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What is meat made up of?
- Protein-HBV Protein- animal protein
What does fat provide for the body?
Lots of iron, some calcium and vitamin B
Where is fat found in the body?
Fat surrounds the muscle tissue and is also contained within the muscle
What description best fits meat?
Meat is the skeletal muscle of mammals
Only a few mammals are usually used for food on a regular basis.
Name one way that you will be able to identify that meat contains a lot of iron?
The darker the meat, the more iron it contains.
Put these meats in order of which has more iron content (Beef, chicken and pork)
Beef has the most, then its pork and the least iron content comes from the chicken
When we choose the right meat for a dish what does the tenderness of the meat depend on?
- The amount and type of connective tissue there is
- The length and thickness of the muscle fibre (for example the leg muscles are longer and thicker because they have been worked more than the back muscles
What does Marbling mean?
Marbling is a expression to show how or more tender the meat is
How can we make meat more tender?
- Chemical action (marinading the meat)
- Mechanical action (cutting or crushing the meat)
When we are cooking what color does the meat often change to?
Why is undercooked meat tough?
Because it has dried out,
If a meat has a small amount of connective tissue which method of cooking is best?
Grilled or dry cooking
Which is the best method of cooking with meat with lots of connective tissue?
Stews or braising, this keeps the moist heat trapped so it keeps the meat tender
What is offal?
Are internal organs- or off- cuts from the carcass
Name some items of offal?
Liver, kidneys, heart
What is the best cooking speed for offal?
Quick cooking method
True or false
Meat is not a high risk food
What temperature does meat have to be stored at?
What are the cooking temperatures when cooking meat?
above 75 ('C) for 15 seconds
What sort of supplier should you buy the meat from?
Why should mince or cut up meat have more attention (treating with care)?
Because there is more surface area exposed to contamination
Pasta can be dried of fresh
Can be with egg or without
Can be plain or filled
Can be all different shapes and sizes
Fact file: Pasta can be dried of fresh Can be with egg or without Can be plain or filled Can be all different shapes and sizes
Name 2 places where pasta can be made in?
Factories and in the kitchen
What is poultry?
Anything that comes from a bird, like a chicken, turkey, duck, goose etc
What does poultry provide?
Animal protein, water and fat
True and false
Poultry contains less fat and less iron compared to beef, lamb and pork
Poultry animals are more tender because...?
They have shorter fibres than meat so are more tender
Where in the fridge should poultry be stored?
they should be stored in the lower shelf of a fridge when raw and when cooked should be placed in a different shelf
Chicken can be quite bland and dry, name some ways of changing this?
A accompaniment such as stuffing, a sauce like a gravy, curry or wine sauce and potentially could be coated in breadcrumbs to make it moist
What is a game?
Game are animals and birds protected by game laws
Why is game usually hung from a few days to 20 days?
You leave the game for a period of time so the enzymes soften the muscle fibre, they have led a active life so its usually tough
What are the 3 main hot beverages?
Hot chocolate, coffee and tea
What does hot chocolate provide?
Hot chocolate provides minerals such as iron. calcium, magnesium and potassium, as well as antioxidants
What does tea provide for our bodies?
Tea provides fluoride
What does coffee provide for the body?
Coffee provides useful amounts of nicotine acid and vitamin B
Black tea is fully fermented
Green tea is not fermented
Oolong tea is semi fermented
- Fact file
- Black tea is fully fermented
- Green tea is not fermented
- Oolong tea is semi fermented
What are the three types of dried green coffee beans?
- Robusta- are the basic coffee and mostly grown in Vietman
- Arabaica are more expensive and give a smooth taste
- Also decaffeinated
What is the taste and flavour depend on when your dealing with coffee beans?
Its dependent on how long the coffee beans have been roasted
What are cereals used for?
- grains- crushed for porridge etc
- Whole for rice etc
- Breakfast cereal
- and flours like pasta, noodles baked products etc