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Where does swiftwater rank according to deadliness to public safety functions?
What are the acceptable classes of PFD and flotation weight for swiftwater rescue?
Type III/IV with 22 lbs flotation.
What are the PPE necessary for swiftwater?
PFD, helmets with draininage, wet or dry suit, blunt knife, booties, throw bag, strobe light, gloves, whistle
What is the role of the first responder at a swiftwater scene?
Secure the RP, determine number of victims, request addt'l resources, identify hazards, secure scene, conduct safe shore technical ops
How are river directions communicated?
Always face down stream, refer to river left or river right, and up or down river.
How long can a person work/remain conscious in 40 degree water?
How long can a person work/ stay conscious in 50 degree water?
How long can a person work/ stay conscious in 60 degree water
What defines Class I water rapid?
moving water, small wave
What defines Class II water rapid?
3 foot waves, large channel, no scouting required
What defines Class III water rapid?
High rapids, irregular waves, narrow passages, may need scouts
What defines Class IV water rapid?
Long difficult rapids, turbulent water, scouting required
What defines Class V water rapid?
Long violent rapids, portage and scout req'd
What defines Class VI water rapid?
Experts only, virtually impossible to navigate
How is swiftwater volume measured and what is the formula?
- Cubic Ft/sec
- CFS = depth x width x water velocity
What are the whistle commands for swiftwater?
- Stop: 1 blast
- Start upstream: 2 blast
- Start downstream: 3 blast
- Emergency: 3 long blast
What is the swiftwater flow chart for addressing a victim in the water?
- Always OK to say NO