chapter 8.txt

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paticakes
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95372
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chapter 8.txt
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2011-07-27 01:42:49
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chapter humanistic approach social cognitive personality
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chapter 8 humanistic approach and social cognitive approach to personality
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  1. what is personality?
    persons internally based characteristic ways of acting and thinking
  2. what are the 3 main elements in freudian classical psychoanalytic theaory?
    different levels of awareness with emphasis on role of unconscious, dynamic interplay between 3 parts of personality-id, ego, superego, and pychosexual state theory of personality development
  3. what are the 3 levels of awareness according to freud?
    conscious mind, preconscious mind, and unconscious mind
  4. what is conscious mind?
    what you are presently aware of
  5. what is peconscious mind?
    part of iceberg just beneath the surface what is stored in your emory that you are not presently avare of but can access ( long term memory)
  6. what is unconscious mind?
    part of our mind that we cannot freely access. Fraud believed this area contained the primacy motivation for all of our actions, and feeling, including biological instinctial drives, and repressed unconditiable thoughts, memories and feelings
  7. what did fraud devide the personality structure into?
    id, ego, and superego
  8. what is id?
    origional personality, the only part of present at birth, and part of which the other 2 parts of our personality emerge (life instincts, and death instints)
  9. what is ego?
    starts developing during the first year or so of life to find realistic outles for the id's needs. funtions as manager or executive of personality
  10. what is superego?
    represents ones conscience and idealized standards of behavior. tells ego how to act and spans all levels of awareness
  11. what are the 7 defense machanisms?
    repression, regression, dispacement, sublimation, reaction formation, projection, rationalization
  12. what is repression?
    unknowingly placing an unplasant memory or thought in the unconscious. ( not remembering a traumatic incident in which you witnessed a crime)
  13. what is regression?
    reverting back to immature behavior from an earlier stage of development (throwing temper tantures as an adult when you dont get your way)
  14. what is dispacement?
    redirecting unnacceptable feelings from the origional sourse to a saber, sub agent (taking your anger toward your boss out on your spouse or children)
  15. what is sublimation?
    replacing socially unacceptable impuses with socially acceptable behavior (chameling agressive drives into playing football or sexual desires into art)
  16. what is reastion formation?
    acting in exactly the opposite way to ones unnocaptable impulses (being overly prtective of and lavashing attention on unwanted children)
  17. what is projection?
    attirbuting ones own unnacceptable feelings and thoughs to others and not yourself ( accusing boyfriend of cheeting on you becasue you have felt like cheeting on him)
  18. what is rationalization?
    creating fasle excuesses for ones unnaceptable feelings, thoughs or behavior (justifying cheeting on an exam by saying that everyone else is cheats.
  19. what 2 key concepts does freuds psychosexual stage theory contain?
    erogeneous zone, fixation
  20. what is erogeous zone?
    are of the body where the ids pleasure seeking psychic energy is focused during a particular stage of psychosexual develpment
  21. what is fixation?
    occurs when a partion of the ids pleasure seeking energy rmeains in a stage because of excessive gratification or frustrastion of our instinctual needs druring that stage of development
  22. what are the 5 stages of personality development by fraud and list erogenous zone for each?
    oral (mouth, lips, and tongue)(sucking bitting and chewing, anal (anus) bowel retention and elimination, phallic (genitals) identiying with same sex parent to born gender role and sense of normality, latency (no erogenous zone) cognitive and social development, genital (genitals) development of sexual relationship, moving toward intimate adult relationships.
  23. what is learned helpnessness?
    sense of hopelessness in which a person thinks he is unable to prevent oversive events.
  24. what is self serving bias?
    tencdency to move attributins so that one can perceive onself favorably
  25. What is hans eysencks three traits theory?
    extroversion-intorversion, neuroticsm-emotional stability, and psychoticism impulse control
  26. what is extraversion-introversion?
    extravers are outgoing people with lots of friends, introverts are those who are quiet-tend to avoid social interaction
  27. what is neuroticsm-emotional stability?
    high in neuroticism tend to be overly anxious, emotioanlly unstable, and easily upset. low tend to be calm and emotionaly stable.
  28. what is psychoticism impulse control trait?
    concerned with agressiveness, impusiveness, empathy and antisocial behavior.
  29. What are the big 5 traits by Robert McCral and Paul Costa?
    Openness, conscientiousness, exraversion, agreeableness, and neuraticism
  30. What is openness?
    high=independent, imaginative, broad interest, receptive to new ideas, low=conforming, practival, narrow interests, closed to new ideas
  31. what is conscientiousness?
    high=well organized, dependable, careful, discipline,low=disorganized, undependible, careless, impulsive
  32. what is extraversion?
    high+sociable, talkative, friendly, adventurous, low=reclusive, quit, aloaf, cautious
  33. what is agreeableness?
    high=sympathetic, polite, good-natural, soft hearted, low= tough-minded, rude, iroutable, ruthless
  34. what is neuroticsm?
    high=emotional, insecure, nervous, self-pitying low=calm, secure, relaxed, self-satisfying
  35. what is the hiarchy of needs?
    motivational component in maslows theory of personality in which our inmate needs that motivate our behaviour are hierarchically arranged in pyramid shape. From bottom to top the needs are physiological, safety, belonging and love, esteem, and self actualization
  36. what is banduras theory of personality?
    proposes that the behavior that define ones prosonality are a product of a persons self system.
  37. what is self system?
    set of cognitive processes by which a person observes, evaluates, and regulates her behavior.

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