nutrition ch 13-1.txt

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Author:
LaurenFleming
ID:
94247
Filename:
nutrition ch 13-1.txt
Updated:
2011-07-16 22:16:33
Tags:
nutrition
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Description:
midterm
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  1. how does illness affect nutrition
    • can reduce food intake
    • interferes with digestion and absorption
    • alters metabilism and excretion
    • dietary restrictions needed for surgey and some chronic illnesses
    • may be unable to prepare food
    • causes emotional upset
  2. registered dieticians
    • provide medical nutrition therapy
    • assess, diagnose, implement, and evaluate nutrition care plans
    • plan and approve menus
    • provide education
  3. registered dietetic technicians
    assisst registered dietician
  4. physicians
    prescribe diet orders
  5. nurses
    • screen patients
    • participate in nutrition assessments
    • provide direct nutrition care
  6. nutrition screening
    • identifies persons at risk for nutrition problems
    • must be done 24 hours after admission
    • should be completed in 10-15 minutes
  7. 24 hour recall
    • all foods and beverages
    • time of day eaten
    • amounts consumed
    • food preparation
    • typical day?
  8. food record
    • recorded over several days
    • recorded as consumed
    • does not rely on memory
  9. direct observation
    • kcal counting
    • time consuming
  10. height
    adults & older children
  11. length
    infants & children < 24 months
  12. weight & BMI .. what is a healthy BMI
    18-24.5
  13. head circumfrence
    • assesses brain development
    • up to 3 years of age
  14. circumfrence of waist & limbs
    • evaluates body fat
    • evaluates muscle mass
  15. what doees a BIOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS provide information about?
    • protein-energy nutrition
    • vitamin & mineral status
    • fluid & electrolyte balance
    • organ function

    ** analysis of blood & urine
  16. albumin
    • most abundant
    • slow to reflect changes in status
  17. transferrin
    • transports iron
    • indicates PEM and iron status
    • slow to detect changes in status
  18. prealbumin & retinol binding protein
    • responds quickly to changes in protein status
    • expensive test

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