Exam 4: Key Terms
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Having a short and relatively severe course; a
disease process characterized by a relatively short
duration of signs and symptoms that are usually severe
and begin abruptly.
Evaluation or appraisal of a condition; includes
observing gathering, verifying, and communicating
pertinent data, usually information pertaining to the
- To listen for sounds within the body to evaluate the
- condition of the heart, lungs, pleura, intestines, or
other organs or to detect fetal heart sounds.
Loud, sounds that accompany increased motility of the bowel.
Abnormal swishing sound heard over organs, glands, and arteries.
Developing slowly and persisting for a long period, often for the remainder of an individual's life.
Short, discrete, interrupted crackling or bubbling
adventitious breath sounds heard on ausculation
of the chest, most commonly upon aspiration.
Produced by a passage of air through the bronchi that
contan secretions of exudate or are constricted by
spasms or thickening; usually heard during inspiration;
formerly called rales.
Any disturbance of a structure or function of the
body; a pathologic condition of the body.
Free flow or withdrawal of fluids from a wound or
cavity by some sort of system (such as a urinary catheter
Low-pitched thudlike sound upon percussion of the
Abnormal accumulation of fluids in interstitial
spaces of tissue; a combining form meaning swelling.
Redness or inflammation of the skin or mucous
membranes resulting from dilation and congestion
of superficial capillaries.
Examples: mild sunburn, nervous blushes, injury
resulting from trauma or infection.
The study of all factors that may be involved in the
development of a disease; the cause of disease.
Fluid, cells, or other substances that have been
slowly exuded or discharged from body cells or
blood vessels through small pores or breaks in cell
- Soft, high-pitched, flat sound produced by performing
- percussion over tissue such as muscle tissue.
Define FOCUSED ASSESSMENT
Concentration of attention
on the part of the body
- where signs and symptoms are localized
or most active
- in order to determine their significance.
Define FUNCTIONAL DISEASE
May be manifested as an organic disease, but careful
examination fails to reveal evidence of structural or
- Caused by an invasion of microorganisms such as
- bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites, that produce
Protective response of body tissues to irritation,
injury, or invasion by disease-producingorganisms.
The cardinal signs include erythema, edema, heat, and
loss of function.
Visual examination of the external surface of the
body and of its movements and posture
- observation of moods and all responses and
- nonverbal behaviors.
Define LEVEL OF CONCIOUSNESS (LOC)
- Determine patient's LOC by asking:
- "Who are you?"
"Why are you here?"
"What is the date?"
"Where are you?"
Any abnormal growth of new tissue; benign or
Define NURSING HEALTH HISTORY
- Data collected about the patient's level of wellness,
- changes in life patterns, sociocultural role, and
- mental and emotional reactions to illness.
Define NURSING PHYSICAL ASSESSMENT
Identification by a nurse of the need preferences,
and abilities of a patient. Assessment provides the
scientrific basis for a complete nursing care plan.
Define OBJECTIVE DATA
Pertaining to clincal finding that is observed,
palpated, or ausculated. Labratory findings, as well
as radiologic and other studies, are included;
observable & measurable signs.
Define ORGANIC DISEASE
- Results in a structural change in an organ that
- interferes with its functioning.
A technique used in physical examination in which
the examiner feels the texture, size, consistency, and
location of certain parts of the body with the hands.
Using fingertips to tap the body's surface to produce
vibration & sound.
- Symptoms of itching; Uncomfortable sensation
- leading to the urge to scratch; Scratching also leads to
- secondary infection. Some causes of pruritus are
- allergy, infection, elevated serum urea, jaundice,
and skin irritation.
Producing or containing pus.
Partial or complete disappearance of clinical and
subjective characteristics of the disease. Sometimes
spontaneous and a result of therapy.
An objective finding as perceived by the examiner; a
sign can be seen, heard, measured, or felt by the
Define SUBJECTIVE DATA
Symptoms; verbal statements provided by the patient.
That which arises from within or is perceived by the
individual and related to the examiner.
Subjective; indication of a disease or change in
condition as perceived by patient.
- Fine vibration sensation along the artery, which is
- palpated by the examiner.
- The normal resiliency of the skin caused by the
- outward pressure of the cells and interstitial fluid;
may be assessed as increased
A high-pitched drumlike sound produced by
performing percussion over a hollow organ such as the
- Breath sounds that have a whistling or sighing sound
- resulting from narrowing of the lumen of a
passageway. May be heard on both inspiration and
expiration. Wheezes characteristically clear on
Define BIOMEDICAL HEALTH BELIEF SYSTEM
- A belief that health and illness are controlled by a
- series of physical and biochemical processes that
- can be analyzed and manipulated by humans.
- *Primary health belief in U.S.
Define CULTURAL COMPETENCE
Awareness by the nurse of his or her own cultural
- beilief practices and an understanding of other
- beliefs and cultures. Nurse should be able to
react to others with openess and accept cultural
- A set of learned values, beliefs, customs, and
- practices that are shared by a group and passed
- from one generation to another.
Group of people who share a common social and
cultural heritage based on traditions, national
origin, and physical and biologic characteristics.
Often share practices such as language, religion, dress,
music, and food.
Define ETHNIC STEREOTYPE
A fixed concept of how all members of an ethnic
group act or think.
A perception that the practices and beliefs of one's
own culture are superior to those of other cultures.
Define FOLK HEALTH BELIEF SYSTEM
religious rituals, and prayers.
- Belief that health and illness are controlled by
- . May use native healers, plants,
- supernatural forces
Define HOLISTIC HEALTH BELIEF SYSTEM
Belief that forces of nature must be kept in natural
balance or harmony.
Accepted traditional customs, moral attitudes, or
manners of a particular social group.
Group of people who share biologic and physical
- A nation, community, or broad group of people who
- establish particular aims, beliefs, or standards of
living and conduct.
A generalization about a form of behavior, an
individual, or a group.
A group that shares any characteristics with the
primary culture but has chracteristic patterns of
behavior and ideals that distinguish it from the rest of a
Define TRANSCULTURAL NURSING
- An integration of the nurse's understanding of
- culture into all aspects of nursing care.
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