Neuro

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Author:
Vincent
ID:
95752
Filename:
Neuro
Updated:
2011-08-02 00:14:28
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PNS Epilepsy HA
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PNS
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  1. Damage is proximal to distal.
    Myopathy
  2. Damage is distal to proximal.
    Neuropathy
  3. Phospholipid membrane that forms the surface of the axon.
    Axolemma
  4. This occurs when nerves are subjected to external compression or disease.
    Segmental demyelination
  5. Nerve injury that involves segmental demyelination.
    Neuropraxia
  6. Nerve injury where the axon has been damaged but the connective tissue coverings remain intact.
    Axonotmesis
  7. Nerve injury with complete severance of the axon, as well as the disruption of its supporting connective tissue coverings at the site of injury.
    Neurotmesis
  8. A single peripheral nerve is affected.
    Mononeuropathy
  9. Involvement of several peripheral nerves.
    Polyneuropathy
  10. Indicates involvement of the nerve root as it emerges from the spinal cord.
    Radiculoneuropathy
  11. Indicates involvement of several nerve roots and occurs when infections create an inflammatory response.
    Polyradiculitis
  12. - Inherited disorder
    - Affects motor and sensory nerve
    - Slow progressing disease
    CMT
  13. AKA Peronial muscle atrophy
    CMT
  14. - Hypertrophic onion bulb formation in which demyelinated axons are surrounded by Schwann cells and their processes as remyelination is attempted.
    CMT
  15. Distally symmetric muscle weakness, atrophy, and diminished DTRs.
    CMT
  16. - pes cavus
    - weakness of dorsiflexors and evertors
    - footdrop
    - steppage gait
    CMT
  17. Legs takes on the shape of an inverted champagne bottle.
    CMT
  18. AKA Acute Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyradiculneuropathy
    GBS
  19. - it occurs with IDDM and NIDDM
    - there is muscle atrophy
    - it is a metabolic neuropathy
    Diabetic neuropathy
  20. Chronic compression of nerves and arteries between the clavicle and the first rib is?
    TOS
  21. An acute inflammatory PNS disorder that involves the spinal nerve root to the distal termination of motor and sensory fibers is?
    GBS
  22. Bell's Palsy is the involvement of which cranial nerve?
    Facial N. - VII
  23. A process of filtering antibodies from the plasma.
    Plasmaphoresis
  24. A life threatening condition in which seizures are prolonged and recovery does not occur between attacks is?
    Status Epilepticus
  25. - usually a good prognosis
    - facial asymmetry
    - sound magnification
    Bell's Palsy
  26. A medication used to control epilepsy.
    Dilantin
  27. - repetition
    - crowding
    - nocturnal pain
    CTS
  28. - lansinating pain
    - cranial nerve 5
    - PNS
    Trigeminal neuralgia
  29. - autoimmune disease
    - weakness of skeletal muscles
    - a slow progressive course
    Myasthenia Gravis
  30. A motor end plate disorder.
    Myasthenia Gravis
  31. Myelin of the Schwann cell is the primary target.
    GBS
  32. Surgical resection of the dorsal root of the spinal nerve.
    Rhizotomy
  33. Medial epicondylectomy and surgical nerve transplant to the anterior elbow may reduce or eliminate symptoms of?
    Tardy ulnar nerve palsy
  34. A chronic disorder of various causes characterized by recurrent seizures.
    Epilepsy
  35. Result of paroxysmal excessive discharge of cerebral neurons resulting in transient impairment or loss of consciousness.
    Seizures
  36. This can occur as a reaction of the brain to physiologic stress, sleep deprivation, fever, and alcohol or sedative drug withdrawal.
    Seizures
  37. During the seizure, neurons are tonically depolarized and fire continuously in a sustained, high frequency discharge called the _____ phase.
    Tonic
  38. The seizure ends as phasic repolarizations interrupt the continuous firing pattern called the _____ phase.
    Clonic
  39. Gradual restoration of membrane potentials to normal or to a temporary hyperpolarized state is called?
    Postictal depression
  40. The process that mediate long-lasting changes in brain function in response to repeated, gradually augmented stimulation of the brain resulting in epileptiform activity.
    Kindling
  41. A seizure associated with preservation of consciousness and unilateral hemispheric involvement.
    Simple partial seizures
  42. A seizure associated with alteration or loss of consciousness and bilateral hemispheric involvement.
    Complex partial seizures
  43. A generalized tonic-clonic seizure that develops from either a ssimple partial or a complex partial seizure and has convulsive manifestations.
    Partial seizure evolving to secondarily generalized seizures
  44. Sudden cessation of ongoing conscious activity with only minor convulsive muscular activity or loss of postural control.
    Absence seizures or petit mal seizures
  45. Sudden, brief, single or repetitive muscle contractions involving one body part or the entire body.
    Myoclonic seizures
  46. Also known as "drop attacks," are brief losses of consciousness and postural tone not associated with tonic muscular contractions.
    Atonic seizures
  47. Total loss of control. Begins with a sudden loss of consciousness, and falls are common. Then generalized rigidity phase follwed by very rapid jerking movements.
    Tonic-clonic seizures or grand mal seizures
  48. - Most common type of headache
    - Bilateral
    Tension headache
  49. - Unilateral throbbing headache
    - Familial
    - Anorexia, nausea, vomiting
    - Can recur at either sides
    Migraine headache
  50. - Unilateral excruciating pain headache
    - Usually always the same side
    - Eye and temporal area
    Cluster headache

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