Chapter 9: Respiratory System; Symptomatic Terms

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pugluv01
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95358
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Chapter 9: Respiratory System; Symptomatic Terms
Updated:
2011-07-26 23:09:39
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medterm ch9 quiz4
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Quiz 4
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  1. eupnea
    normal breathing
  2. bradypnea
    slow breathing
  3. tachypnea
    fast breathing
  4. hypopnea
    shallow breathing
  5. hyperpnea
    deep breathing
  6. dyspnea
    difficulty breathing
  7. apnea
    inabiliy to breathe
  8. orothopnea
    ability to breathe only in an upright position
  9. Cheyne-Stokes respiration
    patterns of breathing characterized by a gradual increase of depth and sometimes rate to a maximum level, followed by a decrease, resulting in apnea
  10. crackles/rales
    popping sounds heard on auscultation of the lung when air enters diseased airways and alveoli
  11. wheezes/rhonchi
    high-pitched, musical sounds heard on auscultation of the lung as air flows through a narrowed airway
  12. stridor
    a high-pitched crowing sound that is a sign of obstruction in the upper airway
  13. caseous necrosis
    degeneration and death of tissue with a cheese-like appearance
  14. dysphonia
    hoarseness
  15. epistaxis
    nosebleed
  16. expectoration
    coughing up and spitting out of material from the lungs
  17. sputum
    material expelled from the lungs by coughing
  18. hemoptysis
    coughing up and spitting out blood originating in the lungs
  19. hypercapnia/hypercarbia
    excessive level of carbon dioxide in the blood
  20. hyperventilation
    excessive movement of air in and out of the lungs causing hypocapnia
  21. hypoventilation
    deficient movement of air in and out of the lungs causing hypercapnia
  22. hypoxemia
    deficient amount of oxygen in the blood
  23. hypoxia
    deficient amount of oxygen in tissue cells
  24. obstructive lung disorder
    condition blocking the flow of air moving out of the lungs
  25. restrictive lung disorder
    condition limiting the intake of air into the lungs
  26. pulmonary edema
    fluid filling of the spaces around the alveoli, eventually flooding into the alveoli
  27. pulmonary infiltrate
    density on an x-ray representing solid material within the air spaces of the lungs, usually indicating inflammatory changes
  28. rhinorrhea
    thin, watery discharge from the nose

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