1. were american citizens that made their own army to conquer latin american countries.
2. It happened a lot during 1823-1870.
3. It happen in all over latin american countries.
4. The U.S wanted to expand so small groups decided to expand. two famous filibusters: Lopez tried to conquer Cuba and william walker conquered Nicaragua.
Good neighbor policy
1. FDR's foreign policy.
3. In the United States
4. Its main focal point was collaboration. No violence to settle disputes. They formed "Rio treaty".
"Growth without development"
1. Only a few people benefit from a growing economy.
2. It has happened all throughout what we have studied.
3. It has happened all over Latin american countries and the U.S as well.
4. In some instances, the country itself does not benefit as much as the country that owns a company in their own property.
Monroe Doctrine (1823)
1. Doctrine that stated the U.S will intervene with L.A affairs if it feels their liberty is at stake. Even if they have to go to war.
3. In the U.S
4. U.S will use this doctrine to justify their actions for intervening in L.A affairs.
Domino Theory (1945-1990)
1.was a theory in which explained that if one country falls to communism, the surrounding countries will fall too.
3. It was a theory that implied to every country.
4. The U.S funded a lot of money to keep countries from not turning "red". Containment came about.
Center Fringed development
1. is when one part of the country is very modernized compared to the rest. As you move away from the center it gets less and less.
2. It happens till this day.
3. It happens amongst most latin american countries.
4. It makes the "center" place over populated because everyone wants to be in a more modernized place. Less distribution of wealth in a country.
Roosevelt Corollary (1904)
1. It adds to the Monroe Doctrine. They would enforce good behavior in LA.
3. In the U.S
4. Came about when England tried to invade L.A over some debt. It was meant to keep foreign competition out.
1. Frente Farabundo Marti para la Liberacion Nacional. A rebel group that was formed during Salvadoran Civil war. It was formed by 5 other revolution groups.
3. In El Salvador
4. Was one of the main participants in the Salvadoran civil war. Today they are one of the two most powerful political houses.
1. was the name of Juan Peron's goon squad.
2. During Juan Perons two president terms. 1946-1955 and 1973-1974.
3. In Argentina
4. It was considered as an insult at first. Then took pride of the name. They did the dirty work. They never killed anyone.
1. Was a treaty between U.S and Cuba to protect Cuba's independence.
3. In Cuba and U.S
4. It allowed the U.S in cuba's international and domestic affairs to uphold cuba's independence.
Bay of Pigs 1961
1. A CIA operation invasion led by Cuban exiles to overtake Castro's government. The failed.
4. It showed the U.S how much support Castro had in Cuba. They couldn't just over throw him easily.
1. wife of Juan Peron. She was a big figure for working class/ poor people.
4. She was big on charities for poor people. she gave away coupons to get free things. when she died of cervical cancer, millions of people went to mourn her.
1. was a revolutionary leader in Mexican revolution. He was the leader of the south of mexico. He was fighting for land reform.
4. He fought for land reform. He wanted his indigenous people to get their land back after all the latifundio that was present. Is a big hero till this day.
1. a book written by John Turner.
2. 1910, Porfirio Diaz days.
4. It explained all the horrors that went on during Porfiriato days. The treatment of slaves and poor people.
Committees for the defense of the revolution (CDR)
1. CDR was established after the cuban revolution. Established by Castro.
4. It promotes social welfare and moniters counter revolutionary activity.
1. He was an ambassador for the U.S. Had many ambassadorships in latin america.
3. A lot of Latin American countries.
4. He was a shareholder of united fruit. He also organized political struggles against Peron and Farrell.
1. Ran for election against Porfirio Diaz. Led to his arrest. Started a revolution alongside Villa, Zapata. Over threw Diaz then became president. Political reform his main issue.
4. was overthrown from government as well because the people felt betrayed by him. He was focused on political reform not land reform. Frustrated Zapata.
1. Partido Revolucionario Institucional. A political party in Mexico.
2. 1946 it was founded.
4. At one point it held control of mexico for 70 years. There is much controversy that there is a lot of corruption in the political party.
1. People who promise to redress popular grievances and to build social solidarity. Juan peron, larenzo cardenas.
3. Some L.A countries even U.S for several years has a party.
4. The people that followed populism address issues by how it fits the issues needs not by a set policy.
1. was a former mexican president that backed up Madero. was a member of PRI.
4. He nationalize PEMEX.
1. Former president of Guatemala. he was overthrown by the U.S.
4. His nationalistic economic and social reforms alienated conservative land owners, conservative elements in the army, and the U.S governement. Suspected to have supported Communist party by the U.S. He tried to interfere with united fruit company.
Rio Treaty (1947)
1. was a mutual defense pack between all western hemisphere countries except Cuba.
3. Western hemisphere countries
4. It was made to go against the Soviet Union. If one country got attacked, they all jump in to defend.
1. was a tactic to keep communism from spreading. If it spread it would lead to domino theory.
4. It led to U.S funding many countries for them not to fall to Communism.
1. Period of time in which Americans felt good about themselves. They wanted to spread their system to other places thus territorial expansion.
4. It caused many filibuster groups. They wanted to expand their territory because the american way was the best.
1. Period in which the U.S intervened a lot in Latin America. Brought peace in those countries. For us, it was named age of intervention.
3. In Latin america.
4. It brought peace to latin american countries that were being intervened. During this time, the U.S wanted to protect their investments. Their approach was "unilateral action". In this period, the U.S got anti-democratic and instilled dictators.
1. Cardenas nationalize Mexico's oil industries. It became known as PEMEX
4. It became Mexico's main source of selling and gaining profit. It helped out Mexico's economy by nationalizing it.
1. Porfirio Diaz goon squad. They took care of his dirty work
2. 1876-1911. Porfiriato Era.
4. They supposedly solved the banditry problem by having the rurales take care of that issue. They brought intimidation and violence with them.
Ley de Fuga
1. Was a law that Porfirio made up. It meant that if the suspect was arrested and he tried to escape, he would get shot.
2. Porfirio Era 1876-1911
4. It was a pathetic excuse for the rurales to kill anyone they wanted. Then later say they tried running away.
Argentina's Dirty War
1. Jorge Vidaela was dictator when this era was in session. It was basically war on its on country in Argentina.
4. Vidaela killed many people in perverse ways. From this "war" mothers of the may plaza came about. They evidently took down the regime. They protested and endured all the attacks the governement threw at them.
1. Were missions send by the U.S to take over a country when their investments were at risk. The U.S military would build infrastructures then leave behind a dictator.
2.1904-1932 during Age of intervention
3. Latin american countries were affected by this.
4. The U.S were willing to do anything without the countries consent just to protect their investments.
Alliance For Progress
1. Plan in which U.S gave grants to needy countries for them to acquire basic requirements.
3. Latin American countries were affected by this as well as U.S
4. This was made because if the countries had their basic needs fulfilled, communism wasnt so appetizing.
1. Juan Peron came up with this. Country and citizens would give half and half the money to nationalize foreign companies.
4. It helped reduce the dependency of foreign productions. They kept it local using ISI.
1. Theory used by the U.S during the cold war. It meant that if one country fell to communism then the surrounding countries would be influenced as well.
2. Cold war 1945-1990
3. Any country this would apply to. U.S theory.
4. Because of the fear of communism spreading, U.S spend millions of dollars to prevent countries from falling for communism.
Mothers of the May Plaza
1. Argentinian mothers in which they would protest in the May plaza to find out the whereabouts regarding their families. The Argentinian governement would attack them over and over but they stayed put.
4. They gained national media attention thus exposing how bad Vidaela's regimen was. Leading to his downfall.
Operation P.B Success
1. An operation led by the CIA to overthrow Jacobo Arbenz. It was designed to cause fear in the atmosphere. They spread rumors and turn people against Arbenz.
4. It evidently led to Arbenz downfall.
1. They were from Nicaragua. They opposed the Somoza family. The leader was Daniel Ortega
4. They overthrew Somoza family but got overthrown byVioleta Chamorro.
1. They were a rebel group that opposed the sandinistas. They were helped out by the U.S government.
4. Violeta Chamorro finally overtook the government from Daniel Ortega.
"First law of guerilla tactics"
1. Make the government kill many civilians to get the people mad.
2. Cold War times.
3. In EL Salvador
4. It would either make them mad enough to join the guerrillas or get them scared to do anything about the situation on hand.
Cuban Missile Crisis
1. S.U placed nuclear missiles in Cuba just incase the U.S attacked the SU or Cuba. JFK and Nikita were leaders at the time.
4. It made the U.S agree not to invade Cuba and removed the missiles from Cuba in SU parts.
1. Archbishop of El Salvador that was murdered by the Salvodoran government after he told them to stop with the killings.
3. El Salvador
4. It was one of the four things that made the U.S stop funding El Salvador.
1. He was a marxist that was elected for president in Chile. He was overthrown by the CIA and other millitary advisors from Chile.
4. U.S did not like the fact that he was elected. They viewed as a communism win. They cut his foreign credit and created "truckers strike" to dismantle the economy. Turn people against him.