means, "rebirth" and in this context it refers to a revival of art and learning
An intellectual movement that focused on human potential and achievements
the basic spitir of renaissance society, meaning basically being concerned with the here and now
craftsman who developed the printing press, and we all know what happens next...
the act of changing something, like the church... or the whole thing with the indurstrial revolution...
Peace of Augsburg
Basically said that the German Princes would stop fighting and could each choose a religion for their subjects
a government controlled by religios leaders
Members of the, "Society of Jesus."
Focused on three activities:
1. founded schools in europe
2. convert non christians to catholicism
3. and to stop the spread of protestantism
Council of Trent
Catholic bishops and cardinals agreed on several doctrines, including:
1. the church's interpretation of the bible was final
2. christians needed faith and good works for salvation
3. the bible and church tradition were equally powerful authorities for guiding christian life
4. indulgences were valid expressions of faith
Turkey today, this empire were around in the 1300s and exisited until after WWI. Their leader was Osman, or Othman.
A shi' ite muslim dynasty that ruled in persia between the 16th and 18th centuries
Treaty of Tordesillas
Between spain and portugal, they agreed to honor the boundaries in S. America
brought order to japan. well liked by the people. "Take care of the people. Strive to be virtuous. never nedlect to protect the country."
The people who invaded and descended from Muslim Turks, and Afghans in Indian were lead by Timur the Lame and the Mongol conqueror Genghis Khan, they called themselves Mughals, which means, "Mongols."
Spanish for, "conquerors." Went to the new world to find gold, silver and other riches. Isn't that just great?
a system where natives farmed, ranched, or mined for spanish landlords
The global transfer of food, plants, and animals during colonization of the Americas
an economic system based on private ownership and investment of resources, like money, for profit.
Edict of Nantes
The declaration of religious toleration by france towards the Huguenots
Thirty Years War
A conflic over religion and territory and for power among European ruling families
English Civil War
Supporters and opponents of King Charles fought. Cavaliers (like the cavalier king charles spaniels... you know... the dogs that were bred to sit on people's laps and keep them warm, aka king charles' spaniels) were the side of King Charles, and the other people were Puritans.
Puritan general in the english civil war... his new model army defeared the cavaliers... by 1647, they held the king prisoner...
where laws limit the ruler's power... like what england has atm...
a few scholars published works that challenged the ideas of the ancient thinkers and the church, and thus it was called ScIeNtIfIc ReVoLuTiOn...
astronomer... you know.... he's Galileo....
a new intellectual movement that stressed reason and thought... also known as, "thinking"
Agreement by which people created a gov't
held a different, more positive ciew of human nature, believing that people could learn from experience and tmprove themselves
the french word for philosophers, they were like newton and stuff... said to use the core beliefs of, reason, nature, happiness, progress, and liberty
french writer, devoted himself to the study of political liberty
believed that britain was the best-governed and most politically balanced country of his day
another philosophe, this one was committed to individual freedom, saying that "Man is born free, and everywhere he is in chains."
the philosophes tried to convince monarchs to rule justly, and some monarchs emvraced the new ideas and made reforms that reflected the Enlightenment spitrit. they became known as the enlightened despots, despot means, "absolute ruler."
Catherine the Great
Ruled Russia from 1762 to 1796, and was well known as being educated, and for reading the works of the philosophes. she exchanged many letters with Voltaire, and ruled with absolute authority but also sought to reform Russia.
an assembly of representatives from all three estates to approbe a new tax. held at Versailles.
Third Estat delgates named themeselves this, and and they passed laws and reforms in the name of the french people...
Followers of Jacobin, thought that the government needed change... radicals... aka the Jacobin Club
build a "republic of virtue" by wiping out every trace of france's past
took over france, was thrown out, then took over again, then was thrown out... military genious, you know... that short guy that was a real B***h...
Set of laws, which eliminated many injustices
supposed to make continental Europe more self-sufficient, intended to destro the brit's commerical and industrial economy
Congress of Vienna
a series of meetings in vienna, to set up policies to achieve the goal of European order
Concert of Europe
A series of alliances devised by Metternich
a wealthy Venezuelan creole, and a brilliant general
the belief that people's greatest loyalty should not be to a king or an empire
greatly increase in output of machine-made products
a person who organizes, manages, and takes on the risks of a business
a professor at the University of Glasgow, Scotland, defended the idea of a free economy, or free markets
the factors of production are owned by the public and operate for the welfare of all
the right to vote
Servival of the fittest
a social theory that said that the counrties with the better armies, etc.. who can wipe out the other countries will be the ones who survive...
laid down the rules for the division of Africa
British rule of india? kinda confused on this one...
The widespread frustration finally erupted into violence, the poor peasants and workers resented the special privileges granted to foreingners went boom.
emperior = Musuhito
"The american continates are henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European powers."
the policy of glorfying military power and keeping an army prepared for war
Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy
France, Russia, and Britain.
Treaty of Versailles
Treaty between Germany and the allies at the end of WWI
League of Nations
Using Wilson's 14th point, the treaty created a League of Nations, whose goal was to keep peace among the nations around the world.
the more radical side, they were the ones who started USSR and communism... i think...well, im pretty sure...
Leader of the Bolsheviks, was named Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov...... so you can see why he changed his name... and he basically took control of the Bolsheviks... he ended the czarest regime...all that stuff...
total and complete governmental control.... the gov't controls every aspect of your life... so really fun...and stuff...
commanded the rebel army that drove the Mongols out of China in 1368, first Ming emperor
You know, that weird guy that finally told people that the sun was the center of the solar system and not the earth.
The guy that first fried pork- just kidding, he's actually more important than that, he's the guy that thought up the scientific method.
you pertty much export more than import....
a policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, economically, and/or socially
an economic system built on large industries rather than on agriculture or craftsmanship
People who support artists- especially finacially.
exploitation by a stronger country of weaker one
having an absolute monarch (a king/queen that has unlimited power)
a roman catholic tribunal for investigating and prosecuting charges of heresy- especially the ones in Spain during the 1400s
Ottoman leader... that's about all I can tell you...
Those creepy people that would do anything to get power, and would pay artists to paint stuff, then put their name by it saying that they paid for it to make them look better...
associate his name with utilitarianism. DO IT NOW. THINK OF HIS NAME, THEN THINK OF UTILITARIANISM...! lol.
What song was I listening to when I wrote this question!?
A. Someone Who Cares - Three Days Grace
B. Sound the Bugle - Brian Adams
C. The (After) Life of the Party - Fall Out Boy
D. Not Good Enough for Truth in Cliches - Escape the Fate
E. None of the Above
Well, it's C of course! Lol.
Founder of the Society of Jesus
When Martin Luther said, "Bye bye" to the church, he posted 95 things he hated about it, and it pissed people off...
Describe the economic aspect of the Reniassance:
Merchant class got very wealthy, which made more banks pop up. This is where the Medici come in, they support the artists, which gives the reniassance its reniassance-i-ness.
Describe the Italian city states:
The leaders were patrons, which lead to the renissance
Who were some of the individuals in the reniassance?
Shakespere, monet, etc.
Describe the reformation:
Martin Luther posted the 95 hates.
Where do protestants get their name?
Protestant, protestors, etc.
Describe the explorers?
Eouropeans are wealthy from coming to the new world
Where was the Ottoman Empire?
In the saudia arabian peninsula
How did the Ottomans treat the people of Constantinople?
Well, they were tolerant, and allowed the people of Constantinople to continue to practice christianity
Who were the big three?
Ottomans, Mughul, and Safavids
What were the effects of the exploration?
Expanded trade, chultures destroied, and leads to the slave trade.
What was the incan trade route like?
What caused conflicts between the mughals and the Hundus?
The hindus wasnted self-rule.
What was the justification for imperialism?
What caused the rise of france and england?
Basically an england kind wanted rule over england
What were some of the causes of the slave trade?
break down of traditional society, moved from patriachial to matriarchal; tribes start to fight with eachother
Who did the boxers rebel agains?
what happened between the Brits and the Sepoys?
They had a bit of a rebellion, and the brits took political control, and this time era is called the Raj
What was midevil belief in the church like?
The didn't question the church, then because of the enlightenment they started to, which led to the inquestion, which was people being brought before the church people and you know what happens now...
Who was oliver cromwell?
A puritan who lead an army, and beat King james
Who were some of the absolutionist?
Hery and elizabeth of england, catherine of russia. louis of france, etc
Who should you associate the reign of terror with?
What were the effects of the Treaty of Versallies?
The land was redistributed, and the germans harbor feelings of guilt.