EMT-A test medic12

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thom.mccusker@gmail.com
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95946
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EMT-A test medic12
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2011-08-03 16:51:01
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EMTA test medic12
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EMT-A test medic12
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  1. What are the contra indications for Nitro?
    • 1. hypotension
    • 2. hypersensitivity
    • 3. tolerance to Nitrates
    • 4. severe anemia
    • 5. head trauma
    • 6. increased ICP
    • 7. PTs taking Sildenafil
    • 8. glaucoma
    • 9. shock
  2. What PTs are a higher risk of injury?
    • 1. pregnant
    • 2. geriatric
    • 3. pediatric
  3. Name two crystalloid IV solutions?
    • 1. lactated ringers
    • 2. normal saline
    • 3. 5% dextrose (D5W)
  4. Complications of IV access?
    • 1. catheter sheer
    • 2. infection
    • 3. thrombophlebitis
    • 4. air embolism
    • 5. alergic reaction
    • 6. arterial puncture
  5. Four methods of examination?
    • 1. inspection
    • 2. palpation
    • 3. ausciltation
    • 4. percussion
  6. Two advantages of the combitube?
    • 1. blind insertion
    • 2. easy
    • 3. faster
    • 4. usable in trauma
  7. Two PTs you would see kussmaul respirations?
    • 1. DKA (hyperglycemic)
    • 2. head injury
  8. What injection is performed at a 45 degree angle?
    subcutaneous
  9. Type of rectal drug?
    supository
  10. What type of injection is done just under the skin?
    intradermal
  11. What is the colon sign?
    discoloration over the umbilicus
  12. What is Gray Turner sign?
    bruising along the flanks
  13. What scale is used to initially evaluate mental status?
    AVPU
  14. What does AVPU stand for?
    • Alert: spontaneous eye opening
    • Verbal: PT will make some sort of response when you talk to them.
    • Pain: PT will make some sort of response when enflict some sort of pain on them.
    • Unresponsive: no response to any stimuli.
  15. What is the purpose of the onging assessment?
    To trend the PTs condition.
  16. Name a specialty treatment center?
    • 1. trauma
    • 2. burn
    • 3. pediatric
    • 4. cathlab
    • 5. bariatric chamber
  17. Most common trauma in elderly?
    falls
  18. PT is bleeding... PL is 104, BP is 110/76 - is the PT currently in compensated or uncompensated state?
    compensated
  19. Three words that define shock?
    inadequate tissue perfusion
  20. What is the damage pathway caused by a penetrating injury (ie gun shot)?
    cavitation
  21. At what point does a 1st degree burn become a 2nd degree burn?
    blistering
  22. Two methods to determine burn surface area?
    • 1. rule of 9s
    • 2. rule of palms (1%)
  23. What is the greater determinent of injury - speed or weight?
    speed
  24. What is the technique that might be used to detect a hemo or pneumo thorax?
    percussion
  25. What is perfusion?
    delivery of O2 & nutrients and removal of waste from destination organs
  26. How much blood could be lost from a pelvic injury?
    1500 (up to 2L)
  27. Define a flail segment?
    3 or more adjacent ribs brocken in 2 or more places
  28. Hemeostasis
    the bodies natural tendency to keep internal enviroment & metabolism steady & normal
  29. What type of muscles are found in the intestines?
    smooth
  30. Whats entropic?
    the strength/force of the heart contraction
  31. Whats chronotropic?
    the rate of heart beats
  32. Two factors that effect stroke volume?
    preload, afterload & contract force
  33. Pharmacology
    the study of drugs & their actions on the body
  34. Is Benedryl a generic name or a brand name?
    Benedryl is a brand name. The drug name is diphenhydramine.
  35. What is a side effect of Nitro?
    headache, lowers BP
  36. Couple of routes for a drug admin?
    IM, IV, nasal, inhalation

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