MT-Navigating the body

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Author:
Zokocookie
ID:
95609
Filename:
MT-Navigating the body
Updated:
2011-07-29 20:23:33
Tags:
regions movements directions positions skeletal system joints
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Description:
navigational and mapping of the body
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  1. Regions of the body


    • From top to bottom
    • (Anterior View)

    Facial

    Mandibular

    Supraclavicular

    Pectoral

    Axillary

    Brachial

    Cubital

    Antecubital

    Palmar

    Abdominal

    Inguinal

    Pubic

    Femoral

    Patellar

    Crural

    Dorsal

    Planter

    (Posterior view)

    Cranial

    Cervical

    Acromial

    Scapular

    Thoracic

    Lumbar

    Sacral

    Pelvic

    Gluteal

    Carpal

    Dorsal

    Popliteal

    Sural
  2. Planes of movement
    • Sagittal plane: divides body to left/right
    • Terms for mapping: medial and lateral
    • Actions taken on this plane: flexion and extension

    • Frontal(coronal) plane: divides body into front/back
    • Terms for mapping: Anterior and posterior
    • Actions taken on this plane: adduction and abduction

    • Transverse plane: Divides body into upper/lower
    • Terms for mapping: Superior and inferior
    • Actions taken on this plane: roation
  3. Terms for direction and Position
    Superior:Closer to the head

    Inferior: Closer to feet

    Cranial: closer to head (referring to structures on trunk)

    Caudal: closer to buttocks (referring to structures on trunk)

    Posterior: Further towards the back

    Anterior: further towards the front

    Medial: closer to the sagittal

    Lateral: further from the sagittal

    Distal: further away from the trunk or midline(in reference to appendages)

    Proximal: closer to the trunk or midline(in reference to appendages)

    Superficial: Closer to the surface of the body

    Deep: deeper in the body
  4. Movements of the body
    Extension: movement that straightens or opens joint

    Flexion: movement that bends joints or brings bones closer together

    Adduction: movement that brings limb to toward midline

    Abduction: movement away from midline

    Medial Rotation: movement of limbs toward midline

    Lateral Rotation: movement of limbs away from midline

    Rotation: movement of the axial skeleton on the transverse plane

    Circumduction: Sone shape movement by shoulder and hip joints

    Lateral flexion: flexion of the axial skeleton

    Elevation: movement superiorly

    Depression: movement inferiorly

    supanation: pivoting of hands or feet (palms up)

    pronation: pivoting of hands or feet (palms down)

    Inversion: turn feet inward

    Eversion: turn feet outward

    Planter flexion: toes pointing downward

    Dorsiflexion: toes pointing upward

    Protraction: movement anteriorly (scapula, clavicle, jaw, head)

    Retraction: movement poseriorly(scapula, clavicle, jaw, head)

    Deviation: wander from usual course

    Opposition: when thumbpad crosses palm toward pinky
  5. Skeletal System


    • Axial Skeleton-Anterior View
    • Cranial

    Facial portion

    Mandible

    Clavicle vertebrae

    Sternum

    Ribs

    Lumbar Vertabrae

    Pelvis

    Sacrum

    Coccyx

    • Appendicular Skeleton-Anterior View
    • Clavicle

    Scapula

    Humerus

    Ulna

    Radius

    Carpals

    Metacarpals

    Phalanges

    Femur

    Patella

    Tibia

    Fibula

    Tarsals

    Metatarsals

    Phalanges

    • Axial Skeleton-Posterior View
    • Cranium

    Mandible

    Cervical Vertebrae

    Thoracic Vertebrae

    Lumbar Vertebrae

    Sacrum

    Pelvis

    Coccyx

    • Appendicular Skeleton-Posterior View
    • Clavicle

    Scapula

    Humerus

    Ulna

    Radius

    Carpals

    Metacarpals

    Phalanges

    Femur

    Patella

    Tibia

    Fibula

    Talus

    Calcaneus
  6. Types of joints


    Fibrous, Cartilaginous, Synovial

    Synovial joints include;

    Ball-and-socket (Glenohumeral) joint

    Ellipsoid (radiocarpal) joint

    Hinge (humeroulnar) joint

    saddle (carpal) joint

    Gliding (carpals in wrist) joint

    pivot (atlantoaxial) joint

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