Chapter 14: Gastrointestinal System; Diagnostic Tests and Procedures

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  1. endoscopy
    examination within a body cavity with a flexible endoscope for diagnosis or treatment; used in the gastrointestinal tract to detect abnormalities and perform procedures such as biopsies, excision of lesions, dilations of narrowed areas, and removal of swallowed objects
  2. esophagoscopy
    examination of the esophagus with an esophagoscope
  3. gastroscopy
    examination of the stomach with a gastroscope
  4. upper gastrointestinal endoscopy
    examination of the lining of the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum with a flexible endoscope
  5. endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)
    endoscopic procedure including x-ray fluoroscopy to examine the ducts of the liver, gallbladder, and pancreas
  6. laparoscopy
    examination of the abdominal cavity with a laparoscope
  7. peritoneoscopy
    examination of the peritoneal cavity with a peritoneoscope; often perfomed to examine the liver and obtain a biopsy specimen
  8. capsule endoscopy
    examination of the small intestine made by a tiny video camera placed in a capsule and swallowed; images are transmitted to a waist-belt recorder and downloaded onto a computer for assessment of possible abnormalities; traditional endoscopy cannot completely access the small intestine because of its length and complexity
  9. colonoscopy
    examination of the colon using a flexible colonoscope
  10. sigmoidoscopy
    examination of the sigmoid colon with a rigid or flexible sigmoidoscope
  11. proctoscopy
    examination of the rectum and anus with a proctoscope
  12. magnetic resonance image of the abdomen
    nonionizing imaging technique for visualizing the abdominal cavity to identify disease or deformity in the gastrointestinal tract
  13. nuclear medicine
    radionuclide organ imaging
  14. liver scan
    scan of the liver made after injection of radioactive tracers into the bloodstream; used to detect tumors and functional abnormalities
  15. upper GI series
    x-ray of the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum after the patient has swallowed a contrast medium
  16. barium swallow
    x-ray of the esophagus only; often used to locate swallowed objects
  17. fluoroscopy
    x-ray using a fluorescent screen to visualize structures in motion
  18. small bowel series
    x-ray exam of the small intestine - generally done in conjunction with an upper GI series
  19. lower GI series/barium enema
    x-ray of the colon after administration of an enema containing a contrast medium
  20. cholangiogram
    x-ray of the bile ducts; often performed during surgery
  21. cholecystogram
    x-ray of the gallbladder taken after oral ingestion of iodine
  22. computed tomography (CT) of abdomen
    cross-sectional x-ray of the abdomen used to identify a condition or anomaly within the gastrointestinal tract
  23. CT colonography
    computed tomographic image of the colon performed as an alternative to traditional invasive colonoscopy
  24. abdominal sonogram
    ultrasound image of the abdomen to detect disease or deformity in organs and vascular structures
  25. endoscopic sonography
    endoscopic procedure using a sonographic transducer within an endoscope to examine a body cavity and make sonographic images of structures and tissues
  26. biopsy (Bx)
    removal of tissue for microscopic pathological examination
  27. endoscopic biopsy
    removal of a specimen for biopsy during an endoscopic procedure
  28. excisional biopsy
    removal of an entire lesion for examination
  29. incisional biopsy
    removal of a portion of a lesion for examination
  30. needle biopsy
    percutaneous removal of a core specimen of tissue using a special hollow needle
  31. stool culture and sensitivity (C&S)
    isolation of a stool specimen in a culture medium to identify disease-causing organisms; if present, the drugs to which they are sensitive are listed
  32. stool occult blood study
    chemical test of a stool specimen to detect the presence of blood; positive findings indicate bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract
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Chapter 14: Gastrointestinal System; Diagnostic Tests and Procedures
2011-07-27 23:31:55
medterm ch14 quiz7

Quiz 7
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