Chapter 15: Urinary System; Anatomical Terms

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Chapter 15: Urinary System; Anatomical Terms
2011-07-27 20:09:24
medterm ch15 quiz7

Quiz 7
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  1. kidneys
    two structures located on each side of the lumbar region that filter blood and secrete impurities, forming urine
  2. cortex
    outer part of the kidney
  3. hilum
    indented opening in the kidney where vessels enter and leave
  4. medulla
    inner part of the kidney
  5. calyces (calices)
    system of ducts carrying urine from the nephrons to the renal pelvis
  6. nephron
    microscopic functional units of the kidney, comprised of kidney cells and capillaries, each capable of forming urine
  7. glomerulus
    little ball-shaped cluster of capillaries located at the top of each nephron
  8. Bowman's capsule
    top part of the nephron that encloses the glomerulus
  9. renal tubule
    stem portion of the nephron
  10. ureter
    tube that carries urine from the kidney to the bladder
  11. renal pelvis
    basin-like portion of the ureter within the kidney
  12. ureteropelvic junction
    point of connection between the renal pelvis and ureter
  13. urinary bladder
    sac that holds the urine
  14. urethra
    single canal that carries urine to the outside of the body
  15. urethral meatus
    opening in the urethra to the outside of the body
  16. urine
    fluid produced by the kidneys containing water and waste products
  17. urea
    waste product formed in the liver, filtered out of the blood by the kidneys, and excreted in urine
  18. creatinine
    waste product of muscle metabolism filtered out of the blood by the kidneys and excreted in urine