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TYPES OF CONTEXT CLUES
- general sense of the sentence or passage
RECOGNIZING A MAIN IDEA
- look for general versus specific ideas
- use the topic to lead u to the main idea
- use key words to lead u to the main idea
KEY WORDS THAT LEAD TO MAIN IDEA
- several kids of (ways of)
- three advantages of
- varios reasonds for
- several causes of
- five steps
- a number of effects
- some factors in
- among the results
- a serious of
a longer paragrah or essay have a?
central point, center idea, or thesis.
all the specific supporting detail of the passage fit under it.
SUPPORTING DETAILS ARE?
- or other kinds of evidence that explain the main idea.
LIST WORDS AND ADDITIONAL WORDS CAN FIND WHAT?
major and minor supporting details.
USEFUL NOTE TAKING STRATEGIES:
outlining, mapping, and summerizing
HOW IS OUTLINING BENEFICIAL
because they show the relationship between the MAIN idea, MAJOR detail and MINOR detail of a passage.
? R MAPS BENEFICIAL
because they r very visual outlines.
HOW TO TAKE NOTES ON A NEW TERM?
by writing the definition and summarizing an example.
IMPLIED MAIN IDEAS ARE?
only suggested by the supporting detail but not clearly stated in one sentence.
3 QUESTIONS TO FIGURE OUT IMPLIED MAIN IDEA
- who or what is the paragraph about= topic
- what is the main point the author is trying to make about that topic.
- does all or most of the material support the main idea/
2 methods that show relationship and make ideas clear?
- pattern of organization
they show relationship between ideas/carry readers across from one idea to another.
signal added ideas
for one thing, second, also, in addition, and finally
firts, next, after, last
- author will provide one or more examples to develop and crarify a given idea.
- (for example, such as, including, specifically, to illustrate, one, once).
- comparison and contrast
- cause and effect
COMPARISON AND CONTRAST
like, alike, both, differently, although, however,
CAUSE AND EFFECT
- reason or result of something.
- (therefore, thus, consequently, results in, since, accordingly).
drawing conclusions, and reading between the lines. not directly stated. (cartoons, tables and graphs)
what is the authors purpose to (infor, persuade, or entertain)
the author attitude or feeling about a subject. (sympathetic, angry, affectionate, respectful) most important to recognize is IRONY
- good argument=made up a point, or a conclusion and logical evidence to back it up.
- recognize the point author is making
- if evidence relavant
- author's support is adequate.
- separating fact from opinion
- detecting propaganda
- reconizing errors in reasoning
- bandwagon=everybody else is doing it
- testimonial=famous people influence
- transfer=associates themselves with people admire or desire.
- plain folks=they try to show they are ordinary.
- name calling=negative comments on opponent
- glittering generalities=not true or false cannot be experimented on such as (slogans)
3 fallacies that ignore the issue
- circular reasoning=repeats itself rather than reason to back up statement.
- personal attack=ignores the issue and concentrates on the character of the opponent.
- straw man=argument made by claiming an opponent holds an extreme position and then opposing that extreme position.
3 fallacies that over simplify the issue
- false cause=othere events alone show
- false comparison= only alike but not really
- either or= assumes that there are only 2 sides to a question.