biology

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Author:
xodorkydancerox
ID:
9521
Filename:
biology
Updated:
2010-03-07 19:37:47
Tags:
section 4
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Description:
protein synthesis
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The flashcards below were created by user xodorkydancerox on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. rna
    nucleic acid that acts as an intermediate between gene and protein
  2. transription
    dna acts as a template for rna
  3. translation
    rna helps in the production of protein
  4. protein synthesis
    forming proteins based on dna information and carried out by rna
  5. ribose
    sugar in rna
  6. mRNA
    tRNA
    rRNA
    • -single stranded rna molecule that carries instruction from gene to make a protein
    • -transfers amino acids to the ribosome to make a protein
    • -part of the structure of ribosomes
  7. rna polymerase
    enzyme that catalyzes the formation of rna on a dna template, binds to a promoter
  8. promoter
    specific nucleotide sequence of dna where rna polymerase binds and initians transcription, the polymerase then continues on to unwind the dna strands
  9. termination signal
    specific sequence of nucleotides that signals stop to rna polymerase, releasing the dna and newly made rna
  10. codon
    three-nucleotide sequence in mrna that encodes an amino acid or signifies a start or stop signal
  11. anticodon
    three nucleotides on the rna that are cmplementary to the sequence of a codon in mrna
  12. genome
    the complete genetic content

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