test15 july18 medic_drugs medic12
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DES: long-acting synthetic adrenocorticoid w/ intense anti-inflammatory activity. prevents accumulation of inflammation generating cells at sites of infection or injury.
IND: 1)anaphylaxis 2)asthma 3)COPD 4)spinal cord edema
CI: none in the emergency setting
PC: 1)herpes simplex 2)keratitis 3)myasthenia gravis 4)hepatic or renal impairment 5)diabetes 6)CHF 7)seizures 8)psychic disorders 9)hypothyroidism 10)GI ulceration
DOSE: 4-24 mg IV/IM Ped: 0.5-1.0 mg/kg
NAME/CLASS: Toradol/nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug (NSAID)
DES: injectable NSAID that exhibits analgesic, antiinflammatory, and antipyretic properties w/out sedative effects.
IND: Mild or moderate pain.
NAME/CLASS: Osmitrol/osmotic diuretic
DES: osmotic diuretic that draws water into the intravascular space through its hypertonic effects, then causes diuresis.
IND: Cerebral edema.
DOSE: 1.5-2.0 g/kg slow IV Ped: 0.25-0.5 g/kg over 60 min
NAME/CLASS: GlucaGen/hormone, anti-hypoglycemic
DES: protein secreted by pancreatic cells that causes a breakdown of stored glycogen into glucose
IND: hypoglycemia w/out IV access & to reverse beta-blocker overdose
PC: effective only if there are sufficient stores of glycogen in the liver
DOSE: hypoglycemia: 1 mg IM/SC repeat 5-20 min Ped: 0.1 mg/kg 1 m/SC/IV child < 10kg; 1 mg/kg 1 m/SC/IV for child > 10 kg Beta-blocker overdose / Calcium Channel Blocker OD: 3mg IV over 1 min Ped: 50-150 mcg/kg IV over 1 min
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