21st exam 1

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lansmith
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94169
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21st exam 1
Updated:
2011-07-16 01:44:11
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21st exam
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chapter 1/ unit 1; Chapter 11/ unit 2
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  1. Caregiver
    • Giving care to pts that includes the art and sciene of nursing in meeting physical, emotional, intellectual, sociocultural, and spiritual needs.
    • The primary role of nursing
  2. Communicator
    The use of effective interpersonal and therapeutic communication skills to establish and maintain helping relationships with patients of all ages in a wide variety of healthcare settings
  3. Teacher/Educator
    The use of communication skills to assess, implement, and evaluate individualized teaching plans to meet learning needs of patients and their families
  4. Counselor
    The assertive, self-confient practice of nursing when providing care, effective change, and functioning with groups
  5. Researcher
    The participation in or conduct of research to increase knowledge in nursing and improve patient care
  6. Advocate
    The protection of human or legal rights and the securing of care for all patients based on the belief that pts have the right to make informed decisions about their own health and lives
  7. Collaborator
    The effective use of skills in organization, communication and advocacy to facilitate the functions of all member of the healthcare team as they provide patient care
  8. Promoting Health
    • the desire to increase a person's well-being and health potential
    • Healthy people promoting health goals:
    • 1)increase quality and years of healthy life
    • 2)eliminate health disparities
  9. Preventing illness
    • reduce the risk for illness, to promote good health habits.
    • Done by teaching
  10. Restoring health
    early detection of a disease to rehabilitation and teaching during recovery

    1) assessments (BP, Blood Sugar)

    2)providing direct care (physical care, meds, doing procedures and treatments)
  11. Culture
    A shared system of beliefs, values and behaviors
  12. Minority groups living within a dominant culture may lose the cultural characteristics that made them different. What is this called?
    Cultural Assimulation
  13. Ethnicity
    The sense of identification with a collective cultural group
  14. stereoptyping
    assuming that all members of a group are like
  15. Culturally senstive
    Asking a patient what types of foods they eat for meals
  16. Ethnocentrism
    beliefe that one's own ideas and practices are superior to those of others
  17. What makes a culturally competent nurse?
    • Learning another language
    • Having significant information
    • Treating each person as an individual (most basic)
    • Recognizing the importance of family
  18. What best describes the science of nursing?
    The knowledge of basic care
  19. Florence Nightengale
    • defined nursing: art and science
    • differentiated it from medicine
    • created free-standing nursing education
    • published books on nursing
    • founder of modern nursing
  20. Clara Barton
    • Volunteered to care for and feed Union soldiers in Civil war.
    • Supervisor of nurses for the Army of the James
    • est. Red Cross in US in 1882
  21. Lillian Wald
    • Established a neighborhood nursing service for the sick poor of the lower east side of NYC.
    • Founder of public health nursing
  22. Margaret Sanger
    Founder of Planned Parenthood
  23. BSN
    • Base for advanced education
    • Students must know theory and practice related to nursing and other disciplines, providing nursing care to individuals and groups
  24. Masters degree
    • Nurse practitioners and MSN.
    • Masters degrees have specialities. Can also carry out research necessary to advance nursing theory and practice
  25. Licensure
    NCLEX
    National Council Licensure Examination.
  26. Nurse Practice Act
    • Laws established in each state in the United States to regulate the practice of nursing.
    • Protects the public by defining the legal scope of nursing practice
    • creates a regulating board to have authority and enforce rules and regulations concerning the nursing profession
  27. Why do we need Standards of Nursing practice?
    ANA: activities that are specific and unique to nursing.

    Standards allow nurses to carry out professional roles, serving as protection for the nurse, the patient, and the institution where healthcare is given
  28. What are the Standards of Nursing Practice?
    • Assessment
    • Diagnosis
    • Outcomes Identification
    • Planning
    • Implementation
    • Evaluation
  29. Assessment
    The nurse collects comprehensive data pertinent to the patient's health or the situation
  30. Diagnosis
    The nurse analyzes the assessment data to determine the diagnoses or issues
  31. Outcomes Identification
    The nurse identifies expected outcomes for a plan individualized to the patient or the situation
  32. Planning
    The nurse develops a plan that prescribes strategies and alternatives to attain expected outcomes
  33. Implementation
    The nurse implements the identified plan, coordinates care delivery, employs strategies to promote heath and a safe environment
  34. Evaluation
    The nurse evaluates progress toward attainment of outcomes

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