McConner Quiz 2

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McConner Quiz 2
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2011-07-26 05:13:06
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McConner Quiz 2
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  1. 1. What are the modifications of the muscularis externa that is seen on the large intestine?

    A. Villi
    B. Plicae circulares
    C. Striated border
    D. Crypts of Lieberkuhn
    E. Teniae coli
    E. Teniae coli
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. 2. What is the primary cell of the intestinal epithelium of the large intestine?

    A. Columnar absorptive cell
    B. Paneth cells
    C. Goblet cell
    D. Chief cells
    E. Parietal cells
    A. Columnar absorptive cell
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. 3. The stomach chemically digests protein using pepsin and HCl. It physically churns the food using three layers of muscles, oblique muscle, circular muscle and ____.

    A. muscularis mucosa
    B. gastric pits
    C. longitudinal muscle
    D. submucosa
    C. longitudinal muscle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. 4. What are microvilli called that are seen in the small intestine?

    A. Lacteal
    B. Crypts of Lieberkuhn
    C. Plicae circulares
    D. Villi
    E. Striated border
    E. Striated border
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. 5. Which of the following is not a region of the small intestine?

    A. Jejunun
    B. Ileum
    C. Duodenum
    D. Cecum
    D. Cecum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. 6. What type of tissue lines most of the gastrointestinal tract?

    A. Simple columnar epithelium
    B. Simple squamous epithelium
    C. Simple cuboidal epithelium
    D. Transitional epithelium
    E. Stratified squamous epithelium
    A. Simple columnar epithelium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. 7. The Gastric glands of the stomach consist of mucous cells, chief cells, parietal cells and______________.

    A. tolar cells
    B. endocrine cells
    C. exocrine cells
    D. hepatic cells
    B. endocrine cells
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. 8. The ________cells control intestinal microbial flora by secreting lysozyme to destroy the cell walls of bacteria.

    A. crypts of Lieberkuhn
    B. goblet cells
    C. paneth cells
    D. endocrine cells
    C. paneth cells
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. 9. The large intestines do not contain:

    A. crypts
    B. villi
    C. mucosa
    D. endocrine cells
    B. villi
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. 10. Which layer contains the lining epithelium?

    A. Sub mucosa
    B. Serosa
    C. Mucosa
    D. Muscularis externa
    E. Adventitia
    C. Mucosa
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. 11. The predominant epithelial cell of the small intestines is

    A. Goblet cells
    B. Paneth cells
    C. Enteroendocrine cells
    A. Goblet cells
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. 12. Goblet cells are responsible for all of the following except:

    A. Stains gram positive
    B. Second most abundant epithelial cell
    C. Secrete mucous containing glycoproteins
    D. Contains a nucleus and organelles
    A. Stains gram positive
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. 13. Which of the following is not related to the large intestine?

    A. Taenia coli
    B. Jejunum
    C. Iliocecal junction
    D. Transverse rectum
    E. Anus
    B. Jejunum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. 14. Which of the following cellular structures increase surface area of the interior surface of the small intestine to increase absorption of nutrients?

    A. lamina propria
    B. Plicae circulares
    C. Cell wall
    D. Flagella
    B. Plicae circulares
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. 15. Which of the following organs has a mucosa lined by non-keratinized stratified squamous epithelium?

    A. Stomach
    B. Esophagus
    C. Large intestinee. Rectum
    D. Small intestine
    B. Esophagus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. 16. What do you call a tissue composed of a conglomeration of cells which are tightly packed together, yet which does not have a free surface? An example of such a tissue would be the parenchyma of the adrenal gland.

    A. Pseudostratified
    B. Endothelium
    C. Mesothelium
    D. Transitional
    E. Epithelioid tissue
    E. Epithelioid tissue
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. 17. What is another term for the intestinal glands?

    A. Crypts of Lieberkuhn
    B. Striated border
    C. Villi
    D. Plicae circulares
    E. Lacteal
    A. Crypts of Lieberkuhn
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. 18. What type of epithelium is composed of flat cells?

    A. Squamous
    B. Columnar
    C. Cuboidal
    D. Stratified
    E. Simple
    A. Squamous
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. 19. What is the outer layer of the GI tract called when it is abutting another organ?

    A. Sub mucosa
    B. Muscularis externa
    C. Serosa
    D. Adventitia
    E. Mucosa
    D. Adventitia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. 20. What type of epithelium is more than one layer thick?

    A. Cuboidal
    B. Columnar
    C. Simple
    D. Stratified
    E. Squamous
    D. Stratified
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. 21. All of the following statements about the inguinal canal are correct EXCEPT?

    a. it begins at the deep ring
    b. its superficial ring lies above the pubic crest
    c. it contains the spermatic cord and ilioinguinal nerve in the male
    d. it is 5 inches long
    d. it is 5 inches long (4cm long)
  22. 22) All of the following statements about the spermatic cord are correct EXCEPT?

    A) it has three fascial coverings
    B) its cremasteric fascia and muscle are derived from the internal oblique muscle
    C) it contains the epididymis
    D) it contains the testicular artery and the pampiniform plexus of veins
    C) it contains the epididymis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. 23) All of the following statements about the stomach are correct EXCEPT?

    A) it is J-shaped
    B) it is derived from the foregut
    C) it is supplied by branches of the superior mesenteric artery
    D) it is supplied by branches of the anterior and posterior vagal nerves
    C) it is supplied by branches of the superior mesenteric artery
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. 24) All of the following arteries supply the stomach EXCEPT?

    A) right gastro-omental artery
    B) short gastric artery
    C) left gastric artery
    D) proper hepatic artery
    D) proper hepatic artery
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. 25) All of the following statements about the first part of the duodenum are correct EXCEPT?

    A) it is intra-peritoneal
    B) it is the commonest site for duodenal peptic ulcers
    C) it is supplied by the inferior pancreatico-duodenal artery
    D) it is 2 inches long
    C) it is supplied by the inferior pancreatico-duodenal artery
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. 26) Which of the following structures is NOT found in the free edge of the lesser omentum?
    A) gastroduodenal artery
    B) common bile duct
    C) proper hepatic artery
    D) portal vein
    A) gastroduodenal artery
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. 27) Which of the following is not useful in differentiating the large from the small intestines?

    A) the presence of haustra
    B) the presence of omental appendices
    C) the presence of plica circularis
    D) the presence of tenia coli
    C) the presence of plica circularis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. 28) All of the following statements about the small intestine are correct EXCEPT?

    A) the jejunum and ileum are equal in length
    B) the ileum has less plica circulares
    C) both the jejunum and ileum are supplied by the superior mesenteric artery
    D) the jejunum has a larger diameter than the ileum
    A) the jejunum and ileum are equal in length
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. 29) All of the following statements about the lymphatic drainage of the large intestine are correct EXCEPT?

    A) lymphatic vessels from the precolic nodes drain first to the colic nodes
    B) lymphatic vessels drain from the colic nodes to the inferior or superior mesenteric nodes
    C) all of the lymphatic drainage of the large intestines drains to the liver
    D) the lymphatic vessels travel along the arteries
    C) all of the lymphatic drainage of the large intestines drains to the liver
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. 30. What type of histological tissue is the appendix composed of?

    A. Stratified squamous
    B. Transitional Epithelium
    C. Columnar
    D. Lymphoepithelial
    D. Lymphoepithelial
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. 31. Best describes the boundaries of the abdomen.
    • Superiorly - Thoracic diaphram
    • Inferiorly - Pelvic brim
    • Anteriorly - Anterior abdominal wall
    • Posteriorly - Posterior abdominal wall & Lumbar vertebrae
  32. 32. Contents of the Rectus Sheath.
    • Rectus abdominis
    • Pyramidalis
    • Superior/Inferior Epigastric vessels
    • Ventral rami of T7-T12
  33. Describes a dermatome.
    Specific area of skin that is supplied by cutaneous branches of a particular spinal nerve.
  34. The nine regions of the abdomen.
    • Right/Left iliac fossa
    • Right/Left lumbar
    • Hypogastrium (suprapubic)
    • Peri-umbilical
    • Epigastrium
    • Right/Left Hypochondrium
  35. Organ systems found in the abdomen.
    • Gastrointestinal system
    • Genito-urinary system
  36. List the six layers of the abdomen from superficial to deep.
    • Skin
    • Superfiscial fascia
    • Muscular layer
    • Transversalis fascia
    • Extraperitoneal fat
    • Parietal peritoneum
  37. Nerves that innervating the skin over the anterior abdominal wall.
    • Subcostal nerve
    • Iliohypogastric
    • Ilioinguinal
    • The lower 5 intercostal nerves

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