Lab Studies HHNK/DKA

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Author:
oohmistarz
ID:
9474
Filename:
Lab Studies HHNK/DKA
Updated:
2010-03-07 14:10:44
Tags:
Advanced Acute
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Final
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  1. Glucose in DKA
    HHNK?
    • 300-800
    • 600- 2000
  2. Sodium level is ______ d/t __________________ but __________
    • falsely high
    • total body depletion
    • give Na anyways
  3. Potassium is ______ d/t total body depletion in DKA
    Insulin therapy _____ the transport of __________ resulting in _________ K levles
    • norm or elevated
    • increases, potassium
    • lower
  4. Potassium is ______ d/t total body depletion in HHNK
    low
  5. pH may drop below _____ in DKA
    HCO3 below ____
    • 7.3
    • 15
  6. pH & HCO3 _____ in HHNK
    D/t ______
    • Normal
    • fat
  7. Serum Osmolality
    HHNK
    DKA
    normal:
    • <350
    • >350
    • 270-290
  8. For both DKA & HHNK Calcium/phosphorus/magnesium are all
    decreased
  9. BUN and Crt are _______ with a ratio of > _________
    * tells you the state of _________
    • elevated
    • 10:1
    • dehydration
  10. DKA & HHNK
    WBC ________
    Differential _________
    HCT _________d/t ____________
    • elevated
    • differential
    • elevated, dehydration
  11. Urinalysis for DKA & HHNK
    Glucose is _______
    Ketones
    • positive
    • elevated in DKA
    • Negative in HHNK
  12. In an electrocardiogram
    • sinus tachycardia
    • tall peaked T-waves
  13. Even though total body depletion of _____, there are tall peaked T-waves
    K+

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