Chapter 16: Male Reproductive System; Diagnostic Terms: STDs

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  1. chlamydia
    most common sexually transmitted bacterial infection in North America; often occurs with no symptoms and is treated only after it has spread
  2. gonorrhea
    contagious inflammation of the genital mucous membranes caused by invasion of the gonococcus, neisseria gonorrhoeae
  3. syphilis
    infectious disease caused by a spirochete transmitted by direct intimate contact that may involve any organ or tissue over time; usually manifested first on the skin with the appearance of small, painless red papules that erode and form bloodless ulcers called chancres
  4. hepatitis B virus (HBV)
    virus that causes inflammation of the liver as a result of transmission through any body fluid, including vaginal secretions, semen, and blood
  5. herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2)
    virus that causes ulcer-like lesions of the genital and anorectal skin and mucosa; after initial infection, the virus lies dormant in the nerve cell root and may recur at times of stress
  6. human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
    virus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), which permits various opportunistic infections, malignancies, and neurological diseases; contracted through exposure to contaminated blood or body fluid
  7. human papilloma virus (HPV)/condyloma acuminatum
    virus transmitted by direct sexual contact that causes an infection that can occur on the skin or mucous membranes of the genitals; on the skin, the lesions appear as cauliflower-like warts, and on the mucous membranes, they have a flat appearance
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Chapter 16: Male Reproductive System; Diagnostic Terms: STDs
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