MA 161

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  1. adenoids
    lymphatic tissue in the nasopharynx; pharyngeal tonsils
  2. apex of the lungs
    tip or uppermost portion of the lung
  3. base of the lungs
    lower portion of the lung
  4. carbon dioxide
    gas produced by body cells when oxygen and food combine; exhaled through the lungs
  5. cilia
    thin hairs attached to the mucous membrane epithelium lining the respiratory tract. they clear bacteria and foreign substances from the lung
  6. mediastinum
    region between the lungs in the chest cavity. It contains the trachea, heart, aorta, esophagus, and bronchial tubes.
  7. oxygen
    gas that passes into the bloodstream at the lungs and travels to all body cells
  8. respiration
    process of moving air into and out of the lungs; breathing
  9. percussion
    tapping on a surface to determine the difference in the density of the underlying structure
  10. rales (crackles)
    fine crackling sounds heard on auscultation (during inhalation) when there is fluid in the alveoli
  11. rhonci
    loud rumbling sounds heard on auscultation of bronchi obstructed by sputum
  12. sputum
    material expelled from the bronchi, lungs, or upper respiratory tract by spitting
  13. stridor
    strained high-pitched sound heard on inspiration caused by obstruction in the pharynx or larynx
  14. wheezes
    continuous high-pitched whistling sounds produced during breathing
  15. epistaxis
  16. emphysema
    hyperinflation of air sacs with destruction of alveolar walls
  17. pneumoconiosis
    abnormal condition caused by dust in the lungs, with chronic inflammation, infection, and bronchitis
  18. pneumonia
    acute inflammation and infection of alveoli, which fill with pus or products of the inflammatory reaction.
  19. pulmonary embolism (PE)
    clot or other material lodges in vessels of the lung
  20. tuberculosis (TB)
    infectious disesase caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis; lungs usually are involved, but any organ in the body may be affected.
  21. bronchoscopy
    fiberoptic endoscope examination of the bronchial tubes
  22. Pulmonary Funtion Tests (PFTs)
    tests that measure the ventilation mechanics of the lungs (airway function, lung volume, and capacity of the lungs to exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide efficiently)
  23. thoracentesis
    surgical puncture to remove fluid from the pleural space
  24. tracheostomy
    surgical creation of an opening into the trachea through the neck
  25. tuberculin test
    determines past or present tuberculous infection based on a positive skin reaction
Card Set:
MA 161
2011-07-28 06:43:34
Respiratory System Scantron Words

Ch. 12 Respiratory System Scantron Words
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