Mental Health

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Author:
kalachucha
ID:
94760
Filename:
Mental Health
Updated:
2011-07-21 07:51:45
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Description:
Pharmacology in Psychiatric Care
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  1. Control symptoms of psychosis,
    calm without sedation,
    first-generation drugs are Haldol and Thorazine,
    second-generation drugs Risperdal and Abilify
    Antipsychotics
  2. Psychotic disorders in relation to antipsychotic drugs
    Schizophrenia & Manic-Depressive Psychosis
  3. Positive symptoms of schizophrenia:
    • Hallucinations
    • Delusions
    • Disorganized thought process
    • Paranoia
  4. Negative symptoms of schizophrenia:
    • Withdrawal
    • Lack of initiative
    • Failure to maintain hygiene
  5. Another name of second generation antipsychotic drugs
    • Atypical antipsychotics or
    • atypical neuroleptics
  6. Another use of antipsychotic drugs rather than schizophrenia and manic-depressive pshycosis:
    Prevent relapse in individuals with chronic disorders
  7. Low Potency Class
    (Thorazine & Mellaril)
    Large amount will have significant effect

    LARGE = BIG
  8. High Potency Class:
    Small amount will have significant effect

    small amount = BIG EFFECT
  9. Non- Antipsychotic Drugs used to Treat Psychosis
    • Benzodiazepines
    • Antidepressants
    • Mood Stabilizers
    • Other agents for SE
  10. Time range injections work
    15 to 30 minutes
  11. Time PO (oral) medications work
    One to four hours
  12. Which route is faster for medications?
    Liquid
  13. What can decrease oral absorption?
    • Food
    • Coffee
    • Smoking
    • Other Drugs
  14. Two major characteristics of drug actions:
    1. They all bind to brain dopamine receptors

    2. They produce a degree of indifference to both external and internal stressful stimuli
  15. Location of drug metabolization:
    Liver
  16. Side effects of first-generation antipsychotic medications:
    • Constipation
    • Dry Mouth
    • Blurred Vision
    • Postural Hypotension
    • Urinary Retention
    • Weight Gain (2nd Generation too)
    • Sedation
  17. Most common movement disorder
    Subjective sense of restlessness
    Move continuously
    Akathisia
  18. "Feeling antsy"
    Inability to sit still
    Pacing floor
    Not being frightened
    Akathisia
  19. Sustained, involuntary muscle spasms
    (mostly common in head & neck)
    Dystonia
  20. Expressing thoughts of worry or concerns
    Having fears, even if unable to state the source of the worry
    Often having somatic symptoms
    Anxiety
  21. Exhibiting escalating anxiety and anger
    Vocalizing concerns/complaints
    Possibly demonstrating destructive behaivor
    Agitation
  22. Disorder characterized by sudden fever, rigidity, tachycardia, hypertension, decreased LOC
    Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome
  23. Treatment of Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome
    • D/C of antipsychotics
    • Administration of medications
  24. First antidepressants
    Tricyclic
  25. Route of antidepressants
    • PO
    • (oral)
  26. Peak time of antidepressants
    Four to six hours
  27. Tricyclic and related antidepressants treat:
    • Panic Disorder
    • OCD
    • Psychotic Depression w/illusions
  28. These are side effects of what drug:
    Blurred vision
    Dry mouth
    Rapid HR
    Constipation
    Urinary retention
    Impaired memory
    Anticholinergics
  29. Medication to manage acute mania
    Mood Stabilizers
  30. Lithium, Tegretol, Valproic Acid, and Divalproex
    • Antimanic Drugs
    • (Mood Stabilizers)

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