Dry World- sub-tropical high pressure cells induces arid conditions
(e) mountains and orographic conditions. Mountains keep the moisture out. Like in Morocco and Turkey.
(e) rivers and oases
refers to language, but other variables as well.
(e) non-Arab speakers on the regional
Berbers, Hebrew, Kurdish, Turkish.
Hebrew and Arab are both somatic languages.
What is dry farming?
Farmers rely exclusively on rainfall to produce their craps
What are the primary cereal and tree crops?
Wheat barely, almonds and olives, and grapevines
In what large scale or extensive regions is cereal dry farming practiced?
Coastal plains in Morocco, the high plateau in Algeria, and the plateau in central turkey.
What are qanats and why are they important to agriculture?
And underground tunnerl that moves water from source to field. It provides year round irrigation.
Alternates between winter pastures in the lowlands and summer pastures in the uplands. Follow regular routes, herds a major source of meat and animal products. Focus on sheep.
Uses variations in the availability of grass and water and generally operates in relatively flat areas. Moves from wells that proivde water to their herds in the dry season to distant regions where rainfall produces surface water and grass. Focus on camel.
Identify the Five Pillars of Islam that govern the behavior and beliefs of Muslims.
Creed, prayer, charitable giving, fasting, and pilgrimage
What is the primary difference between the Sunni and Shi’ite (Shia) branches of Islam?
Shi’ite think that only descendants of Mohammed should hold political power and Sunni think that any practicing Muslim can exercise power.
Where are Shi'ite (Shia) geographically concentrated?
Iran, southern Iraq, southern Lebanon, Tem, the interior of Oman, and the Gulf coast districts of Saudi Arabia.
Last of the 3 “great” religions
Hearth in Mecca, Mohammed as prophet, Quran as holy book.
Major subdivisions of Sunni and Shi’ite (Shia)
Perceive negative traits are not religious- based but culturally based.
(e) non-Islamic peoples include Jews, Copts, Maronites, and Assyrians.
Well endowed, but not spatially uniform.
Largest global oil reserves and producer.
Greatest reserve countries in the region
Strong historical ties to Europe
First established during the Greek period, later as a Roman grain basket, especially the “Maghreb.”