Card Set Information
structure function human body
chapter3 Structure and function of the human body
A component of plasma membrane.
Controls reproduction of the cell
Function in cell reproduction
" Digestive bags"
"Chemical processes and packaging center"
"smooth and rough"
The numerous small structures that function like organs in a cell are called _______.
a procedure performed prior to transplanting an organ from one individual to another is _______ ______.
Fine, hairlike extensions found on the exposed or free surfaces of some cells are called_________.
The process that uses oxygen to break down glucose and other nutrients to release energy required for cellular work is called _____ or ________ _________.
aerobic or cellular respiration.
_________ are usually attached to rough endoplasmic reticulum and produce enzymes and other protein compounds.
The ________ provide energy-releasing chemical reactions that go on continuously.
The organelles that can digest and destroy microbes that invade the cell are called ______.
Mucous is an example of a product manufactured by the ______ _______.
These rod-shaped structures,________ play an important role during cell division.
_______ _______ are threadlike structures made up of proteins and DNA.
The energy required for active transport processes is obtained from:
An example of a passive transport process is
Movement of substances from a region of high concentration to a region of low concentration is known as;
Osmosis the ________of water across a selectively permeable membrane when some of the solutes cannot cross the membrane
______ involves the mpovement of solutes across a selectively permeable membrane by the process of diffusion.
A specialized example of diffusion
______ always occurs down a hydrostatic pressure gradient.
The uphill movement of a substance through a living cell membrane is:
Active transport process
An example of an active transport process is;
An example of a cell that uses phagocytosis is the
white blood cell
A solution that contains a higher concentration of salt than living red blood cells would be:
Simple squamous 1A.
(location) Alveoli of lungs
(Function) Absorption by diffusion of respiratory gases between alveolar air and blood.
Simple Squamous 1B.
( location) Lining of blood and lymphatic vessels
(Function)Absorption by diffusion, filtration, and osmosis
2. Stratified squamous
2A (function) protection
(location) Surface of lining of mouth and esophagus
2B (Function) protection
(location) Surface of the skin
Simple Columnar (function) protection, secretion, absorption.
(location) Surface layer of lining of stomach, intestines, and parts of respiratory tract
(location) Urinary Bladder
Tissue type; Stratified transitional
(location) Surface of lining of trachea
(location) Glands, kidney tubules
(function) secretion, absorption
Areolar (function) connection
(location) between other tissues and organs
(location) under skin
(function) protection, insulation
(location) Tendons; ligaments, fascia scar tissue
(function) flexible but strong connection
(protection) support, protection
(function) firm but flexible support
(location) Part of nasal septum, larynx, rings in trachea and bronchi, disks between vertebrae, external ear
(location) blood vessels
(location) red bone marrow
(function) Blood cell formation
Skeletal (striated voluntary)
(location) muscles that attach to bones, eyeball muscles, upper third of esophagus
(location) wall of heart
(function) contraction of heart
Smooth ( nonstriated involuntary or visceral)
(function) movement of substnces along ducts; change in diameter of pupils and shape of lens; "gooseflesh"
(location)walls of digestive, respiratory, and genitourinary tracts; walls of bllod and large lymphatic vessels; ducts of glands; intrinsic eye muscles; arrector muscles of hair
(location) brain and spinal cord, nerves
(function) Irritability, conduction
what are the phases of Mitosis
1. Interphase 4. anaphase
2. prophase 5. telophase
3. metaphase 6. daughter (interphase)
The internal living material of cells is/are the:
The "protein factories" of the cell are the
The process of enzymes using oxygen to break down glucose and other nutrients to release energy required for cellular work is ____________.
Two of these rod-shaped structures exist in every cell
Adenosine triphosphate is the chemical substance that provides the energy required for:
A solution that contains a lower concentration of salt than living red blood cells would be:
It is the sequence of base pairs in each gene of each chromosone that determines:
The specific and visible stages of a cell division are preceded by a period called:
which of the following is
an example of muscle tissue
Stratified squamous epithelium assists the body by providing:
protection against invasion by miroorganisms
Having an osmotic pressure greater than that of the solution with which it is compared
last stage of mitosis
Energy source for active transport
shriveling of cell due to water withdrawal
ribonucleic acid (abbreveation)
Specialized example of diffusion
first stage of mitosis
occurs when substances scatter themselves evenly throughout an available space.
reproduction process of most cells
chemical "blueprint" of the body (abbreviation)