Implementation of policies & procedures in hospitals & other health care facilities to minimize the spread of HAI to patients or other staff members.
Person or group who because of risk factors may be susceptibleto disease or illness. Usually parasitic, the oraganism is nourished and harbored.
Process by which pathogens, but not their spores, are destroyed.BACTERIOCIDAL
Condition of being soiled, stained, touched or exposed to harmful agents by the entry of infections or toxic material into a previously clean or sterile environment; making an object potentially unsafe for use as intended.
Define SAFETY REMINDER DEVICE. (SRD)
Used to immobilize a patient; referred to as a restraint.
Any tiny (usually microscopic) entity capable of carrying on living processes; bacteria, fungi, protozoa, & viruses.
What is Double Bagging?
Infection control practice of placing contaminated items into another bag that is clean and held outisde the isolation room by a second staff member.
Loss of consciousness due to inadequate blood flow to the brain; Fainting.
Sensation that outer world is revolving about oneself. (Dizziness)
What is ABDuction?
Moving an extremity away from the midline of the body.
Creating fear and threat using biologic agents.
A reproductive cell of microorganisms such as fungi or protozoa; highly resistant to heat & chemicals.
What is ADDuction?
Moving an extremity towards the axis of the body.
What are Standard Precautions?
Set of guidelines set forth by CDC to reduce risk of transmission of bloodborne pathogens. Promotes handwashing and use of PPE when appropriate for patient contact.
ALL microorganisms including their spores are destroyed. *SURGICAL ASEPSIS*
Movement allowed by certain joints that increase the angle between two adjoining bones.
Define FOWLER'S POSTION.
Posture assumed by patient when HOB is raised to 45o to 60o
Postion of maximum extension or abnormal stretching.
Inability to move around freely.
Connections between bones.
Pertaining to the total patient care, considers physical, emotional, social economic & spiritual needs of the person.
Abnormal process in which thesocial, emotional or intellectual condition & functonof person is diminished or impaired.
Health & maintenence. Preserving health and preventing disease.
Define Labia Majora.
Two large folds of the tissue extending from the mons pubis to the perineal floor; lip.
Deifine Labia Minora.
Smaller fold of tissue covered by the labia majora.
A living carrier for transmission of microorganisms.
The means by which organisms are carried about.
Power to produce disease. Very pathogenic or rapidly progressive condition.
Inhibit the growth and reproduction of microorganisms. (BACTERIOSTATIC)
Free of pathogenic microorganisms.
Person or animal who harbors & spreads an organism, causing disease in others, but does not itself become ill.
Define SURGICAL ASEPSIS.
"STERILE TECHNIQUE" destroys all microorganisms and their spores.
Condition of physical, mental, & social well-being. Absence of disease or other abnormal conditions.
Define HOLISTIC HEALTH CARE
A system of total patient care that considers physical, emotional, social economic, & spiritual needs of the person. Response to illness & effect of illness on the person's ability to meet self-care needs.
Position assumed by patient in bed raised to about 30o and foot of bed is raised slightly.
Lying facedownon the abdomen.
Palms of the hand are turned up.
Position in which patient is lying supine w/ head lower than the body & legs elevated on an incline.
Define MEDICAL ASEPSIS
"CLEAN TECHNIQUE"- inhibit the growth & spread of pathogenic microorganisms.
Define CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL & PREVENTION.(CDC)
Federal agency that provides facilities & services for investigation, identification, prevention & control of disease.
Backward upward bending of fingers, wrist, foot or toes.
Lying face upward.
DefineHealth Care Associated Infection. (HAI)
Infection acquired in the hospital. (Nasocomial Infection)
Any natural habitat of a microorganism that promotes growth & reproduction.
Define BODY MECHANICS.
Physiologic study of muscular actions & functions maintaining posture of body.
Lying on the back.
Nonliving material that may host & transfer pathogenic microorganisms.
Person's ability to move around freely in his/her environment.
Palm of the hand turned down.
Capable of causing disease.
Lying face down on the abdomen.
Body Temp. above normal.
Define RANGE OF MOTION (ROM)
Normal movement that a joint is capable of making. Body action involving the muscles, joints, & natural directional movements.
Define SIMS' POSITION.
Lying on left side w/ right knee drawn upward toward the chest & abdomen allowed to fall forward.
Position assumed by patient, sitting up in bed at a 90o
Incision of a duct or organ. esp. the bladder for removal of a stone.
Relationship of various body parts to one another.
Define Sentinel Event.
Unexpected occurrenceinvolving death or serious physical or psychological injury or risk thereof.