Psych 101

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  1. Freud: Components of Personality
    ID, Supergo, Ego
  2. Freud: Fixed at 6
  3. Layers of Consciousness
    conscious, pre-conscious(dreams/associations-symbols), unconscious(repressed memories, breathing, central nervous system, instincts, ID, memories of traumatic events)
  4. Main Drive in Humans
    Sex Drive, and Death. We want to have sex before we die.
  5. Pleasure Principle
    All humans are driven towards pleasure and away from pain. Some of us will exchange pain now for pleasure later, while others will settle for less pain and less pleasure.
  6. Psychosexual Stages
    • 1. Oral - baby puts everything in their mouth
    • 2. Anal - Creativity and Autonomy
    • 3. Phallic - exploring genitals, castration anxiety, penis envy, **edipal complex(errotic attraction towards opposite sex parent, stronger in boys)
    • 4. Latent - Problem solving, education
    • 5. Genital - desire for sex with others
  7. Jung: Individuation
    Process through which we try to reach our maximum potential, finding how we fit in - our purpose
  8. Jung: False Self/Persona
    A mask we put on to behave 'properly' in front of others
  9. Jung: Layers of Consciousness
    Conscious, Pre-Conscious, Personal Conscious, Collective Conscious(Archetypes)
  10. Jung: Archetypal Theory
    Fictional identities that enhance our personalities, Universal symbol, stalk character, Ex. Hero, Mom
  11. Jung: Fluid and Evolving
  12. Jung: Anima/Animus
    Female/Male attributes hidden in the unconscious of the opposite sex
  13. Horney: Basic Anxiety/Neurotic Needs
    Basic Anxiety is the fear that our needs will not be met, grows into neurotic needs. We are all born with basic anxiety.
  14. Horney: Womb Envy/Patriarchy
    Men being jealous that women can give birth. / Male based ruling
  15. Horney: Personality Types
    • Moving Against People
    • Moving Away from People
    • Moving Toward People
    • Moving with People (good)
  16. Adler: Teleological Drive
    Main motive in life is to make our dreams come true.
  17. Adler: Striving for Perfection
    Desire to be a better person.
  18. Adler: Striving for Superiority
    Complex, trying to be better than others.
  19. Adler: Personality Types
    • 1. Ruling Type - Dominant/Aggressive
    • 2. Avoiding - avoiding life/reclusive
    • 3. Leaning - sensitive/dependent
    • 4. Socially Useful - "social interest" good
  20. Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
    • Physiological - Air, Water, Food, Safety, Shelter
    • Emotional - Love & Belonging
    • Self Esteem -
    • Self Actualization -
    • (Transpersonal Psychology) Transcendence - Kundalini: connection to the divine without ego in the way.
  21. Erikson: Developmental Theory Stages
    • 1. Trust vs. Mistrust
    • 2. Autonomy vs. Shame
    • 3. Initiative vs. Guilt
    • 4. Industry vs. Inferiority
    • 5. Identity vs. Role Confusion
    • 6. Intimacy vs. Isolation
    • 7. Generativity vs. Self Absorption
    • 8. Integrity vs. Despair
  22. Mahler: Early Infancy Developmental Theories
    • 1. Normal Autistic: 0-1month
    • 2. Symbiotic Phase: First 6months, "FUSION, Dual Unity"
    • 3. Differentiation: 6-10months, starts to realize it is a distinct individual
    • 4. Practicing: 10-16months, "Hatching" Exploring, it thinks the world is it's oyster until something bad happens
    • 5. Rapprochement: 16-24months establish relationships, ambitendency - opposing desires and needs, earliest form of socialization
    • 6. Consolidation: 24-36months, people have different emotions and needs, object constancy - knowing mom will return and loves him no matter what (emotional constancy)
  23. Kohut: Developmental Theory
    • Child needs a minimal amount of love for maximum amount of growth(happy productive life)
    • 1. Twinship - connection with baby, mom
    • 2. Mirroring - Do what I do
    • 3. Modeling - Follow me
    • Object Relations: Self Object, Primary Object, Split Self(good/bad)
  24. Family Systems Theory
    All families are composed of interdependent parts working together as a whole
  25. Family Roles
    • Hero
    • Organizer
    • Nurturer
    • Rebel Child
    • Quiet Child
    • Family Scapegoat(holds the negative energy)
    • IP
    • Mascot
    • Historian
  26. Social Psychology
    How peoples thoughts feelings and behaviors are influenced by others
  27. Self Identity
    Self + the environment
  28. Self Concept
    Self Identity + Self Esteem = an organized collection of beliefs about the self
  29. Schemas
    • Belief about self
    • Pragmatic (practical/logical)
    • Humanistic (how we are to others)
    • Presentation
    • Post Modern (how we put all strands of our lives together)
    • Self Esteem
  30. Self Esteem: 4 Self Images
    • 1. Social Self (social comparison)
    • 2. Occupational/Academic Self
    • 3. Emotional Self
    • 4. Physical Self
  31. Core Attitudes
    • Conformity (How we conform to what others expect of us to be)
    • Attraction
    • Perception (How we perceive others and ourselves)
    • Biases (our Prejudicial beliefs)
  32. Cognitive Dissonance
    Anxiety, Discomfort with ourselves when our beliefs don't meet with our actions
  33. Fundamental Attribution Error
    • Dispositional - For others, something is wrong with them
    • Situational - For us, environments fault
  34. Social Comparison
    • Upwards - To motivate
    • Downwards - to feel better
  35. Self Attributions
    • Internal - interaction with others, receptive, kind
    • External
  36. Self Discrepancy Theory
    • Actual Self vs. Ideal Self = Depression
    • Ideal Self (who we pretend we are)
    • Ought Self (when we realize we want certain aspirations we want to reach, helps drive us) VS. Actual Self = Anxiety
    • Self Reference Gauge = COHORT, group traveling together through time
  37. Social Deviance
    • someone who deviates from social norms and expectations
    • Cultural Transmission - when an elder teaches a younger to be deviant
    • Labeling - a dominant culture labels deviancy
    • Control - Pple lack the proper controls to not be deviant. Social bond - attachment, commitment, involvement, belief
    • Marginalization - Anomie - alienation(collective and individual) leads to depression, suicide, etc.
  38. Axis I Clinical Disorders
    Depression, Major Depression, Dysthymia, Bi-Polar, Cyclothymia
  39. Depression
    Axis I. EF: sadness and hopelessness more days than not
  40. Major Depression
    Axis I. Due to external events, loss, grief
  41. Dysthymia
    Axis I. chronic low grade, long term depression, biochemical or learned response
  42. Bi-Polar (manic depression)
    Euphoria, wreckless behavior, insomnia, use of drugs
  43. cyclothymia
    low grade bi-polar
  44. Axis II Disorders
    • Personality - Borderline, Histrionic, Narcissistic etc.
    • Sexual Disorders
    • Developmental - Autism, mental retardation
  45. Sexual Disorders
    • Psychological in one or more of these areas
    • Desire, Arousal, Orgasm, Resolution
    • 1. non human objects/nonsexual body parts
    • 2. suffering humiliation on self or others
    • 3. sex with children/minors/unconsenting adults
  46. Personality Disorders Categorize
    • originate in childhood
    • Cluster A) "Bizarre Behavior, Look, Thought"
    • Schizotypal, Schizoid, Paranoid
    • Cluster B) "Dramatic" Histrionic, Narcissistic, Borderline
    • Cluster C) "Fearful" Obsessive compulsive, Dependent, Avoidant
  47. Antisocial
    disregard for other people's rights
  48. Avoidant
    extremely sensitive as to what others think about them C Fearful
  49. Borderline
    instability in interpersonal relationships, self image, and emotions (Idealizing someone to devaluing someone) Dramatic B
  50. Histrionic
    Attention seeking behavior, and extremely emotional, sexually inappropriate Dramatic B
  51. Narcissistic
    Lack of empathy, need for admiration
  52. Obsessive Compulsive
    C Fearful, OCD need for interpersonal control
  53. Paranoid
    • Suspicion of others
    • Cluster C Fear
  54. Schizoid
    Has no desire for a relationship socially awkward Cluster A Bizarre
  55. Dependent
    Long Standing need to be taken care of
  56. Schizotypal
    Desire for relationship but is socially awkward CLuster A Bizarre
  57. Constellation of Disorders
    Having more than one disorder
  58. Moral Stages
    • Pre Conventional - Reward vs. Punishment
    • Conventional - Peer Approval
    • Post Conventional - universal principles
Card Set:
Psych 101
2011-07-21 07:39:37
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