Chapter 17: Female Reproductive System; Operative Terms

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Chapter 17: Female Reproductive System; Operative Terms
2011-07-27 14:40:51
medterm ch17 quiz8

Quiz 8
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  1. adhesiolysis
    breaking down or severing of pelvic adhesions
  2. cervical conization
    removal of a cone-shaped portion of the cervix
  3. colporrhaphy
    suture to repair the vagina
  4. anterior repair
    repair of a cystocele
  5. posterior repair
    repair of a rectocele
  6. A & P repair
    anterior and posterior repair of a cystocele and rectocele
  7. cryosurgery
    method of destroying tissue by feezing - used for treating dysplasia and early cancers
  8. culdocentesis
    aspiration of fluid from the cul-de-sac (cavity that lies between the rectum and posterior wall of the uterus) - used for diagnosing ectopic pregnancy and pelvic inflammatory disease
  9. dilation and curettage (D&C)
    dilation of the cervix and scraping of the endometrium to control bleeding, obtain tissue for biopsy, or remove polyps or products of conception
  10. hysterectomy
    removal of the uterus
  11. abdominal hysterectomy
    removal of the uterus through an incision in the abdomen
  12. vaginal hysterectomy
    removal of the uterus through the vagina
  13. total hysterectomy
    removal of the uterus and cervix
  14. laparoscopy
    inspection of the abdominal or pelvic cavity with a laparoscope, an endoscope used to examine the abdominal and pelvic regions
  15. laparoscopic surgery
    surgical procedures within the abdominal or pelvic region using a laparoscope
  16. laser surgery
    use of a laser to destroy lesions or dissect or cut tissue - used frequently in gynecology
  17. electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP)
    use of electrosurgical or radio waves transformed through a loop-configured electrosurgical device to treat precancerous lesions by simultaneous excisional biopsy and treatment of affected tissue; note that the transformation zone is the area of the cervix where neoplasia (abnormal cell formation) is most likely to arise
  18. myomectomy
    excision of fibroid tumors
  19. oophorectomy
    excision of an ovary
  20. ovarian cystectomy
    excision of an ovarian cyst
  21. salpingectomy
    excision of a uterine tube
  22. bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
    excision of both uterine tubes and ovaries
  23. salpingotomy
    incision into a fallopian tube - often performed to remove an ectopic pregnancy
  24. salpingostomy
    creation of an opening in the fallopian tube to open a blockage
  25. tube ligation
    sterilization of a woman by cutting and tying the uterine tubes
  26. lumpectomy
    excision of a breast tumor without removing any other tissue or lymph nodes
  27. mastectomy
    removal of a breast
  28. simple mastectomy
    removal of an entire breast with underlying muscle and axillary lymph nodes left intact
  29. radical mastectomy
    removal of an entire breast, underlying chest muscles, and axillary lymph nodes
  30. modified radical mastectomy
    removal of an entire breast and axillary lymph nodes
  31. mammoplasty
    surgical reconstruction of a breast
  32. augmentation mammoplasty
    reconstruction to enlarge the breast, often by insertion of an implant
  33. reduction mammoplasty
    reconstruction to remove excessive breast tissue
  34. mastopexy
    elevation of pendulous breast tissue