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LoriThomas
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94897
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Flash cards
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2011-07-23 07:02:37
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Chapter1
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Chapters 1
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  1. The most complex units that make up the body?
    Systems
  2. Many similar cells that act together to perform a common function.
    Tissue
  3. A group of several different kinds of tissues arranged to perform a special function.
    Organ
  4. Denotes a living thing.
    organism
  5. The smallest "living units of structure and function in the body.
    Cell
  6. Explain Anatomical position:
    The body is in an erect or standing posture with the arms at the sides and the palms facing forward. The head and feet are also pointed forward.
  7. Superior
    Upper or above
  8. Inferior
    Lower or Below
  9. Transverse
    Horizontal plane
  10. Medial
    Toward the midline of the body
  11. Ventral
    Front (abdominal side)
  12. lateral
    Toward the side of the body
  13. Distal
    Farthest from the point of origin of a body point.
  14. The stomach is _______to the diaphragm.
    inferior
  15. The nose is located on the_____ surface of the body
    anterior
  16. The lungs lie ______to the heart
    lateral
  17. The elbow lies _____ to the forearm.
    proximal
  18. The skin is ______ to the muscle below it.
    superficial
  19. A midsagittal plane divides the body into____ parts.
    equal
  20. A transverse plane divides the body into _____ and ____ sections
    Upper and Lower
  21. A coronal plane may also be referred to as a _______plane.
    frontal plane
  22. The axial portion of the body contains;
    Head, Neck, and torso or trunk
  23. The appendicular Portion of the body contains;
    The upper and lower extremities
  24. _____ depends on the body's ability to maintain or restore homeostasis
    Survival
  25. Homeostasis is the term used to describe the relative constancy of the body's ________ __________.
    Internal environment.
  26. The basic type of homeostatic control system in the body is called a ______ ____.
    feedback loop
  27. Homeostatic control mechanisms are categorized as either ______ or ______ feedback loops.
    negative or positive
  28. Negative feedback loops tend to _______ conditions
    stabilize
  29. Positive feedback control loops are ______.
    stimulatory
  30. changes and functions that occur during the early years are called_________ ________.
    Developmental processes
  31. Changes and functions that occur after young adulthood are called_______.
    Aging processes
  32. The body's continous ability to respond to changes in the environment and maintain relative constancy in the internal environment is called______.
    Homeostasis
  33. The regions frequently used by health professionals to locate pain of tumors divides the abdomen in to 4 basic areas called. ________
    Quadrants
  34. Which of the following organs or structures does not lie within the mediastinum?
    • Aorta
    • Liver
    • Esophagus
    • Trachea
  35. A legthwise plane running from front to back that divides the body into right and left sides is called____.
    Sagittal plane
  36. A study of the functions of living organisms and their parts is called_____.
    Physiology
  37. The thoracic portion of the ventral body cavity is seperated from the abdominopelvic prtion by a muscle called the_______.
    Diaphragm
  38. An organization of varying numbers and kinds of organs arranged together to perform a complex function is called a ______.
    System
  39. The plane that divides superior from inferior is known as the ______plane.
    Transverse.
  40. Which of the following structures does not lie within the abdominal cavity.
    • spleen
    • most of the small intestines
    • Urinary bladder
    • Stomach
  41. Which of the following is an example of an upper abdominal region?
    • Rt. iliac region
    • lft. hypochondriac region
    • lft. lumbar region
    • hypogastric region
  42. The dorsal body cavity contains components of the_____.
    Nervous System
  43. What organ is not found in the pelvic cavity?
    • Bladder
    • Stomach
    • Rectum
    • colon
  44. Similar cells acting together to perform a common function exist at the ________level of organization.
    Tissue
  45. which of the following planes would be considered coronal? A plane that divides the body into:
    Anterior and Posterior portions
  46. If your reference point is " nearest the trunk of the body" rather than "farthest from the trunk of the body", where does the elbow lie in relation to the wrist.
    Proximal
  47. The buttocks are often used as intramuscular injection sites. This region can be called______.
    Gluteal
  48. In the human body, the chest region
    • can be referred to as the thoracic cavity
    • is a component of the ventral body cavity
    • and contains the mediastinum
  49. Which of the following is not a component of the axial subdivision of the body?
    • Upper extremeties
    • Neck
    • Trunk
    • Head
  50. A synonym for medial is
    Midline
  51. ventral
    anterior
  52. skin
    cutaneous
  53. transverse
    horizontal
  54. anatomy
    structure
  55. superficial
    surface
  56. pleural
    lung
  57. appendicular
    extremites
  58. posterior
    back
  59. midsagittal
    equal
  60. system
    respiratory
  61. sytematic approach to discovery is known as the ________ _________.
    Scientific method
  62. A tentative explanation in research is known as a ________.
    hypothesis
  63. the testing of a hypothesis is ________.
    experimentation
  64. a group getting a drug is the _____ ______.
    test group
  65. a group getting a substitute is the ______ ______.
    control group

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