Med. Term. (chapter 15)

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princessmagonda
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Med. Term. (chapter 15)
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2013-07-21 11:31:12
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  1. hypercalcemia
    excessive calcium in the bloodstream
  2. decalcification
    removal of calcium from bones
  3. kyphosis
    abnormal post. curvature of the thoracic vertebrae
  4. laminectomy
    removal of a lamina to relieve the symptoms of a ruptured intervertebral disc
  5. lordosis
    abnormal ant. curvature of the backbones in the lumbar region
  6. lumbar
    pertaining to the loins or lower back (near the waist) region
  7. lumbosacral
    pertaining to the lower back and the sacrum
  8. myelopoiesis
    fomation of bone marrow
  9. orthopedics
    the specialty of medicine dealing w/bones and bone diseases. Orthopedists originally straightened (ortho/o) the bones of children (ped/o)
  10. osteitis
    inflammation of bones
  11. osteodystrophy
    poor development of bones
  12. osteogenenis
    formation of bone
  13. scoliosis
    abnormal condition of lateral curvature of the spine
  14. spondylosis
    abnormal condition of vertebrae
  15. vertebral
    pertaining to a vertebra
  16. osteoblast
    immature of bone cell
  17. osteoclast
    large cell found in the bone marrow of growing bones; absorbs and removes unwanted bone tissue
  18. spondylolisthesis
    forward displacement of a vertebra over a lower segment
  19. osteomalacia
    softening of bone
  20. epiphysis
    end of a long bone
  21. pubic symphysis
    junction of the pubic bone on the midline in front of the body
  22. osteoporosis
    condition of increased porosity of bone w/ loss of bony tissue and decrease in bone mass
  23. osteotome
    instrument to cut bone
  24. acetabular
    pertaining to the acetabulum (hip socket)
  25. calcaneal
    pertaining to the calcaneous (heel bone)
  26. carpals
    pertaining to the wrist bones
  27. supraclavicular
    pertaining to above the collar bone
  28. subcostal
    pertaining to below the ribs
  29. chondrocostal
    pertaining to the cartilage attached to the ribs
  30. craniotomy
    incision of the skull
  31. craniotome
    instrument to cut the skull
  32. femoral
    pertaining to the thigh bone (femur)
  33. fibular
    pertaining to the smaller of the two lower leg bones (fibula)
  34. humeral
    pertaining to the upper arm bone (humerus)
  35. iliac
    pertaining to the ilium (upper portion of the hip bone)
  36. ischial
    pertaining to the ischium (lower and post. part of the hip bone)
  37. malleolar
    pertaining to the malleolous (process on each side of the ankle)
  38. mandibular
    pertaining to the lower jaw bone
  39. maxillary
    pertaining to the upper jaw bone
  40. metacarpectomy
    removal of hand bones
  41. metatarsalgia
    pain of the foot bones
  42. olecranal
    pertaing to the elbow
  43. patellar
    pertaining to below the kneecap
  44. pelvimetry
    measurement of the proportions of the pelvic bone (before childbirth).
  45. peroneal
    pertaining to the fibula
  46. phalangeal
    pertaining to the finger or toe bones
  47. pubic
    pertaining to the pubis (ant. portion of the hip bone)
  48. radial
    pertaining to the lateral lower arm bone
  49. scapular
    pertaining to the shoulder bone
  50. sternal
    pertaining to the breast bone
  51. tarsectomy
    removal of ankle bones
  52. tibial
    pertaining to the tibia, the larger and inner of the two lower leg bones.
  53. ulnar
    pertaining to the medial lower arm bone
  54. ankylosis
    abnormal stiffening and immobility of a joint
  55. arthroplasty
    surgical repair of a joint
  56. arthrotomy
    incision of a joint
  57. hemarthrosis
    abnormal condition of blood in a joint
  58. hydrarthrosis
    abnormal accumalation of fluid in a joint
  59. polyarthritis
    inflammation of many joints
  60. articular cartilage
    the cartilage surrounding the bones in a joint
  61. bursitis
    inflammation of a bursa
  62. achondroplasia
    improper cartilage formation in development of bones (leads to a type of dwarfism)
  63. chondroma
    tumor (benign) of cartilage
  64. chondromalacia
    abnormal softening of cartilage
  65. ligamentous
    pertaining to a ligament
  66. rheumatologist
    specialist in treatment of joint disorders
  67. synovitis
    inflammation of a synovial membrane
  68. tenorrhaphy
    suture of a tendon
  69. tenosynovitis
    inflammation of a tendon and its sheath
  70. tendinitis or tendonitis
    inflammation of a tendon
  71. arthrodesis
    binding together (surgical fusion) of a joint
  72. spinal stenosis
    narrowing of the neural canal or nerve root canals in the lumbar spine
  73. fascietomy
    removal of fascia
  74. fibromyalgia
    pain of fibrous connective tissue and muscle
  75. leiomyoma
    tumor (benign) of a smooth muscle
  76. leiomyosarcoma
    tumor (malignant) of a smooth muscle
  77. myalgia
    pain of a muscle
  78. electromyography
    process of recording the electricity in a muscle
  79. myopathy
    disease of muscles
  80. myocardial
    pertaining to heart muscle
  81. myositis
    inflammation of muscle
  82. plantar flexion
    bending downward of the sole of the foot
  83. rhabdomyoma
    tumor (benign) of a skeletal muscle
  84. rhabdomyosarcoma
    tumor (malignant) of skeletal muscle
  85. myasthenia gravis
    condition of muscle weakness caused by a failure in transmission of nervous impulses from a nerve to muscle cell
  86. atrophy
    decrease in size of a normally developed organ or tissue; wasting of tissue
  87. hypertrophy
    excessive development (increase in cell size)
  88. amyotrophic
    pertaining to loss of muscle development (in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, muscles can't move bc of degeneration of nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord).
  89. abduction
    process of carrying away (muscle is pulled away from the midline of the body)
  90. adduction
    process of carrying toward (muscle is pulled toward the midline of the body)
  91. dorsiflexion
    bending of the foot backward and upward
  92. polymyalgia
    pain of many muscles

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