Emblaming Week 10

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  1. the right side of the heart seen as the center of drainage; used as a site of drainage via instruments from the right internal jugular vein
    right atrium
  2. postmortem stiffening of the body muscles by natural body processed
    rigor mortis
  3. decomposition of sugars
  4. process of soap formation; as related to decomposition, the conversion of fatty tissues of the body into a soapy waxy substance called adipocere or grave wax
  5. bacteria that derive their nutrition from dead organic matter
    saprophytic bacteria
  6. a two piece embalming instrument consisting of a handle and a blade used to make incisions and excisions
  7. material used to provide a barrier or seal against any typel of leakage of fluid or blood
    sealing agents
  8. weakening of the embalming solution by the fluids in the body, both vascular and interstitial
    secondary dilution
  9. pathologic state, resulting from the presence of microorganisms or their products in the interstitial
  10. condition characterized by the multiplication of bacteria in blood
  11. a chemical agent that can "fence off" or "tie up" metal ions so they cannot react with other chemicals
    sequestering agent
  12. notched on the edge like a saw, as seen with forceps
  13. hypodermic needles, suture needles, injector needles, scalpel blades, razor blades, pins and other items sharp enough to cause percutaneous injury, penetration of unbroken skin; may include other items normally not disposed of following use such as scissors, teeth, finger nails, and ribs
  14. osha required receptacle for proper disposal of sharps
    sharps container
  15. legal limits established by osha to which workers can be exposed continuously for a short period of time without damage or injury. exposures at the stel should not be for more than 15 minutes and not repeated more than 4 times per work day
    short term exposure limit/stel
  16. manifestation of death in the body
    sign of death
  17. an unstable salt usually produced in an aqueous solution and used as a bleaching and disinfecting agent
    sodium hypochlorite
  18. the substance that is dissolved in a solution
  19. liquid containing dissolved substance
  20. a liquid holding another substance in solution
  21. death of the organism as a whole
    somatic death
  22. injection from one site aznd drainage from a separate site
    split injection
  23. oven or appliance for sterilizing; an autoclave that disinfects by steam under pressure at temperatures above 100 degrees Celsius
  24. process that renders a substance free of all microorganisms
  25. delicate instrument used to detect almost inaudible sounds produced in the body
  26. dead at birth; a product of conception either expelled or extracted dead
  27. situated or occurring beneath the skin
  28. distension of the tissues beneath the skin by gas or air, an antemortem condition brought about by a surgical procedure or trauma
    subcutaneous emphysema
  29. toward the surface
  30. anatomically towards the head
  31. fluid injected for purposes other than preservation and disinfection. Supplemental fluids generally fall into one of three categories; preinjection, coinjection, and humectants or restorative fluids
    suplemental fluid
  32. cloth, wet or dry, folded and applied firmly to a body part
    surface compress
  33. the direct contact of body tissues with embalming chemicals
    surface embalming
  34. a discoloration due to the deposit of matter on the skin surface. these discolorations may occur antemortem, during, or after embalming of the body; adhesive tape, ink, iodine, paint, tobacco stains
    surface discoloration
  35. an absorbent material, compress, saturated with an embalming chemical and placed in direct contact with the tissue
    surface pack
  36. chemical that reduces the molecular cohesion of a liquid so it can flow through smaller apertures
    surfactant (surface tension reducer; wetting, penetrating, or surface active agent)
  37. the science of treating the body chemically so as to temporarily inhibit decompositon
    temporary preservation
  38. institution of disinfection and decomposition measures after the preparation of the remains
    terminal disinfection
  39. any procedure used to prove a sign of death
    test of death
  40. study of death
  41. destruction of cutaneous and subcutaneous tissue; seered, charred
    third degree burns
  42. a general term. the solidification of a solid into a gelatinous mass. agglutination is a specific form of coagulation
    tissue coagulation
  43. post mortem accumulation of gas in tissues or cavities brought about by a anaerobic gas forming bacillus, ex. clostridium perfringes
    tissue gas
  44. the yellowing or browning of the fingernails and fingers from excessive use of cigarettes; a surface discoloration
    tobacco tars
  45. disinfection of a surface of the body or an object
    topical disinfection
  46. an agonal or post mortem distribution of host microflora on a widespread basis
  47. the grafting of living tissue from its normal position to another site, or of an organ or tissue from one person to another
  48. lying at right angles to the long axis of the body
  49. a physical injury or wound caused by external force or violence
  50. sharply pointed surgical instrument used in cavity embalming to aspirate the cavities and inject cavity fluid. the trochar may also be used for supplemental hypodermic embalming
  51. a plastic threaded screwlike device for sealing punctures or small round trochar openings
    trochar button
  52. a line drawn or visualized on the surface of the body or a paramount anatomic structure used to locate internal structures during cavity embalming, from a point of reference two inches to the left of and two inches superior to the umbilicus
    trochar guide
  53. an evaluation of exposures that are time weighted over an established period. it allows the exposure levels of the average generally over an 8 hr time period
    time weighted average/ TWA
  54. plastic garment designed to cover the entire body from the neck down to and including the feet
  55. an approach to infection control. according to the concept of universal precautions, all human blood and certain human body fluids are treated as if known to be infectious
    universal precautions
  56. apparatus that prevents the back siphoning of contaminated liquids into potable water supply lines or plumbing cross connection within the prep room
    vacuum breaker
  57. the use of blood vascular system of the body for temporary preservation, disinfection and restoration; accomplished through injection of embalming solutions into the arteries and drainage from the veins
    vascular (arterial) embalming
  58. liquids that serve as a solvent for the numerous ingredients that are incorporated into embalming fluid
  59. internal organs enclosed within a cavity
  60. the resistance to the flow of liquid; the thickness of a liquid
  61. an agent used to remove chemical constituents from municipal water supplies that could interfere with drainage and preservation
    water conditioner
  62. quality of water containing certain substances, especially soluble salts of calcium and magnesium
    water hardness
  63. a condition resulting from the use of an embalming solution containing an insufficient amount of preservative to meet the preservation demand of the tissue; the interstitial spaces are overly filled, engorged with water
    water logged
  64. controls that reduce the likelihood of exposure by altering the manner in which a task is performed; prohibiting recapping of needles, and not allowing blood spatter or aerosolization of blood while draining during the embalming process
    work practice controls
  65. see surfactant
    wetting agent
Card Set
Emblaming Week 10
Embalming Week 10
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