Western Civ

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Author:
HHedlund
ID:
95441
Filename:
Western Civ
Updated:
2011-07-27 16:01:29
Tags:
Reformation Renaissance
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Description:
Western Civ 101 Final
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  1. Thomas Aquians
    1225-1275
    • Italian dominican priest of Catholic church (philosopher)
    • Taught about ethics, natural law, political theory
  2. Dante
    1265-1321
    • Italian poet in Middle Ages
    • Wrote the Divine Comedy
    • That "Father of Italian Lanauage"
  3. Humanism
    • The focus of human value/concerns (renaissance)
    • Revived classical learning
    • Love for humanity
  4. Petrarch
    1304-1374
    • Italian scholar/poet/humanist
    • "Father of Humanism"
    • Sonnets were a model for lyrical poetry
  5. Boccaccio
    1313-1375
    • Renaissance humanist, author, poet
    • Studied under Petrarch
    • Medieval writer
  6. Renaissance
    14-17th centuries
    • Rebirth
    • Flourishing of poetry, science, art, politics, religion, and literature
    • Bridge between Middle Ages and Modern Era
    • Social and political upheavel, aritistc developments and contributions (De Vinci, Michelangelo..)
  7. Reformation
    • Christian reform movement.
    • Established Protestantism
    • Led by Martin Luther & John Calvin
    • Objected to rituals of the church
  8. Martin Luther
    1483-1546
    • German prioest/professor.
    • Against idea people could buy their way into heaven
    • By faith alone in Jesus Christ = Heaven
    • 95 Theses on church wall
  9. Zwingli
    1484-1531
    • Leader of Reformation in Switzerland
    • Introduced common liturgy to replace mass
    • Formed alliances of reformed cantons
    • Divided confederation along religions lines
    • Killed in battle
  10. John Calvin
    1509-1564
    • French pastor during Protestant Reformation
    • Developed 'Calvinism' form of Christian theology
    • Broke from church in 1530
  11. 30 Years War
    1618-1648
    • Religious conflict between Catholics & Protestants
    • -balance of power within Roman Empire
    • Led to decentralization of Holy Roman Empire and a substantial decline in the power of the Church
  12. Henry VIII
    Reigned 1509-1547
    • King of England & Ireland
    • Separated Church of England form Catholic Church
    • Reformation made England a Protestant nation
  13. Elizabeth Tudor
    Reigned 1558-1603
    • Queen of England & Ireland
    • Last monarch of Tudor bloodline
    • Supoprted Protestant Church
    • Shakespeare- Flourishing of drama
  14. Charles 1
    • Did not successfully aid Protestant forces during 30 Years War
    • People thought he brought Church of England too close to Catholic Church
    • Was not trusted
  15. Oliver Cromwell
    1599-1658
    • English military/political leader
    • Overthrew English monarchy
    • For awhile turned England into a Republican Commonwealth
  16. English Civil War
    1642-1651
    • Series of conflicts between Roundheads and Royalists
    • (Parliamnetarians v. Cavaliers)
    • 1st -2nd: King Charles v. Supporters of Long Parliament
    • 3rd: King Charles 2v. supporters of Rump Parliament
    • Led to execution of Charles 1 with Commonwealth of England - Proctectorate under O. Cromwell.
    • ** English government cannot govern without Parliaments consent **

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