Speech Midterm

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  1. The process of creating or sharing meaning in informal conversation, group interaction, or public speaking
  2. Who are the individuals who assume the roles of senders and recievers during an interaction?
  3. What are the verbal utterances and nonverbal behaviors to which meaning is attributed during communication?
  4. What are the thoughts in one person's mind as well as the interpretations one makes pf another message?
  5. What are the words, sounds, and actions that seek to represent specific ideas and feelings?
  6. What is the process of putting our thoughts and feelings into words and nonverbal cues?
  7. What is the process of interpreting another's message?
  8. What is the setting in which a communication encounter occurs? Name the five?Please See Her Private Collection
    Context. physical social historical psychological cultural.
  9. What are both the route travelled by the message and the means of transportation?
  10. What is any stimulus that interferes with the process of sharing meaning? Name the four? Physician's Psyche Inspection Seminar
    Noise. Physical, psychological, Internal semantic.
  11. What are the sights, sounds, and other stimuli in the environment that draw people's attention away from the intended meaning called?
    Physical noise
  12. What are the internal distractions based on thoughts, feelings or emoptional reactions to symbols?
    Psychological noise
  13. What are the thoughts and feelings called that compete for attention and interfere with the communication process?
    Internal noise
  14. What are the distractions aroused by certain symbols called that take our attention away from the main message?
    Semantic noise
  15. What are the reactions and responses to messages that indicate to the sender whether and how that message was heard, seen, and interpreted?
  16. What is spoken without much conscious thought?
    Spontaneous expressions
  17. What are phrasings we have learned from past encounters and judge to be appropriate to the present situation?
    Scripted messages
  18. What are those messages that we put togeather wth careful thought when we recognize that our known scripts are inadequate for the situation?
    Constructed messages
  19. What is the degree of liking or attractiveness in a relationship?
  20. What is the degree to which one participant is percieved to be more dominant or powerful?
  21. What is the process of selectively attending to information and assigning meaning to it?
  22. What is the gap between our inaccurate self-perception and reality?
  23. What is the process of monitoring the social environment to learn more about self and others?
    Uncertainty reduction
  24. What are assumptions people have developed about which physical characterisitics and personality traits or behaviors are associated with another?
    Implicit personality theories
  25. What is it called when you make an assumption based on your own implicit personality theory?
    Halo effect
  26. What are reasons we give for others' behavior based on our emotional state?
  27. What is a message that reflects our understanding of the meaning of another person's nonverbal behavior?
    Perception check
  28. What is both a body of symbols adn the system for their use in messages that are common to the people of the same speech community?
  29. What is the language community composed of a group of people who speak the same language.
    Speech community
  30. What are symbols used by a speech community to represent objects, ideas, and feelings.
  31. What is it called when language affects how people think and what they pay attention to?
    The Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
  32. What is the direct, explicit meaning a speech community formally gives a word - its dictionary definition?
  33. What is the feelings or evaluations we associate with a word called?
  34. What is the position of a word in a sentance and the other words around it called?
    Syntactic context
  35. What is a culture called in which messages are direct, specific, and detailed?
    low-context culture
  36. What is a culture called in which messages are indirect, general, and ambiguous?
    High context culture
  37. What is the way of speaking which typically uses words of empathy, and support, emphasizing concrete and personal languagem abd shows politeness and tentativeness in speaking?
    Feminine style of language
  38. What is the style of speaking called which uses words of status and problem solving, emphasizes abstract and general language, and shows assertiveness and control in speaking?
    masculine style of language
  39. What clarifys meaning by narrowing what is understood from a general category to a particular item or group within that category
    Specific words
  40. What are words that appeal to our senses?
    Concrete words
  41. What words narrow a larger category?
    precise words
  42. What wording is full of life, vigorous, bright and intense?
    vivid wording
  43. What does it mean to specify the time or time person that a fact was true or known to be true?
    Dating information
  44. What is the mental and verbal practice of acknowledging the presence of individual differences when voicing generalizations?
    Indexing generalizations.
  45. What are words that may apply only to one sex, race, or other group as though they represent everyone?
    Generic language
  46. What is language in which terms are chages because of the sex race or other characteristic of the individual?
    Nonparallel language
  47. What is it called when sex, race, age, or other designation is added to a description?
  48. What are those bodily actions and vocal qualities that typically accompany a verbal message?
    nonverbal communication behaviors
  49. What is one type of gesture which can stand alone and substitute completely for words?
  50. What are gestures that respond to a physical need?
  51. What is the interpretation of touch?
  52. What is the interpretation of a verbal messsage based on paralinguistic feastures called?
  53. What is the formal term for the interpretation someone makes of your use of space?
  54. What are people called who are round and heavy? What are the stereotypes attached to them?
    Endomorphs. King gentle, jovial
  55. What are people called who are muscular and strong? What are their stereotypes?
    Mesomorphs. energetic, outgoing, confident
  56. What are people called who are lean and have little muscle development? What are their stereotypes?
    Ectomorphs. brainy, anxious, cautious
  57. What is the way others interpret your use of time called?
  58. What are people called who have a "one thing at a time" approach?
    Monochonic time orientation
  59. What are people called who have a multitasker approach to time?
    Polychronic time orientation
  60. What is the attitudes, values, beliefs, and customes that the majority of people in a society hold in common called?
    Dominant culture
  61. What are the groups of people living within a dominant culture but exhibiting communivation that is sufficiently different to distinguish them from the dominant culture called?
  62. What is the self percieved membership in certain cultures called?
    Cultural identity
  63. What are cultures called which expect people to maintain traditional sex roles and maintain different standards of behavior for men and women?
    Masculine cultures
  64. What are cultures called that expect people, regardless of sex, to assume a variety of roles depending on the circumstances and their own choices.
    Feminine culture
  65. Who are people we know by name and talk with when the opportunity arises, but with whom our interactions are limited?
  66. Who are people with whom we have voluntarily negotiated more personal relationships.
  67. Who are those few people with whom we share close, caring, and trusting relationships?
  68. What is the process of receiving, constructing meaning from, and responding to spoken and/or nonverbal messages?
  69. What is the perceptual process of selecting and focusing on specific stimulu from the countless stimuli reaching the sense?
  70. What is decoding a message accurately to reflect the meaning intended by the speaker caller?
  71. What does it mean to put into words the ideas or feelings you have percieved from the message? denotative version? emotion version?
    Paraphrasing. Content. feeling.
  72. What is the process called which evaluates what you have heard to determine its truthfullness?
    critical thinking
  73. What does it mean to cushion the effect of messages by utilizing both positive and negative politeness skills?
  74. What is the desire to be appreciated, and approved, liked and honored?
    positive face needs
  75. What is it called to desire to be free from imposition or intrusion?
    negative face needs
  76. What are seemingly opposing forces called that occur in all interpersonal relationships?
    relational dialects
  77. What is the process of revealing your biographical data, personal experiences, ideas, and feelings to someone called?
  78. What is it when the needs or ideas of one person conflict with the other?
    Inetpersonal conflict
  79. What does it mean to remove yourself from a conflict, physically or psychologically?
  80. When you satisfy the needs of others while neglecting your own?
  81. When you satisfy your own needs while ignoring others
  82. When you both give up something to get some satisfaction on the whole
  83. Conflict resolution style that is similar to Rogerian?
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Speech Midterm
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