Common Medical Abbreviations

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Author:
tchmura
ID:
94593
Filename:
Common Medical Abbreviations
Updated:
2011-07-19 20:27:07
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chp10 Common Medical Abbreviations
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Description:
Common Medical Abbreviations A through C you might encounter
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  1. a
    before

    Enema a pre-op
  2. aa
    of each
  3. abd
    abdominal

    reference to the abdomen
  4. a.c.
    before meals
  5. ADL
    activity of daily living

    What patient can or should do on a daily basis
  6. ad lib
    as desired

    Patient may have something as desired
  7. a.m.
    morning

    Before noon
  8. amt.
    amount

    Usually describes volume
  9. AROM
    active range of motion

    refers to physical therapy or patient activity. Denotes full motion
  10. AX
    axillary

    Axillary refers to temperature under the arm
  11. BID
    two times a day
  12. BM
    bowel movement
  13. BP
    blood pressure
  14. BRP
    bathroom privileges
  15. C
    Celsius

    C with a degree mark next to letter denotes the temperature in Celsius to convert to F. multiply by 9 / by 5 and add 32
  16. c with line over it
    with
  17. cal
    calorie
  18. cath
    catheter

    tube usually inserted through the urethra and into the bladder can also be heart catherization to see vessels that supply blood to the heart
  19. CBR
    complete bed rest
  20. cc
    cubic centimeter

    A cc is a unit of measure. It is exactly equal to a ml.
  21. CHF
    Congestive heart failure

    Too much fluid presses against the lungs and the heart
  22. cm
    centimeter

    A cm is a unit of measure. One inch equals 2.54 cms
  23. CN
    charge nurse

    A registered nurse who is in charge during a hospital shift
  24. CNS
    central nervous system

    central nervous system consists of brain and spinal cord
  25. c/o
    complains of
  26. DC
    discontinue

    discontinue means stop
  27. DON
    director of nurses

    refers to head of nursing in a facility--usually one one head
  28. Dr.
    doctor
  29. DX
    diagnosis
  30. F
    Fahrenheit

    Convert Fahrenheit to Celsius, subtract 32, multiply by 5 and divide by 9
  31. fx
    fracture
  32. GI
    gastrointestinal

    Refers to things concerning the gastrointestinal system
  33. gtt
    drop or drops
  34. GU
    genitourinary
  35. h
    hour
  36. H2O
    water

    hydrogen and oxygen
  37. HOB
    head of bed

    Trendelenberg position is where hips are placed higher than the head. Reverse Trendelenberg means head of bed should remain elevated
  38. HOH
    hard of hearing
  39. HS
    hour of sleep
  40. I/O
    intake and output
  41. IV
    intravenous

    Infiltrated means that the IV was no longer in vein and fluid is seeping into surrounding tissues--swollen, red or tender site
  42. kg
    kilogram

    One kilogram equals 2.2 pounds
  43. L
    liter

    one liter equals 1,000 cc's or 33.8 ounces
  44. lb.
    pound
  45. LE/LLE/LUE
    lower extremity; left lower extremity; left upper extremity

    Refers to lower extremity of left lower & upper
  46. Lt.
    left
  47. MI
    myocardial infarction

    myocardial infarction is a heart attack
  48. mm
    millimeter

    One mm equals .1 cm, or ten mm's equal 1 cm. To convert mm's to inches, multiply by 10 and divide by 254
  49. noc
    night
  50. NPO
    nothing by mouth
  51. N/V
    nausea and vomiting
  52. O.D.
    right eye
  53. OOB
    out of bed
  54. O.S.
    left eye
  55. O.U.
    both eyes
  56. oz.
    ounce

    3 tsp or 15 cc's = 1 tbsp, 1 tsp = 5 cc's, 1 cup = 250 cc's, 1 ounce = 30 cc's, 1 cc = 1 ml
  57. p with line over it
    after

    abbreviation for post or after
  58. p.c.
    after meals
  59. PO
    by mouth
  60. p.m.
    evening

    after noon
  61. prn
    as needed
  62. PROM
    passive rangeof motion

    passive exercises that are stopped when resistance of any kind is met
  63. pt.
    patient
  64. qd
    every day

    medication time is usually 9 a.m.

    Procardia medice to lower blood pressure--XL long acting
  65. qh
    every hour
  66. q2h
    every two hours
  67. qid
    four times a day

    9 a.m., 1 p.m., 5 p.m., and 9 p.m.
  68. qod
    every other day
  69. QNS
    quantity not sufficient
  70. QS
    quantity sufficient
  71. R with a circle around it
    rectal

    reference to rectal concerning temperature
  72. R
    respirations

    respirations are counted in how many breaths are taken per minute
  73. RE/RUE/RLE
    right extremity; right upper extemity; right lower extremity

    Referring to the right arm or leg, hand or foot
  74. ROM
    range of motion
  75. Rx
    prescription

    recipe of prescription

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