Chapter 10: Nervous System; Psychiatric Terms: Diagnostic Terms

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Chapter 10: Nervous System; Psychiatric Terms: Diagnostic Terms
2011-07-26 18:32:05
medterm ch10 quiz4

Quiz 4
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  1. major depression/major depressive illness/clinical depression/major affective disorder/unipolar disorder
    disorder causing periodic disturbances in mood that affect concentration, sleep, activity, appetite, and social behavior; characterized by feelings of worthlessness, fatigue, and loss of interest
  2. dysthymia
    milder affective disorder characterized by a chronic depression persisting for at least 2 years
  3. manic depression/bipolar disorder (BD)
    affective disorder characterized by mood swings of mania and depression (extreme up and down states)
  4. seasonal affective disorder (SAD)
    affective disorder marked by episodes of depression that most often occur during the fall and winter and remit in the spring
  5. generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)
    most common anxiety disorder, characterized by chronic, excessive, and uncontrollable worry about everyday problems that affects the ability to relax or concentrate but does not usually interfere with social interactions or employment; physical symptoms include muscle tension, tembling, twitching, fatigue, headaches, nausea, and incomnia - symptoms must exist for at least 6 months before a diagnosis can be made
  6. panic disorder (PD)
    disorder of sudden, recurrent attacks of intense feelings including physical symptoms that mimic a heart attack such as rapid heart rate, chest pain, shortness of breath, chills, sweating, and dizziness, with a general sense of loss of control or feeling that death if imminent; often progresses to agoraphobia
  7. phobia
    exaggerated fear of a specific object or circumstance that causes anxiety and panic
  8. posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
    condition resulting from an extremely traumatic experience, injury, or illness that leaves the sufferer with persistent thoughts and memories of the ordeal; symptoms include feelings of fear, detachment, exaggerated startle response, restlessness, nightmares, and avoidance of anything or anyone who triggers the painful recollections
  9. obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
    anxiety disorder featuring unwanted, senseless obsessions accompanied by repeated compulsions, which can interfere with all aspects of a person's daily life
  10. hypochondriasis
    preoccupation with thoughts of disease and concern that one is suffering from a serious condition that persists despite medical reassurance to the contrary
  11. autism
    developmental disability commonly appearing during the first 3 years of life, resulting from a neurological disorder affecting brain function, evidenced by difficulties with verbal and nonverbal communication, and an inability to relate to anything beyond oneself in social interactions; individuals with autism often exhibit body movements such as rocking, repetitive hand movements, and commonly become preoccupied with observing parts of small objects or moving parts or performing meaningless rituals
  12. dyslexia
    developmental disability characterized by a difficulty understanding written or spoken words, sentences, or paragraphs, affecting reading, spelling and self-expression
  13. attenion-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
    dysfunction characterized by consistent hyperactivity, distractability, and lack of control over impulses, which interferes with the ability to function normally at school, home, or work
  14. mental retardation
    condition of subaverage intelligence characterized by an IQ or 70 or below, resulting in the inability to adapt to normal social activities
  15. anorexia nervosa
    severe disturbance in eating behavior caused by abnormal perceptions about one's body weight, evidenced by an overwhelming fear of becoming fat that results in a refusal to eat and body weight well below normal
  16. bulimia nervosa
    eating disorder characterized by binge eating followed by efforts to limit digestion through induced vomitting, use of laxatives, or excessive exercise
  17. substance abuse disorders
    mental disorders resulting from abuse of substances such as drugs, alcohol, or other toxins causing personal and social dysfunction; identified by the abused substance
  18. schizophrenia
    disease of brain chemistry causing a distorted cognitive and emotional perception of one's environment characterized by a broad range of "positive" and "negative" symptoms

    positive symptoms include distortions of normal function

    negative symptoms including flat affect, apathy, and withdrawal from reality
  19. disorganized schizophrenia
    featuring disorganized speech, behavior, and flat or inappropriate affect
  20. catatonic schizophrenia
    featuring catatonia
  21. paranoid schizophrenia
    featuring delusions, most often persecutory or grandiose types
  22. schizoaffective disorder
    concurrent with major depression or manic depression