Chapter 15: Urinary System; Diagnostic Tests and Procedures

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pugluv01
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Chapter 15: Urinary System; Diagnostic Tests and Procedures
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2011-07-27 20:52:40
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medterm ch15 quiz7
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Quiz 7
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  1. cystometrogram
    record that measures urinary volume, bladder pressure, and capacity to evaluate urinary dysfunction such as incontinence
  2. cystoscopy
    examination of the bladder using a rigid or flexible cystoscope
  3. kidney biopsy (Bx)/renal biopsy
    removal of kidney tissue for pathological examination
  4. intravenous pyelogram (IVP)
    x-rays of the urinary tract taken after iodine is injected into the bloodstream and as contrast passes through the kidney, revealing obstruction, evidence of trauma, etc.
  5. kidney, ureter, bladder (KUB)
    abdominal x-ray of kidney, ureter, and bladder typically used as a scout film before doing an IVP
  6. scout film
    plain x-ray taken to detect any obvious pathology before further imaging
  7. renal angiogram (arteriogram)
    x-ray of the renal artery made after injecting contrast material into a catheter in the artery
  8. retrograde pyelogram (RP)
    x-ray of the upper urinary tract taken after contrast medium is injected up to the kidney by way of a small catheter passed through a cystoscope - done to detect the presence of stones or obstruction
  9. voiding (urinating) cystourethrogram (VCU or VCUG)
    x-ray of the bladder and urethra taken during urination
  10. abdominal sonogram
    ultrasound image of the urinary tract including the kidney, ureters, and bladder
  11. urinalysis (UA)
    physical, chemical, and microscopic examination of urine
  12. specific gravity (SpGr)
    measure the kidney's ability to concentrate or dilute urine
  13. pH
    measure of the acidity or alkalinity of urine
  14. glucose (sugar)
    chemical test used to detect sugar in the urine, used most often to screen for diabetes
  15. albumin (alb)/protein
    chemical test used to detect albumin in the urine
  16. ketones
    chemical test used to detect ketone bodies in the urine; if positive, fats are being utilized by the body instead of carbohydrates, which occurs in starvation or an unstable diabetic state
  17. occult blood, urine
    chemical test used to detect hidden blood in the urine resulting from red blood cell hemolysis - indicates bleeding in the kidneys
  18. bilirubin
    chemical test used to detect bilirubin in the urine - seen in gallbladder and liver disease
  19. urobilinogen
    chemical test used to detect bile pigment in the urine - increased amounts seen in gallbladder and liver disease
  20. nitrite
    chemical test used to detect bacteria in the urine
  21. microscopic findings
    microscopic identification of abnormal constituents in the urine as reported per high- or low-power field (hpf or lpf)
  22. urine culture and sensitivity (C&S)
    isolation of a urine specimen in a culture medium that propagates the growth of microorganisms; organisms that grow in the culture are identified, and drugs to which they are sensitive are listed
  23. blood urea nitrogen (BUN)
    blood test to determine the level of urea in the blood - a high BUN indicates the kidney's inability to excrete urea
  24. creatinine, serum
    test to determine the level of creatinine in the blood - useful in assessing kidney function
  25. creatinine, urine
    test to determine the level of creatinine in the urine
  26. creatinine clearance testing
    measurements of the level of creatinine in the blood and a 24-hour urine specimen to determine the rate that creatinine is "cleared" from the blood by the kidneys

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