imaging final.txt

Card Set Information

Author:
kepling
ID:
95600
Filename:
imaging final.txt
Updated:
2011-08-10 13:25:34
Tags:
imaging final
Folders:

Description:
imaging final
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user kepling on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Name two types of arthritis?
    • 1) Hypertrophic: more bone
    • 2) Atrophic: less bone (RA, JRA)
  2. Another phrase for Osteoarthritis?
    DJD = degenerative joint disease
  3. How many joints does OA affect?
    Normally 2
  4. What are two other names for osteophyte?
    • Bone spur
    • Exostosis
  5. H/A Exostosis
    H
  6. H/A Joint Mice
    • H
    • * spurs that break off and fall within joint
  7. H/A lipping
    • H
    • * spur across entire joint
  8. H/A Dorsal flag
    • H
    • * long exostosis
  9. H/A Eburnation/Sclerosis
    H
  10. H/A Ankylosis
    • H
    • * Bone fusion/coalition
  11. H/A Heberden's & Bouchard's nodes, differences?
    • H
    • Heberden's: distal nodes, generally on hands
    • Bouchard's: proximal nodes, generally on hands
  12. H/A Rheumatoid arthritis
    • A
    • * Blood pooling causing demineralization
  13. H/A juxtaarticular cysts
    • A
    • fibular deviation of digits (abductus)
    • sign of RA
  14. H/A Osteoporosis
    A
  15. H/A Osteopenia
    A
  16. H/A Gouty Arthritis, signs?
    • A
    • effusion, washed out look, joint narrowing
    • painful, red
  17. H/A Martel's sign
    • A
    • overhanging edges due to punched out lesions of bones
    • sign of GOUT
  18. What are syndesmophytes?
    • Spurs on spinal column
    • Can be caused by spondylitis, squaring, bridging, etc...
  19. H/A Terminal whittling, pencil in cup
    • A
    • common in Psoriasis
  20. What is didactylitis?
    Sausage toes
  21. What tests is used to ID Osteopenia?
    DEXA
  22. DEXA SD Levels for Osteopenia and Osteoporosis?
    • Osteopenia: -1 to -2.5
    • Osteoporosis: > -2.5
  23. 5 common causes of oteomalacia?
    • Hyperthyroid
    • vit-D deficiency
    • GI problems
    • renal problems
    • fibrous dysplasia
  24. What are looser lines?
    • Sclerotic lines in long bones that appear to be fractures
    • sign of osteomalacia
  25. T/F Bones are dense and hard in osteomalacia?
    F, soft and pliable
  26. 5 common rickets findings?
    • Leg bowing (vit. D deficiency)
    • loss of epiphyseal plates
    • Looser lines
    • Frayed metaphysis
    • Wide osteoid seams
  27. What vitamin is affected by high PTH?
    Vit. D due to destruction of bone
  28. 5 common signs of hyperparathyroidism?
    • Vit. D deficiency
    • periosteal lifting
    • ground glass bone formations
    • lace-like bone
    • vascular calcifications (taking Ca from bone into the system)
  29. What are brown tumors and what are they a sign of?
    • brown tumors: tumors that are fibrous and have replaced bone
    • cause: hyperparathyroidism
  30. Common bone disease of diabetics?
    Renal osteodystrophy
  31. What is renal osteodystrophy?
    Washed out bone
  32. 5 causes of cretinism
    • hypothyroid
    • delayed epiphyseal fusion
    • short, slender bone shafts
    • wide, cupping metaphysis
    • OP
  33. most common sign of Paget's disease
    • Excessive bone laying down
    • huge skull
  34. what is a banana fracture a sign on?
    Paget's disease
  35. What does Winberg's sign show and what is it?
    • Scurrvy
    • Shows bright lines around epiphyseal areas
  36. What is salmonella osteomyelitis a sign of
    Sickle-cell disease

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview