Flash cards

Card Set Information

Author:
LoriThomas
ID:
94903
Filename:
Flash cards
Updated:
2011-07-31 18:56:56
Tags:
structure function human body
Folders:

Description:
chapter3 Structure and function of the human body
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user LoriThomas on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. A component of plasma membrane.
    cholesterol
  2. Controls reproduction of the cell
    nucleus
  3. "living Matter"
    cytoplasm
  4. Function in cell reproduction
    centrioles
  5. "power plants"
    mitrochondria
  6. " Digestive bags"
    lysosomes
  7. "Chemical processes and packaging center"
    Golgi apparatus
  8. "protein factories"
    Ribosomes
  9. "smooth and rough"
    Endoplasmic reticulum
  10. The numerous small structures that function like organs in a cell are called _______.
    Organelles
  11. a procedure performed prior to transplanting an organ from one individual to another is _______ ______.
    Tissue typing
  12. Fine, hairlike extensions found on the exposed or free surfaces of some cells are called_________.
    Cilia
  13. The process that uses oxygen to break down glucose and other nutrients to release energy required for cellular work is called _____ or ________ _________.
    aerobic or cellular respiration.
  14. _________ are usually attached to rough endoplasmic reticulum and produce enzymes and other protein compounds.
    Ribosomes
  15. The ________ provide energy-releasing chemical reactions that go on continuously.
    mitochondria
  16. The organelles that can digest and destroy microbes that invade the cell are called ______.
    lyosomes
  17. Mucous is an example of a product manufactured by the ______ _______.
    Golgi aparatus
  18. These rod-shaped structures,________ play an important role during cell division.
    Centrioles
  19. _______ _______ are threadlike structures made up of proteins and DNA.
    Chromatin granules
  20. The energy required for active transport processes is obtained from:
    ATP
  21. An example of a passive transport process is
    Diffusion
  22. Movement of substances from a region of high concentration to a region of low concentration is known as;
    passive transport
  23. Osmosis the ________of water across a selectively permeable membrane when some of the solutes cannot cross the membrane
    diffusion
  24. ______ involves the mpovement of solutes across a selectively permeable membrane by the process of diffusion.
    Dialysis
  25. A specialized example of diffusion
    osmosis
  26. ______ always occurs down a hydrostatic pressure gradient.
    Filtration
  27. The uphill movement of a substance through a living cell membrane is:
    Active transport process
  28. An example of an active transport process is;
    • Ion Pump
    • Phagocytosis
    • pinocytosis
  29. An example of a cell that uses phagocytosis is the
    white blood cell
  30. A solution that contains a higher concentration of salt than living red blood cells would be:
    hypertonic
  31. Simple squamous 1A.
    (location) Alveoli of lungs
    (Function) Absorption by diffusion of respiratory gases between alveolar air and blood.
  32. Simple Squamous 1B.
    ( location) Lining of blood and lymphatic vessels
    (Function)Absorption by diffusion, filtration, and osmosis
  33. 2. Stratified squamous
    2A (function) protection
    (location) Surface of lining of mouth and esophagus
  34. Startified Squamous
    2B (Function) protection
    (location) Surface of the skin
  35. Simple Columnar (function) protection, secretion, absorption.
    (location) Surface layer of lining of stomach, intestines, and parts of respiratory tract
  36. (location) Urinary Bladder
    (function) protection
    Tissue type; Stratified transitional
  37. pseudostratified
    (function) protection
    (location) Surface of lining of trachea
  38. Simple cuboidal
    (location) Glands, kidney tubules
    (function) secretion, absorption
  39. Connective
    Areolar (function) connection
    (location) between other tissues and organs
  40. Connective
    (location) under skin
    (function) protection, insulation
    Adipose
  41. Connective
    Dense fibrous
    (location) Tendons; ligaments, fascia scar tissue
    (function) flexible but strong connection
  42. Bone
    (protection) support, protection
    (location) Skeleton
  43. Cartliage
    (function) firm but flexible support
    (location) Part of nasal septum, larynx, rings in trachea and bronchi, disks between vertebrae, external ear
  44. Blood
    (location) blood vessels
    (function) transportation
  45. (location) red bone marrow
    (function) Blood cell formation
    Hemopoietic tissue
  46. Skeletal (striated voluntary)
    (location) muscles that attach to bones, eyeball muscles, upper third of esophagus
  47. (location) wall of heart
    (function) contraction of heart
    Cardiac
  48. Smooth ( nonstriated involuntary or visceral)
    (function) movement of substnces along ducts; change in diameter of pupils and shape of lens; "gooseflesh"
    (location)walls of digestive, respiratory, and genitourinary tracts; walls of bllod and large lymphatic vessels; ducts of glands; intrinsic eye muscles; arrector muscles of hair
  49. nerve cells
    (location) brain and spinal cord, nerves
    (function) Irritability, conduction
  50. what are the phases of Mitosis
    • 1. Interphase 4. anaphase
    • 2. prophase 5. telophase
    • 3. metaphase 6. daughter (interphase)
  51. The internal living material of cells is/are the:
    Cytoplasm
  52. The "protein factories" of the cell are the
    Ribosomes
  53. The process of enzymes using oxygen to break down glucose and other nutrients to release energy required for cellular work is ____________.
    cellular respiration
  54. Two of these rod-shaped structures exist in every cell
    centrioles
  55. Adenosine triphosphate is the chemical substance that provides the energy required for:
    Active transport
  56. A solution that contains a lower concentration of salt than living red blood cells would be:
    hypotonic
  57. It is the sequence of base pairs in each gene of each chromosone that determines:
    heredity
  58. The specific and visible stages of a cell division are preceded by a period called:
    Interphase
  59. which of the following is not an example of muscle tissue
    • smooth
    • skeletal
    • hemopoietic
    • cardiac
  60. Stratified squamous epithelium assists the body by providing:
    protection against invasion by miroorganisms
  61. Having an osmotic pressure greater than that of the solution with which it is compared
    hypertonic
  62. last stage of mitosis
    telophase
  63. cell organ
    organelle
  64. Energy source for active transport
    ATP
  65. Nerve cell
    neuron
  66. shriveling of cell due to water withdrawal
    crenation
  67. fat
    adipose
  68. cartilage cell
    chondrocyte
  69. ribonucleic acid (abbreveation)
    RNA
  70. Specialized example of diffusion
    dialysis
  71. first stage of mitosis
    prophase
  72. occurs when substances scatter themselves evenly throughout an available space.
    diffusion
  73. reproduction process of most cells
    mitosis
  74. chemical "blueprint" of the body (abbreviation)
    DNA

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview