McConner Quiz 2

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  1. 1. What are the modifications of the muscularis externa that is seen on the large intestine?

    A. Crypts of Lieberkuhn
    B. Villi
    C. Teniae coli
    D. Striated border
    E. Plicae circulares
    C. Teniae coli
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. 2. What is the primary cell of the intestinal epithelium of the large intestine?

    A. Parietal cells
    B. Goblet cell
    C. Chief cells
    D. Columnar absorptive cell
    E. Paneth cells
    D. Columnar absorptive cell
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. 3. The stomach chemically digests protein using pepsin and HCl. It physically churns the food using three layers of muscles, oblique muscle, circular muscle and ____.

    A. muscularis mucosa
    B. gastric pits
    C. submucosa
    D. longitudinal muscle
    D. longitudinal muscle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. 4. What are microvilli called that are seen in the small intestine?

    A. Striated border
    B. Crypts of Lieberkuhn
    C. Plicae circulares
    D. Villi
    E. Lacteal
    A. Striated border
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. 5. Which of the following is not a region of the small intestine?

    A. Ileum
    B. Jejunun
    C. Cecum
    D. Duodenum
    C. Cecum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. 6. What type of tissue lines most of the gastrointestinal tract?

    A. Transitional epithelium
    B. Simple columnar epithelium
    C. Simple squamous epithelium
    D. Simple cuboidal epithelium
    E. Stratified squamous epithelium
    B. Simple columnar epithelium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. 7. The Gastric glands of the stomach consist of mucous cells, chief cells, parietal cells and______________.

    A. exocrine cells
    B. endocrine cells
    C. hepatic cells
    D. tolar cells
    B. endocrine cells
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. 8. The ________cells control intestinal microbial flora by secreting lysozyme to destroy the cell walls of bacteria.

    A. endocrine cells
    B. crypts of Lieberkuhn
    C. goblet cells
    D. paneth cells
    D. paneth cells
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. 9. The large intestines do not contain:

    A. endocrine cells
    B. crypts
    C. villi
    D. mucosa
    C. villi
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. 10. Which layer contains the lining epithelium?

    A. Muscularis externa
    B. Sub mucosa
    C. Adventitia
    D. Mucosa
    E. Serosa
    D. Mucosa
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. 11. The predominant epithelial cell of the small intestines is

    A. Paneth cells
    B. Goblet cells
    C. Enteroendocrine cells
    B. Goblet cells
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. 12. Goblet cells are responsible for all of the following except:

    A. Second most abundant epithelial cell
    B. Stains gram positive
    C. Contains a nucleus and organelles
    D. Secrete mucous containing glycoproteins
    B. Stains gram positive
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. 13. Which of the following is not related to the large intestine?

    A. Transverse rectum
    B. Iliocecal junction
    C. Anus
    D. Taenia coli
    E. Jejunum
    E. Jejunum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. 14. Which of the following cellular structures increase surface area of the interior surface of the small intestine to increase absorption of nutrients?

    A. lamina propria
    B. Cell wall
    C. Plicae circulares
    D. Flagella
    C. Plicae circulares
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. 15. Which of the following organs has a mucosa lined by non-keratinized stratified squamous epithelium?

    A. Small intestine
    B. Large intestinee. Rectum
    C. Esophagus
    D. Stomach
    C. Esophagus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. 16. What do you call a tissue composed of a conglomeration of cells which are tightly packed together, yet which does not have a free surface? An example of such a tissue would be the parenchyma of the adrenal gland.

    A. Transitional
    B. Endothelium
    C. Pseudostratified
    D. Epithelioid tissue
    E. Mesothelium
    D. Epithelioid tissue
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. 17. What is another term for the intestinal glands?

    A. Striated border
    B. Plicae circulares
    C. Lacteal
    D. Crypts of Lieberkuhn
    E. Villi
    D. Crypts of Lieberkuhn
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. 18. What type of epithelium is composed of flat cells?

    A. Columnar
    B. Stratified
    C. Simple
    D. Cuboidal
    E. Squamous
    E. Squamous
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. 19. What is the outer layer of the GI tract called when it is abutting another organ?

    A. Adventitia
    B. Sub mucosa
    C. Mucosa
    D. Serosa
    E. Muscularis externa
    A. Adventitia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. 20. What type of epithelium is more than one layer thick?

    A. Stratified
    B. Squamous
    C. Columnar
    D. Cuboidal
    E. Simple
    A. Stratified
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. 21. All of the following statements about the inguinal canal are correct EXCEPT?

    a. it begins at the deep ring
    b. its superficial ring lies above the pubic crest
    c. it contains the spermatic cord and ilioinguinal nerve in the male
    d. it is 5 inches long
    d. it is 5 inches long (4cm long)
  22. 22) All of the following statements about the spermatic cord are correct EXCEPT?

    A) it contains the epididymis
    B) it contains the testicular artery and the pampiniform plexus of veins
    C) its cremasteric fascia and muscle are derived from the internal oblique muscle
    D) it has three fascial coverings
    A) it contains the epididymis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. 23) All of the following statements about the stomach are correct EXCEPT?

    A) it is J-shaped
    B) it is supplied by branches of the superior mesenteric artery
    C) it is supplied by branches of the anterior and posterior vagal nerves
    D) it is derived from the foregut
    B) it is supplied by branches of the superior mesenteric artery
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. 24) All of the following arteries supply the stomach EXCEPT?

    A) left gastric artery
    B) right gastro-omental artery
    C) short gastric artery
    D) proper hepatic artery
    D) proper hepatic artery
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. 25) All of the following statements about the first part of the duodenum are correct EXCEPT?

    A) it is the commonest site for duodenal peptic ulcers
    B) it is supplied by the inferior pancreatico-duodenal artery
    C) it is intra-peritoneal
    D) it is 2 inches long
    B) it is supplied by the inferior pancreatico-duodenal artery
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. 26) Which of the following structures is NOT found in the free edge of the lesser omentum?
    A) gastroduodenal artery
    B) portal vein
    C) proper hepatic artery
    D) common bile duct
    A) gastroduodenal artery
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. 27) Which of the following is not useful in differentiating the large from the small intestines?

    A) the presence of plica circularis
    B) the presence of haustra
    C) the presence of tenia coli
    D) the presence of omental appendices
    A) the presence of plica circularis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. 28) All of the following statements about the small intestine are correct EXCEPT?

    A) the ileum has less plica circulares
    B) both the jejunum and ileum are supplied by the superior mesenteric artery
    C) the jejunum and ileum are equal in length
    D) the jejunum has a larger diameter than the ileum
    C) the jejunum and ileum are equal in length
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. 29) All of the following statements about the lymphatic drainage of the large intestine are correct EXCEPT?

    A) lymphatic vessels drain from the colic nodes to the inferior or superior mesenteric nodes
    B) the lymphatic vessels travel along the arteries
    C) lymphatic vessels from the precolic nodes drain first to the colic nodes
    D) all of the lymphatic drainage of the large intestines drains to the liver
    D) all of the lymphatic drainage of the large intestines drains to the liver
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. 30. What type of histological tissue is the appendix composed of?

    A. Stratified squamous
    B. Transitional Epithelium
    C. Lymphoepithelial
    D. Columnar
    C. Lymphoepithelial
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. 31. Best describes the boundaries of the abdomen.
    • Superiorly - Thoracic diaphram
    • Inferiorly - Pelvic brim
    • Anteriorly - Anterior abdominal wall
    • Posteriorly - Posterior abdominal wall & Lumbar vertebrae
  32. 32. Contents of the Rectus Sheath.
    • Rectus abdominis
    • Pyramidalis
    • Superior/Inferior Epigastric vessels
    • Ventral rami of T7-T12
  33. Describes a dermatome.
    Specific area of skin that is supplied by cutaneous branches of a particular spinal nerve.
  34. The nine regions of the abdomen.
    • Right/Left iliac fossa
    • Right/Left lumbar
    • Hypogastrium (suprapubic)
    • Peri-umbilical
    • Epigastrium
    • Right/Left Hypochondrium
  35. Organ systems found in the abdomen.
    • Gastrointestinal system
    • Genito-urinary system
  36. List the six layers of the abdomen from superficial to deep.
    • Skin
    • Superfiscial fascia
    • Muscular layer
    • Transversalis fascia
    • Extraperitoneal fat
    • Parietal peritoneum
  37. Nerves that innervating the skin over the anterior abdominal wall.
    • Subcostal nerve
    • Iliohypogastric
    • Ilioinguinal
    • The lower 5 intercostal nerves
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McConner Quiz 2
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McConner Quiz 2
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