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What are the contra indications for Nitro?
- 1. hypotension
- 2. hypersensitivity
- 3. tolerance to Nitrates
- 4. severe anemia
- 5. head trauma
- 6. increased ICP
- 7. PTs taking Sildenafil
- 8. glaucoma
- 9. shock
What PTs are a higher risk of injury?
- 1. pregnant
- 2. geriatric
- 3. pediatric
Name two crystalloid IV solutions?
- 1. lactated ringers
- 2. normal saline
- 3. 5% dextrose (D5W)
Complications of IV access?
- 1. catheter sheer
- 2. infection
- 3. thrombophlebitis
- 4. air embolism
- 5. alergic reaction
- 6. arterial puncture
Four methods of examination?
- 1. inspection
- 2. palpation
- 3. ausciltation
- 4. percussion
Two advantages of the combitube?
- 1. blind insertion
- 2. easy
- 3. faster
- 4. usable in trauma
Two PTs you would see kussmaul respirations?
- 1. DKA (hyperglycemic)
- 2. head injury
What injection is performed at a 45 degree angle?
Type of rectal drug?
What type of injection is done just under the skin?
What is the colon sign?
discoloration over the umbilicus
What is Gray Turner sign?
bruising along the flanks
What scale is used to initially evaluate mental status?
What does AVPU stand for?
- Alert: spontaneous eye opening
- Verbal: PT will make some sort of response when you talk to them.
- Pain: PT will make some sort of response when enflict some sort of pain on them.
- Unresponsive: no response to any stimuli.
What is the purpose of the onging assessment?
To trend the PTs condition.
Name a specialty treatment center?
- 1. trauma
- 2. burn
- 3. pediatric
- 4. cathlab
- 5. bariatric chamber
Most common trauma in elderly?
PT is bleeding... PL is 104, BP is 110/76 - is the PT currently in compensated or uncompensated state?
Three words that define shock?
inadequate tissue perfusion
What is the damage pathway caused by a penetrating injury (ie gun shot)?
At what point does a 1st degree burn become a 2nd degree burn?
Two methods to determine burn surface area?
- 1. rule of 9s
- 2. rule of palms (1%)
What is the greater determinent of injury - speed or weight?
What is the technique that might be used to detect a hemo or pneumo thorax?
What is perfusion?
delivery of O2 & nutrients and removal of waste from destination organs
How much blood could be lost from a pelvic injury?
1500 (up to 2L)
Define a flail segment?
3 or more adjacent ribs brocken in 2 or more places
the bodies natural tendency to keep internal enviroment & metabolism steady & normal
What type of muscles are found in the intestines?
the strength/force of the heart contraction
the rate of heart beats
Two factors that effect stroke volume?
preload, afterload & contract force
the study of drugs & their actions on the body
Is Benedryl a generic name or a brand name?
Benedryl is a brand name. The drug name is diphenhydramine.
What is a side effect of Nitro?
headache, lowers BP
Couple of routes for a drug admin?
IM, IV, nasal, inhalation