Card Set Information
midterm for reading.
TYPES OF CONTEXT CLUES
general sense of the sentence or passage
RECOGNIZING A MAIN IDEA
look for general versus specific ideas
to lead u to the main idea
to lead u to the main idea
THAT LEAD TO MAIN IDEA
several kids of (ways of)
three advantages of
varios reasonds for
several causes of
a number of effects
some factors in
among the results
a serious of
a longer paragrah or essay have a?
central point, center idea, or thesis.
all the specific supporting detail of the passage fit under it.
SUPPORTING DETAILS ARE?
or other kinds of evidence that explain the main idea.
LIST WORDS AND ADDITIONAL WORDS CAN FIND WHAT?
major and minor supporting details.
USEFUL NOTE TAKING STRATEGIES:
outlining, mapping, and summerizing
HOW IS OUTLINING BENEFICIAL
because they show the relationship between the MAIN idea, MAJOR detail and MINOR detail of a passage.
? R MAPS BENEFICIAL
because they r very visual outlines.
HOW TO TAKE NOTES ON A NEW TERM?
by writing the definition and summarizing an example.
IMPLIED MAIN IDEAS ARE?
only suggested by the supporting detail but not clearly stated in one sentence.
3 QUESTIONS TO FIGURE OUT
IMPLIED MAIN IDEA
who or what is the paragraph about= topic
what is the main point the author is trying to make about that topic.
does all or most
of the material support the main idea/
2 methods that show relationship and make ideas clear?
pattern of organization
they show relationship between ideas/carry readers across from one idea to another.
signal added ideas
for one thing, second, also, in addition, and finally
firts, next, after, last
author will provide one or more examples to develop and crarify a given idea.
(for example, such as, including, specifically, to illustrate, one, once)
comparison and contrast
cause and effect
COMPARISON AND CONTRAST
like, alike, both, differently, although, however,
CAUSE AND EFFECT
reason or result of something.
(therefore, thus, consequently, results in, since, accordingly).
drawing conclusions, and reading between the lines. not directly stated. (
cartoons, tables and graphs
what is the authors purpose to (
infor, persuade, or entertain
the author attitude or feeling about a subject. (
sympathetic, angry, affectionate, respectful
) most important to recognize is
good argument=made up a point, or a conclusion and logical evidence to back it up.
recognize the point author is making
if evidence relavant
author's support is adequate.
separating fact from opinion
reconizing errors in reasoning
bandwagon=everybody else is doing it
testimonial=famous people influence
transfer=associates themselves with people admire or desire.
plain folks=they try to show they are ordinary.
name calling=negative comments on opponent
glittering generalities=not true or false cannot be experimented on such as (slogans)
3 fallacies that ignore the issue
circular reasoning=repeats itself rather than reason to back up statement.
personal attack=ignores the issue and concentrates on the character of the opponent.
straw man=argument made by claiming an opponent holds an extreme position and then opposing that extreme position.
3 fallacies that over simplify the issue
false cause=othere events alone show
false comparison= only alike but not really
either or= assumes that there are only 2 sides to a question.