BIOL 189 Final - Deck 2
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BIOL 189 Final - Deck 2
Deck 2 study cards for the final BIOL 189 CSN
What two functional groups combine to form an amino acid?
an amino group and a carboxyl group
Monosaccharides are multiples of what molecule?
In what organisms would you find cellulose?
How does cellulose contribute to the human diet?
in the form of insoluble fiber
Which type of fat will have double bonds in it's fatty acid tail, saturated or unsaturated?
Do saturated fats have straight, or bent tails?
This type of fat has bent fatty acid tails.
unsaturated fatty acids
Will saturated fats be liquid, or solid at room temperature?
Will unsatured fats be liquid, or solid at room temperature?
What are the four primary functions of the cell membrane, as discussed in lecture?
physical isolation of environments
regulation of exchange
sensitivity to environment
What is diffusion?
the movement of solutes from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration
Moving a liquid across a
membrane leaving behind larger particles is known as:
What is osmosis?
the diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrane
The main tenet of osmosis is that water will follow:
How does osmotic pressure affect osmosis?
the higher the pressure, the less osmosis can occur
What is a hypertonic solution?
a solution with a higher concentration of solutes
What is a hypotonic solution?
a solution with a lower concentration of solutes
A solution with an equal concentration of solutes is said to be a _________ solution.
What will happen to a red blood cell in an isotonic solution.
nothing, it will exhibit no net movement of water
What will happen to a red blood cell in a hypotonic solution?
water will move into the cell, causing cell lysis
A red blood cell that is undergoing crenation is most likely in what type of solution?
What does a symport do?
it moves two solutes across the cell membrane in the same direction
A channel in the cell membrane that moves two solutes in opposite directions is called a/an:
The process that brings "stuff" inside a cell is known as:
The process that takes "stuff" out of the cell is known as:
Pinocytosis can be thought of as:
Phagocytosis is the process of:
What is/are the functions of ribosomes?
they are the location of protein synthesis
List the structures that comprise the
What are the three major functions of the smooth endoplasmic reticulum discussed in lecture?
fat or lipid synthesis
What are the two major function of the rough endoplasmic reticulum that were discussed in lecture?
make components of the cellular membrane
Which side of the Golgi apparatus faces the endoplasmic reticulum?
the cis side
The side of the Golgi apparatus that faces the plasma membrane is known as the:
What is the function of the Golgi apparatus?
it is the processing, packaging, and distribution center of the cell
What type of vesicle leaves the ER headed for the Golgi?
a transport vesicle
The Golgi dispatches materials bound for the plasma membrane in what type of vesicle?
a secretory vesicle
What is the function of mitochondria?
site of ATP synthesis
What is the equation that represents cellular respiration?
O + ATP
Does oxidation involve the gain or loss of electrons?
the gain of electrons
Reduction results in a _____ of electrons.
What is/are the beginning substrates of glycolysis?
What is/are the beginning substrates of the transition reaction?
What are the beginning substrates of the Krebs cycle?
What are the beginning substrates of oxidative phosphorylation?
What are the end products of glycolysis?
What are the end products of the transistion reaction?
What are the end products of the Krebs cycle?
What is/are the end products of oxidative phosphorylation?
Which two phases of cellular respiration each produce two ATP?
glycolysis and the Krebs cycle
How many ATP are produced during the transition reaction?
Oxidative phosphorylation produces how many ATP?
What are the byproducts of glycolysis?
What are the byproducts of the transition reaction?
What are the byproducts of the Krebs cycle?
What are the byproducts of oxidative phosphorylation?