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  1. ´
    Rise in pitch (acute accent).
  2. `
    Normal pitch (grave accent).
  3. Circumflex (rise and fall/perispomenon).
  4. ^
    Circumflex (rise and fall/perispomenon).
  5. ¨
    Dieresis (pronounce the iota separately).
  6. ᾿
    Smooth breathing.
  7. Harsh breathing (adds an 'h').
  8. When rho occurs at the beginning of a word...
    it too takes a rough breathing mark and is transliterated rh
  9. When two rhos occur consecutively...
    the first takes a smooth breathing and the second a rough, although these breathing marks are not always indicated
  10. Whenever upsilon occurs at the beginning of a word...
    it takes a rough breathing, except in the name of the letter itself.
  11. Breathing marks are written on the ___ of the two characters of a diphthong.
  12. Short vowels
    ε and ο (αι and οι at the end of a word)
  13. Long vowels
    η and ω (and all diphthongs except αι and οι at the end of a word)
  14. Short/long vowels
    α, ι, and υ
  15. ¯
    Indicates a long vowel (macron).
  16. ˘
    Indicates a short vowel (breve).
  17. αι
  18. ya
  19. ει
  20. yay
  21. οι
  22. yo
  23. αυ
  24. ευ
    oo (controversial)
  25. ηυ
  26. ου
  27. γ is pronounced...
    with a 'hard' g sound. However, before κ, χ, γ, it is pronounced as a nasal [ŋ]
  28. .
  29. ,
  30. ;
    Question mark
  31. ·
  32. The accent will always fall on one of the last ____ syllables.
  33. When a short vowel takes the acute accent...
    its pitch is rising.
  34. When a long vowel takes the acute...
    its second mora has a rising pitch. The mora immediately following has a falling pitch, even if it is on the next word.
  35. A circumflex...
    can occur only over a long vowel. It indicates that the first mora has a rising pitch and the second a falling pitch. It is only allowed to occur on the last two syllables.
  36. An acute accent on the last syllable (the ultima)
    changes into a grave unless the word stands last in its clause. The grave does not occur under any other circumstances.
  37. If the last syllable is long,
    the accent will not fall on the third last syllable (the antepenult). (This rule has exceptions, but don't worry about them right now.)
  38. If the second last syllable (the penult) is long and it takes the accent:
    • The accent will be an acute if and only if the ultima is long.
    • The accent will be a circumflex if and only if the ultima is short.
Card Set
Badly-made roundup of some facts about Greek letters, diphthongs, accents, etc. that didn't fit into the alphabet cards.
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