Card Set Information
The most complex units that make up the body?
Many similar cells that act together to perform a common function.
A group of several different kinds of tissues arranged to perform a special function.
Denotes a living thing.
The smallest "living units of structure and function in the body.
Explain Anatomical position:
The body is in an erect or standing posture with the arms at the sides and the palms facing forward. The head and feet are also pointed forward.
Upper or above
Lower or Below
Toward the midline of the body
Front (abdominal side)
Toward the side of the body
Farthest from the point of origin of a body point.
The stomach is _______to the diaphragm.
The nose is located on the_____ surface of the body
The lungs lie ______to the heart
The elbow lies _____ to the forearm.
The skin is ______ to the muscle below it.
A midsagittal plane divides the body into____ parts.
A transverse plane divides the body into _____ and ____ sections
Upper and Lower
A coronal plane may also be referred to as a _______plane.
The axial portion of the body contains;
Head, Neck, and torso or trunk
The appendicular Portion of the body contains;
The upper and lower extremities
_____ depends on the body's ability to maintain or restore homeostasis
Homeostasis is the term used to describe the relative constancy of the body's ________ __________.
The basic type of homeostatic control system in the body is called a ______ ____.
Homeostatic control mechanisms are categorized as either ______ or ______ feedback loops.
negative or positive
Negative feedback loops tend to _______ conditions
Positive feedback control loops are ______.
changes and functions that occur during the early years are called_________ ________.
Changes and functions that occur after young adulthood are called_______.
The body's continous ability to respond to changes in the environment and maintain relative constancy in the internal environment is called______.
The regions frequently used by health professionals to locate pain of tumors divides the abdomen in to 4 basic areas called. ________
Which of the following organs or structures does
lie within the mediastinum?
A legthwise plane running from front to back that divides the body into right and left sides is called____.
A study of the functions of living organisms and their parts is called_____.
The thoracic portion of the ventral body cavity is seperated from the abdominopelvic prtion by a muscle called the_______.
An organization of varying numbers and kinds of organs arranged together to perform a complex function is called a ______.
The plane that divides superior from inferior is known as the ______plane.
Which of the following structures does
lie within the abdominal cavity.
most of the small intestines
Which of the following is an example of an upper abdominal region?
Rt. iliac region
lft. hypochondriac region
lft. lumbar region
The dorsal body cavity contains components of the_____.
What organ is
found in the pelvic cavity?
Similar cells acting together to perform a common function exist at the ________level of organization.
which of the following planes would be considered coronal? A plane that divides the body into:
Anterior and Posterior portions
If your reference point is " nearest the trunk of the body" rather than "farthest from the trunk of the body", where does the elbow lie in relation to the wrist.
The buttocks are often used as intramuscular injection sites. This region can be called______.
In the human body, the chest region
can be referred to as the thoracic cavity
is a component of the ventral body cavity
and contains the mediastinum
Which of the following is
a component of the axial subdivision of the body?
A synonym for medial is
sytematic approach to discovery is known as the ________ _________.
A tentative explanation in research is known as a ________.
the testing of a hypothesis is ________.
a group getting a drug is the _____ ______.
a group getting a substitute is the ______ ______.