Chapter 16: Male Reproductive System; Anatomical Terms

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Chapter 16: Male Reproductive System; Anatomical Terms
2011-07-27 15:27:51
medterm ch16 quiz8

Quiz 8
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  1. scrotum
    a bag; skin-covered pouch in the groin that is divided into two sacs, each containing a testis and an epididymis
  2. testis (testicle)
    one of the two male reproductive glands, located in the scrotum, that produces sperm and the male hormone testosterone
  3. sperm/spermatozoon
    male gamete or sex cell produced in the testes that unites with the ovum in the female to produce offspring
  4. epididymis
    coiled duct on top and at the side of the testis that stores sperm before emission
  5. penis
    erectile tissue covered with skin that contains the urethra for urination and ducts for the secretion of seminal fluid (semen)
  6. glans penis
    bulging structure at the distal end of the penis
  7. prepuce
    foreskin; loose casing covering the glans penis - removed by circumcision
  8. vas deferens
    duct that carries sperm from the epididymis to the ejaculatory duct
  9. seminal vesicle
    one of two sac-like structures lying behind the bladder and connected to the vas deferens on each side - secretes an alkaline substance into the semen to enable the sperm to live longer
  10. semen
    mixtures of the secretions of the testes, seminal vesicles, prostate, and bulbourethral glands discharged from the male urethra during orgasm
  11. ejaculatory duct
    duct formed by the union of the vas deferens with the duct of the seminal vesicle; its fluid is carried into the urethra
  12. prostate gland
    trilobular gland that encircles the urethra just below the bladder - secretes an alkaline fluid into the semen
  13. bulbourethral glands (Cowper glands)
    pair of glands below the prostate with ducts opening into the urethra - adds a viscid (sticky) fluid to the semen
  14. perineum
    external region between the scrotum and anus in a male and between the vulva and anus in a female
  15. spermatic cord
    cord containing the vas deferens, arteries, veins, lymph vessels, and nerves that extends from the internal inguinal ring through the inguinal canal to each testicle