Neuro

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Author:
Vincent
ID:
95702
Filename:
Neuro
Updated:
2011-08-01 20:50:05
Tags:
stroke TBI SCI
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Description:
stroke, TBI, SCI
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  1. Brainstem lesion causing a primitive posture.
    Decerebrate rigidity
  2. The Rancho Los Amigos Scale assesses?
    Levels of cognition
  3. The optic nerve is intact but the brain cannot record the image the person is seeing.
    Cortical blindness
  4. The dermatome level of the umbilicus?
    T10
  5. A condition marked by the inability to move any body part except the eyes.
    Locked-in-syndrome
  6. One major blood supply to the cerebellum arises from the?
    Basialr artery
  7. The Glasgow Coma Scale looks at?
    Motor, verbal, and eye opening responses
  8. What is the normal intracranial range?
    5 - 10 mmHg
  9. A temporary interruption of blood supply to the brain.
    Transient ischemic attack (TIA)
  10. Persistent high blood pressure can be a cause.
    Stroke
  11. - Pain and temperature loss on the opposite side of the lesion.
    - Proprioception loss on the same side of the lesion.
    Brown-Sequard syndrome
  12. - motor functions remain intact
    - pain and light touch remain intact
    - loss of proprioception
    Posterior cord syndrome
  13. Mechanism of injury is primarily hyperextension.
    Central cord syndrome
  14. The mechanism of imjur is usually a direct penetration by a foreign object damaging one side of the spinal cord.
    Brown-Sequard syndrome
  15. The hallmark of TBI is?
    Contusion
  16. The most common type of embolic CVA would involve which artery?
    Middle cerebral artery
  17. Cyst formation in the cord that extends a few levels up and down causing damage to the cord is?
    Syringomyelia
  18. Gold standard measurement for severity of the primary brain damage.
    GCS
  19. A nonmalignant overgrowth of bone is?
    Heterotopic ossification (HO)
  20. Cauda equina injury will present with?
    Bowel and bladder incontinence
  21. - difficulty with spatial perceptual tasks
    - impulsive behavior
    Right-hemisphere stroke (Left-hemi)
  22. - expressive and/or receptive aphasia
    - slow and cautious
    Left-hemispheric stroke (Right-hemi)
  23. What are the kinds of stroke?
    Clot and bleed
  24. A portion of the brain receives no blood while a surrounding area receives sufficient blood from collateral circulation to stay alive but not to sustain function.
    Ischemic penumbra
  25. Bleeding from an arterial source into brain parenchyma.
    Intracerebral hemorrhage
  26. Hyperactive flexor reflexes in the UEs and hyperactive extensor response in the LEs.
    Decorticate posturing
  27. Hyperactive extensor reflexes in both the upper and lower extremities.
    Decerebrate posturing
  28. The primary cause of SCI is?
    MVA
  29. Loss of sensory, motor, and autonomic control below the lesion right after the injury is?
    Spinal shock
  30. Occurs with a lesion above T5 and is the result of impaired function of the ANS caused by simultaneous sympathetic and parasympathetic activity.
    Autonomic dysreflexia
  31. - sudden onset of throbbing or pounding headache
    - sweating and flushing of the face, neck, & shoulders
    - sudden and significant increase in BP
    Autonomic dysreflexia

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