Mythology

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Author:
cklee0313
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95770
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Mythology
Updated:
2011-08-01 14:11:26
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myth
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Know the area each character reigns over and both their Greek and Roman names.
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  1. Titans
    • The first divine race.
    • Ultimately honored as ancestors of humans.
    • Credited with the invention of the arts and magic.
  2. Cronus
    • Son of titans.
    • Married to his sister, Rhea. They gave birth to 3 daughters-Hestia, Demeter, and Hera, and 3 sons-Poseidon, Hades, and Zeus.
    • Roman counterpart: Saturn
  3. Prometheus
    • Created humans from earth and water.
    • Though a titan, he was allowed to live on Olympus.
  4. Pandora
    • The first woman.
    • Created by all the divinities.
    • Unleashed terrible afflictions which spread over the earth.
  5. Zeus
    • Supreme god.
    • Unites in himself all attributes of divinity-omnipotent, omniscient, omnipresent.
    • Ruled according to fate and his own will.
    • Lived on Mount Olympus.
    • Roamn counterpart: Jupiter.
  6. Hera
    • Zeus's wife.
    • Woman deified, presided over all stages of feminine existence, primarily marriage and maternity.
    • Represents idealized wife.
    • Roman counterpart: Juno.
  7. Athena
    • Warrior goddess, goddess of arts of peace, and goddess of prudent intelligence.
    • Zeus's daughter, she was born, fully armed, out of his skull.
    • Roman counterpart: Minerva.
  8. Apollo
    • A son-god, god of the light.
    • God of divination and prophecy.
    • Cultivated and protected crops.
    • Associated with music.
    • Represented as an archer.
    • Son of Zeus and Leto.
    • Roman counterpart: Apollo.
  9. The Muses
    • Apollo's habitual companions.
    • Goddesses of memory and poetic inspiration.
    • The nine muses: Clio(history), Euterpe(flute), Thalia(comedy), Melpomene(tragedy), Terpsichore(lyric poetry and dance), Erato(love poetry), Polyhymnia(mimic art), Urania(astronomy), Calliope(epic poetry and eloquence).
  10. Artemis
    • Agricultural deity.
    • Goddess of the chase and of forests.
    • Associated with moonlight.
    • Represented as an archer.
    • Apollo's twin sister, also daughter of Zeus and Leto.
    • Roman counterpart: Diana
  11. Hermes
    • God of travellers.
    • God of commerce and profit.
    • Conducted the souls of the dead to the underworld.
    • Tireless runner, messenger of Zeus.
    • Son of Zeus and Maia.
    • Roman counterpart: Mercury.
  12. Ares
    • God of war, of blind, brutal courage, and of bloody rage and carnage.
    • Son of Zeus and Hera.
    • Roman counterpart: Mars.
  13. Aphrodite
    • Goddess of love. Goddess of pure and ideal love as well as of marriage and of lust and venal love.
    • Essence of feminine beauty.
    • Daughter of Zeus.
    • Roman counterpart: Venus.
  14. Eros
    • Youngest of the gods, a winged child, gracious and rebellious.
    • Armed with bow and arrows which would cause people to fall in love if hit by them.
    • Son of Aphrodite.
    • Roman equivalent: Cupid.
  15. Poseidon
    • God of the sea.
    • Personification of water-god of vegetation and fecundity.
    • Son of Cronus.
    • Roman equivalent: Neptune.
  16. Orion
    • Beautiful giant, son of Mother Earth.
    • Passionate hunter, accompanied by his dog, Sirius.
    • Banished to live in the sky, and now an easily recognized constellation.
  17. Tritons
    • Strange sea creatures, half-men, half-fish, with scales, sharp teeth, claws, fins and forked tails.
    • Hedonistic and lascivious.
  18. Sirens
    • Sea monsters with bird's bodies and women's heads.
    • Sang sweetly and irresistibly to lure travellers and then killed them.
  19. Charybdis and Scylla
    • Dwelt in same Sicilian sea as the Sirens.
    • Charybdis, daughter of Poseidon and the earth, was a whirlpool who swallowed ships.
    • Scylla, once a beautiful woman, was changed into a monster, with six ugly heads.
  20. Demeter
    • Goddess of the earth and the underworld.
    • Represents motherhood and fertile, cultivated soil.
    • Earth mother.
    • Daughter of Cronus and Rhea.
    • Roman counterpart: Ceres.
  21. Dionysus
    • God of wine and pleasure.
    • Son of Zeus.
    • Roman counterpart: Bacchus.
  22. Satyrs
    • Part of the retinue of Dionysus.
    • Represented the elementary spirits of forests and mountains.
    • Half-man and half-goat, they were sensual and lascivious.
  23. Pan
    • Shepherd god of woods and pastures, protector of shepherds and flocks.
    • Son of Hermes.
    • Not a satyr, though he also was half-goat.
  24. Hades
    • God of the underworld.
    • Invisible, god of buried treasure and agricultural wealth.
    • Son of Cronus and Rhea, brother of Zeus.
    • Roman equivalent: Pluto.
  25. Persephone
    • Daughter of Demeter, wife of Hades.
    • Spent part of the world in the underworld and part on earth, and therefore associated with seasons of the year and myths of regeneration.
    • Roman counterpart: Proserpina.
  26. Heracles
    • Not a god, but a hero.
    • Personification of physical strength.
    • Founder of Olympic Games.
    • Had to perform twelve superhuman labors.
    • Son of Zeus and a mortal woman.
    • Roman counterpart: Hercules.
  27. Theseus
    • Not a god, but a hero.
    • Like Heracles, destroyed many monsters, including the Minotaur on Crete.
    • Son of a mortal woman, a mortal man, and the god, Poseidon.
  28. Perseus
    • Son of a mortal woman and Zeus, who impregnated her disguised as a shower of gold.
    • Also a hero, not a god, who had many adventures.
    • Killed the snake headed monster, Medusa, and a sea monster to save a beautiful princess named Andromeda.
  29. Helen
    • Woman whose beauty launched a thousand ships and began the Trojan War.
    • Wife to Menelaus, but carried off by lovestruck Paris.
  30. Oedipus
    • Son of King of Thebes.
    • Unwittingly killed his father and married his mother, which caused him to blind himself.
    • Answered the riddle of the Sphinx.
  31. Orpheus
    • One of the few Greek heroes not known for warlike exploits.
    • Son of Apollo.
    • Sang and played the lyre so beautifully that trees and savage beasts would follow him.
    • Performed miracles on the voyage of the Argonauts to find the Golden Fleece.

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