The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words?
We the People
4. What is an amendment?
▪ a change (to the Constitution)
▪ an addition (to the Constitution)
What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?
the Bill of Rights
6. What is one right or freedom from the First Amendment?*
▪ speech▪ religion▪ assembly▪ press▪ petition the government
How many amendments does the Constitution have?
▪ twenty-seven (27)
What did the Declaration of Independence do?
▪ announced our independence (from Great Britain)▪ declared our independence (from Great Britain)▪ said that the United States is free (from Great Britain)
What are two rights in the Declaration of Independence?
life▪ liberty▪ pursuit of happiness
What is freedom of religion?
▪ You can practice any religion, or not practice a religion.
What is the economic system in the United States?*
capitalist economy▪ market economy
What is the “rule of law”?
▪ Everyone must follow the law.▪ Leaders must obey the law.▪ Government must obey the law.▪ No one is above the law.
Name one branch or part of the government.*
▪ Congress▪ legislative▪ President▪ executive▪ the courts▪ judicial
What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?
▪ checks and balances▪ separation of powers
Who is in charge of the executive branch?
▪ the President
Who makes federal laws?
▪ Congress▪ Senate and House (of Representatives)▪ (U.S. or national) legislature
What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?*
the Senate and House (of Representatives)
How many U.S. Senators are there?
▪ one hundred (100)
We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?
▪ six (6)
Who is one of your state’s U.S. Senators now?*
The House of Representatives has how many voting members?
four hundred thirty-five (435)
We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?
▪ two (2)
Name your U.S. Representative.
Who does a U.S. Senator represent?
all people of the state
Why do some states have more Representatives than other states?
▪ (because of) the state’s population▪ (because) they have more people▪ (because) some states have more people
We elect a President for how many years?
▪ four (4)
In what month do we vote for President?*
28. What is the name of the President of the United States now?*
▪ Barack Obama▪ Obama
What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now?
▪ Joseph R. Biden, Jr.▪ Joe Biden▪ Biden
If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?
▪ the Vice President
If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President?
▪ the Speaker of the House
Who is the Commander in Chief of the military?
▪ the President
Who signs bills to become laws?
▪ the President
Who vetoes bills?
▪ the President
What does the President’s Cabinet do?
▪ advises the President
What are two Cabinet-level positions?
▪ Secretary of Agriculture▪ Secretary of Commerce▪ Secretary of Defense▪ Secretary of Education▪ Secretary of Energy▪ Secretary of Health and Human Services▪ Secretary of Homeland Security▪ Secretary of Housing and Urban Development▪ Secretary of the Interior▪ Secretary of Labor▪ Secretary of State▪ Secretary of Transportation▪ Secretary of the Treasury▪ Secretary of Veterans Affairs▪ Attorney General▪ Vice President
What does the judicial branch do?
reviews laws▪ explains laws▪ resolves disputes (disagreements)▪ decides if a law goes against the Constitution
What is the highest court in the United States?
▪ the Supreme Court
How many justices are on the Supreme Court?
▪ nine (9)
Who is the Chief Justice of the United States now?
▪ John Roberts (John G. Roberts, Jr.)
Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is one power of the federalgovernment?
▪ to print money▪ to declare war▪ to create an army▪ to make treaties
Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is one power of the states?
provide schooling and education▪ provide protection (police)▪ provide safety (fire departments)▪ give a driver’s license▪ approve zoning and land use
Who is the Governor of your state now?
What is the capital of your state?*
What are the two major political parties in the United States?*
democratic and republican
What is the political party of the President now?
What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?
▪ (John) Boehner
There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them.
Citizens eighteen (18) and older (can vote).▪ You don’t have to pay (a poll tax) to vote.▪ Any citizen can vote. (Women and men can vote.)▪ A male citizen of any race (can vote).
What is one responsibility that is only for United States citizens?*
▪ serve on a jury▪ vote in a federal election
Name one right only for United States citizens.
▪ vote in a federal election▪ run for federal office
What are two rights of everyone living in the United States?
▪ freedom of expression▪ freedom of speech▪ freedom of assembly▪ freedom to petition the government▪ freedom of worship▪ the right to bear arms
What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance?
▪ the United States▪ the flag
What is one promise you make when you become a United States citizen?
▪ give up loyalty to other countries▪ defend the Constitution and laws of the United States▪ obey the laws of the United States▪ serve in the U.S. military (if needed)▪ serve (do important work for) the nation (if needed)▪ be loyal to the United States
How old do citizens have to be to vote for President?*
eighteen (18) and older
What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy?
▪ vote▪ join a political party▪ help with a campaign▪ join a civic group▪ join a community group▪ give an elected official your opinion on an issue▪ call Senators and Representatives▪ publicly support or oppose an issue or policy▪ run for office▪ write to a newspaper
56. When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?*
▪ April 15
When must all men register for the Selective Service?
▪ at age eighteen (18)▪ between eighteen (18) and twenty-six (26)
What is one reason colonists came to America?
▪ freedom▪ political liberty▪ religious freedom▪ economic opportunity▪ practice their religion▪ escape persecution
Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?
American Indians▪ Native Americans
What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?
Africans▪ people from Africa
Why did the colonists fight the British?
▪ because of high taxes (taxation without representation)▪ because the British army stayed in their houses (boarding, quartering)▪ because they didn’t have self-government
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
▪ (Thomas) Jefferson
When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?
▪ July 4, 1776
There were 13 original states. Name three.
▪ New Hampshire▪ Massachusetts▪ Rhode Island▪ Connecticut▪ New York▪ New Jersey▪ Pennsylvania▪ Delaware▪ Maryland▪ Virginia▪ North Carolina▪ South Carolina▪ Georgia
What happened at the Constitutional Convention?
▪ The Constitution was written.▪ The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution.
When was the Constitution written?
The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name one of the writers.
▪ (James) Madison▪ (Alexander) Hamilton▪ (John) Jay▪ Publius
What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for?
▪ U.S. diplomat▪ oldest member of the Constitutional Convention▪ first Postmaster General of the United States▪ writer of “Poor Richard’s Almanac”▪ started the first free libraries
Who is the “Father of Our Country”?
▪ (George) Washington
Who was the first President?*
▪ (George) Washington
What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?
▪ the Louisiana Territory▪ Louisiana
Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s.
▪ War of 1812▪ Mexican-American War▪ Civil War▪ Spanish-American War
Name the U.S. war between the North and the South.
▪ the Civil War▪ the War between the States
Name one problem that led to the Civil War.
▪ slavery▪ economic reasons▪ states’ rights
What was one important thing that Abraham Lincoln did?*
freed the slaves (Emancipation Proclamation)▪ saved (or preserved) the Union▪ led the United States during the Civil War
What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?
▪ freed the slaves▪ freed slaves in the Confederacy▪ freed slaves in the Confederate states▪ freed slaves in most Southern states
77. What did Susan B. Anthony do?
▪ fought for women’s rights▪ fought for civil rights
Name one war fought by the United States in the 1900s.*
▪ World War I▪ World War II▪ Korean War▪ Vietnam War▪ (Persian) Gulf War
Who was President during World War I?
▪ (Woodrow) Wilson
Who was President during the Great Depression and World War II?
Who did the United States fight in World War II?
▪ Japan, Germany, and Italy
Before he was President, Eisenhower was a general. What war was he in?
▪ World War II
During the Cold War, what was the main concern of the United States?
What movement tried to end racial discrimination?
▪ civil rights (movement)
What did Martin Luther King, Jr. do?*
fought for civil rights▪ worked for equality for all Americans
What major event happened on September 11, 2001, in the United States?
▪ Terrorists attacked the United States.
Name one American Indian tribe in the United States.