Antidotes

Card Set Information

Author:
AstephZ
ID:
95107
Filename:
Antidotes
Updated:
2011-07-25 00:22:29
Tags:
Drugs
Folders:

Description:
Toxin & Antidotes
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  1. Acetaminophen
    N-Acetylcysteine
  2. Acid/alkali ingestion
    Upper Endoscopy to evaluate for stricture
  3. Anticholinesterases, organophosphates
    Atropine, Pralidoxime
  4. Antimuscarinic/anticholinergic agents
    Physostigmine
  5. Arsenic, Mercury, Gold
    Succimer, dimercaprol
  6. Beta-blockers
    glucagon
  7. Barbiturates (phenobarbital)
    urine alkalinzation, dialysis, activated charcoal, supportive care
  8. Benzodiazepines
    Flumazenil (can precipitate withdrawal)
  9. Black Widow bite
    Calcium gluconate, methocarbamol
  10. Carbon Monoxide
    100% O2, Hyperbaric O2
  11. Copper, Arsenic, Lead, Gold
    Penicillamine
  12. cyanide
    Amyl nitrate, sodium nitrate, sodium thiosulfate
  13. Digitalis
    Normalize K+ but avoid giving Ca++, Mg++, or lidocaine (for torsades), antidigitalis Fab
  14. Heparine
    Protamine sulfate
  15. INH
    Pyridoxine
  16. iron salts
    Deferoxamine
  17. Lead
    Succimer, CaEDTA, dimercaprol
  18. Methanol, ethylene glycol (antifreeze)
    EtOh, fomepizole, dialysis, calcium gluconate for ethylene glycol
  19. methemoglobin
    Methylene blue
  20. opioids
    naloxone
  21. Salicylates
    Urine alkalination, dialysis, activated charcoal
  22. TCAs
    • sodium bicarbonate for QRS prolongation
    • diazepam or lorazepam for seizures
    • Cardiac monitor for arrhythmias
  23. theophylline
    activated charcoal, consider repeat doses
  24. tPA, streptokinase
    Aminocaproic acid
  25. Warfarin
    Vitamin K, FFP

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