Western Physiology Quiz 3

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son850
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Western Physiology Quiz 3
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2011-07-19 13:20:15
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Western Physiology Quiz
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Western Physiology Quiz 3
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  1. The Sympathetic Nervous System belongs to which part of Nervous System (Central or Peripheral)?
    Peripheral
  2. The Cervical Nerve Roots belong to which part of the Nervous System (Central or Peripheral)?
    Peripheral
  3. The Dura Mater belongs to which part of the Nervous System (Central or Peripheral)?
    Central
  4. The Trigeminal Nerve belongs to which part of the Nervous System (Central or Peripheral)?
    Peripheral
  5. What common procedure is important diagnostically/theraputically?
    Spinal Tap (aka Lumbar Puncture)
  6. What space is violated / entered by the needle during a Lumbar Puncture?
    Sub Arachnoid Space
  7. Which Cranial Nerves are responsible for Eye movement?
    CN 3, 4, 6 (Oculamotor)
  8. Which Cranial Nerves pertain to the Face?
    • CN 5 - Trigeminal (Sensory)
    • CN 7 - Facial (Motor)
  9. If we have unilateral facial / cheek / jaw pain, what is condition called?
    • Trigeminal Neuralgia (CN 5 problem)
    • Bell's Palsy (CN 7 problem)
    • CVA (wind stroke) (CN 7 problem)
  10. Which Cranial Nerves are responsible for sensory of taste in the back of the tongue?
    CN 9 - Glossopharyngeal (Sensory)
  11. Which Cranial Nerves are responsible for parasympathetic activity in the body?
    CN 10 - Vagus
  12. Someone with a stroke / CVA displays lateral tongue deviation. Which CN is affected?
    CN 12 Hypoglossal (Motor)
  13. In the Cervical Plexus (C1 - C4 nerve roots), there is a condition called "C3, 4, 5 keeps the diaphargm alive". Which nerve is impaired?
    Phrenic Nerve
  14. The Brachial Plexus (C5 - T1 nerve roots) forms 3 common problems: Wrist Drop, Claw Hand, Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. Please identify which nerve is affected for each condition.
    • Wrist Drop - Radial Nerve
    • Claw Hand - Ulnar Nerve
    • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome - Median Nerve
  15. Which nerve is affected in the condition of Sciatica (Unilateral shooting pain down the leg)?
    Common Peroneal division of Sciatic Nerve (prolonged sensory issue will lead to motor problems i.e. Foot Drop)
  16. Increased Heart Rate. Sympathetic or Parasympathetic?
    Sympathetic
  17. Sweating. Sympathetic or Parasympathetic?
    Sympathetic
  18. Pupil Dilation. Sympathetic or Parasympathetic?
    Sympathetic
  19. Good Appetite. Sympathetic or Parasympathetic?
    Parasympathetic
  20. What is the difference between Sympathetic and Parasympathetic?
    • Sympathetic "Fight or Flight"
    • Parasympathetic "Rest and Digest"
  21. What are the 3 physiological functions of the eye?
    • Accomodation of vision (focusing)
    • Regulating the amount of light entering the eye
    • EOM (Extra Ocular Movement, CN 3, 4, 6 (Motor))
  22. What is the name of the condition associated with Increased Intraocular Pressure?
    Glaucoma
  23. What is the name of the condition associated with Loss of Central Vision?
    Cataracts
  24. What is the name of the condition associated with Focus or Near-Vision?
    Myopia
  25. What is the name of the condition associated with Diabetics routine eye exam?
    Retinopathy
  26. 3 year old child with deviation of eye. What condition is this?
    Strabismus
  27. What 3 physiological components are found in the Media of the Ear?
    • 3 Ossicles - converts sound to electrical impulses (Incus (Anvil), Stapes (Stirrup), Malleus (Hammer)
    • Eustachian Tube (Equalizes Airway Pressure)
    • Ear Drum (Tympanic Membrane, easy for age: 5 months to 5 years to get infection)
  28. Is tinnitus and / or vertigo an Outer, Middle, or Inner Ear problem?
    Inner Ear
  29. What is this disease called when both tinnitus and vertigo occur at the same time?
    Meniere's Disease (both hearing and balance deficit)

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