What are the 3 types of Adjectival (modifying noun) Modifiers? And explain each.
1) Participial Phrases: beginning with a verb, used as an adjective (-ing modifier). Ex; crying babies... (hard to misplace, usually ignore)
2) Appositive Phrases: a noun phrase that serves the role of an adjective. Ex; John, the lead singer of the band, has laryngitis. (can come after or before the noun)
3) Relative Clauses: a subordinate clause that starts with a relative pronoun and is used to modify a noun. (Who, Whose, Whom, Which, That, Where). Must touch the noun it modifies.