Chapter 11 Special Senses: The Eyes and Ears

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Chapter 11 Special Senses: The Eyes and Ears
2011-07-15 14:44:59
Introduction Medical Terminology

Chapter 11 Special Senses: The Eyes and Ears
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  1. Opt/i, Opt/o, optic/o, ophthalm/o
    means eyes or vision
  2. lacrim/o, dacry/o
    means lacrimal apparatus
  3. ir/i, Ir/o, Irid/o, Irit/o
    means iris
  4. phac/o
    means lens
  5. retin/o
    means retina
  6. acous/o
    means hearing or sound
  7. acout/o, audi/o, audit/o, ot/o
    means ears
  8. pinn/i
    means outer ear
  9. myring/o, tympan/o
    means middle ear
  10. labyrinth/o
    means inner ear
  11. audi
    means hearing
  12. blephar/o
    means eyelid
  13. -cusis
    means hearing
  14. dacryocyst/o
    means lacrimal sac (tear sac)
  15. extra-
    means on the outside
  16. kerat/o
    means horny, hard, cornea
  17. -metrist
    means one who measures
  18. -metry
    means to measure
  19. -opia
    means vision condition
  20. ot/o
    means ear
  21. presby/o
    means old age
  22. pseud/o
    means false
  23. scler/o
    means sclera, white of eye, hard
  24. trop/o
    means turn, change
  25. accommodation
    the process whereby the eyes make adjustments for seeing objects at various distances
  26. adnexa

    aka: adnexa oculi
    of the eyes, include the orbit, eye muscles, eyelids, eyelashes, conjunctiva, and lacrimal apparatus
  27. amblyopia
    dimness of vision or the partial loss of sight without detectable disease of the eye
  28. ametropia
    an error of refraction in which only objects located a finite distance from the eye are focused on the retina
  29. anisocoria
    a condition in which the pupils are unequal in size
  30. astigmatism
    a condition in which the eye does not focus properly because of unequal curvatures of the cornea
  31. audiologist
    specializes in the measurement of hearing function and the rehabilitation of persons with hearing impairments
  32. blepharoptosis
    drooping of the upper eyelid
  33. cataract
    loss of transparency of the lens of the eye
  34. chalazion
    a localized swelling of the eyelid resulting from obstruction of one of the oil-producing glands of the eyelid
  35. conjunctivitis

    aka: pink eye
    inflammation of the conjunctiva
  36. conjunctivosplasty
    surgical repair of the conjunctiva
  37. convergence
    the simultaneous inward movement of both eyes in an effort to maintain single binocular vision as an object comes nearer
  38. dacryocystitis
    an inflammation of the lacrimal sac that is associated with faulty tear drainage
  39. diplopia

    aka: double vision
    the perception of two images of a single object
  40. ectropion
    the turning outward of the edge of the eyelid
  41. emmetropia
    the normal relationship between the refractive power of the eye and the shape of the eye that enables light rays to focus correctly on the retina
  42. entropion
    the turning inward of the edge of the eyelid
  43. esotropia

    aka: cross-eyes
    strabismus characterized by an inward deviation of one eye in relation to the other
  44. eustachitis
    inflammation of the eustachian tube
  45. exotropia

    aka: wall-eye
    strabismus characterized by the outward deviation of one eye relative to the other
  46. fenestration
    a surgical procedure in which a new opening is made in the labyrinth of the inner ear to restore hearing
  47. glaucoma
    increased intraocular pressure that damages the optic nerve and may cause the loss of peripheral vision and eventually blindness
  48. hemianopia
    blindness in one half of the visual field
  49. hordeolum

    aka: a stye
    an infection of one or more glands at the border of the eyelid
  50. hyperopia

    aka: farsightedness
    a defect in which light rays focus beyond the retina
  51. intravenous fluorescein angiography
    a diagnostic test in which a dye is injected into the arm and pictures are taken as the dye passes through the blood vessels in the retina
  52. iridectomy
    surgical removal of a portion of the iris tissue
  53. keratitis
    inflammtion of the cornea of the eye
  54. keratotomy
    is used to correct myopia
  55. labyrinthectomy
    surgical removal of the labyrinth of the inner ear
  56. labyrinthitis
    inflammation of the labyrinth resulting in vertigo
  57. mastoidectomy
    surgical removal of mastoid cells
  58. mastoiditis
    inflammation of any part of the astoid process
  59. Meniere's syndrome
    a chronic disease of the inner ear characterized by three main symptoms: attacks of dizziness, a fluctuating hearing loss, and tinnitus
  60. monochromatism

    aka: color blindness
    the lack of the ability to distinguish colors
  61. myopia

    aka: nearsightedness
    a defect in which light rays focus in feront of the retina
  62. myringectomy

    aka: tympanectomy
    surgical removal of all or part of the tympanic membrane
  63. myringitis
    inflammation of the tympanic membrane
  64. myringotomy
    a surgical incision of the eardrum to create an opening for the placement of tympanostomy tubes
  65. nyctalopia

    aka: night blindness
    a condition in which the individual has difficulty seeing at night
  66. nystagmus
    involuntary, constant, rhythmic movement of the eyeball
  67. ophthalmologist
    a specialist in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the eye
  68. optometrist
    holds a Doctor of Optometry (OD) degree and specializes in measuring the accuracy of vision to determine whether corrective lenses or eyeglasses are needed.
  69. otitis media, acute
    inflammatioin of the middle ear usually associated with an upper respiratory infection that is most commonly seen in young children
  70. otitis media, purulent
    a buildup of pus within the middle ear
  71. otitis media, serous
    a fluid build in the middle ear that may follow acute otitis media or be caused by obstruction of the eustachian tube
  72. otomycosis
    a fungal infection of the external auditory canal
  73. otoplasty
    surgical repair of the pinna of the outer ear
  74. otopyorrhea
    the flow of pus from the ear
  75. otorrhagia
    bleeding from the ear
  76. otosclerosis
    ankylosis of the bones of the middle ear resulting in a conductive hearing loss
  77. papilledema

    aka: choked disk
    swelling and inflammation of the optic nerve at the point of entance through the optic disk
  78. patulous eustachian tube
    distention of the eustachian tube
  79. phacoemulsification
    the use of ultrasonic vibratin to shatter and break up a cataract, making it easier to remove
  80. presbycusis
    a progressive hearing loss occurring with aging
  81. presbyopia
    changes in the eyes that occur with aging
  82. retinopexy
    laser treatment to reattach a detached retina
  83. scleritis
    inflammation of the sclera of the eye
  84. scotoma
    abnormal area of absent or depressed vision surrounded by an area of normal vision
  85. stapedectomy
    surgical removal of the stapes, which is a bone of the middle ear
  86. strabismus
    a disorder in which the eyes cannot be directed in a parallel manner toward the same object
  87. synechia
    an adhesion that binds the iris to any adjacent structure
  88. tarsectomy
    surgical removal of a segment of the tarsal plate of the upper or lower eyelid
  89. tarsorrhaphy
    partially or completely suturing together of the upper and lower eyelids to provide protection to the eye when the lids are paralyzed and unable to close normally
  90. tinnitus
    a ringing, buzzing, or roaring sound in the ears
  91. tonometry
    a test that measures intraocular pressure (IOP)
  92. trabeculoplasty
    is a treatment for glaucoma plastic surgery performed on the trabecula
  93. tympanectomy

    aka: myringectomy
    surgical removal of all or part of the tympanic membrane
  94. tympanocentesis
    surgical puncture of the typanic membrane to remve fluid from teh middle ear
  95. tympanometry
    an indirect measurement of acoustical energy absorbed or reflected by the middle ear
  96. tympanoplasty
    surgical correction of a damaged middle ear
  97. tympanostomy tubes
    tiny ventilating tube placed through the eardrum to provide ongoing drainage fro fluids and to relieve pressure that can build up after ear infections
  98. vertigo
    a sense of whirling, dizziness, and the loss of balance
  99. xerophthalmia
    drying of eye surfaces characterized by the loss of luster of the conjunctiva and cornea