything can be proven empirically
  2. postpositivism
    • critiques and amends positivism
    • not based on unchallengeable foundations, but on human conjectures
    • NOT relativism
    • objective truth
  3. falsificationism
    • Karl Popper
    • it is impossible to verify if a belief is true
  4. critical theory
    • critiques society and culture
    • from a sociological standpoint, critical theory seeks to change society as a whole through explanations of the limitations of our fundamental concepts in our knowledge system.
  5. constructivism
    knowledge is constructed by the learner, an active organism seeking meaning
  6. rationalism
    • some ideas or concepts are independent of experience and some truth is known by reason alone (a priori knowledge-not dependent on experience; true by definition: a black cat is black)
    • reason is the starting point for all knowledge
    • "innate knowledge"
  7. empiricism
    • some ideas or concepts are independent of experience and truth must be established by reference to experience alone.
    • sense experience
    • (a posteriori - dependent on experience - "desks are brown"=not always true)
    • "Black cats are black" is a tautologous statement
  8. pragmatism
    • links practice and theory
    • intelligent practice
    • John Dewey
  9. phenomenology
    • conscious experience
    • Husserl
    • structures of consciousness, phenomena in acts of consciousness
  10. noesis and noema
    • every act has a noesis: gives meaning or sense to an intentional act
    • and a noema: object of the act
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Theoretical Framework

terms for theoretical framework
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