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2011-08-03 17:30:18

Chapter 1
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  1. what's the role of phlebotomy?
    process of drawing blood is the most common job
  2. Departments
    • Microbiology
    • coagulation
    • immunohematology
    • specimen processing
    • waved testing
    • urinalysis
    • toxicology
    • cytology
    • special chemistry
    • phlebotomy
    • hematology
    • chemistry
  3. a pathologist is...
    a medical doctor
  4. a medical technician has...
    a 4 year degree in medical science (BA)
  5. medical and clinical laboratory technician
    2 year associates position
  6. phlebotomist
  7. laboratory assistent
  8. a registar is a
  9. how do you control infection in the lab
    • hand washing
    • remove jewelry
  10. why might someone have to be in isolation?
    what are the isolation procedures?
    • enteric gastroinentestinal, salmonella, shegeilla, Hep E or A
    • gown, gloves
  11. strict or complete isolation...
    (name disease/s & PPE)
    • bacteria pneumonia, small pox, chicken pox, diphtheria
    • gown, mask, gloves
  12. respiratory or droplet isolation
    (possible disease/s & PPE)
    • hemophilia influenza
    • meningcoccal meningitis
    • tb
    • measles
    • mumps
    • rubella

  13. contact isolation
    (possible disease/s & PPE)
    • influenza, & MRSA
    • gloves, mask gown for close contact
  14. Protective or reverse isolation
    (possible disease/s & PPE)
    non infectious patient who is immunosuppressed

    gown, gloves, mask
  15. wound or skin isolation
    • open wound, skin infection
    • gown, gloves
  16. OSHA stands for:
    year it was established
    what do they do
    • occupational safety and health administration
    • established 1970

    charged w/safety of workers, inspect and fine violators, and gave us blood born pathogen standards.
  17. what are the blood born pathogen standards
    • all labs must follow OSHA guidelines for infectious material.
    • employers required to protect workers
    • exposure control plan must be written plan in all labs, training tracked, and exposure incidents recorded.
  18. CDC stands for
    date established
    what is their purpose
    • Center for disease control
    • established in 1964 (atlanta GA)
    • Issued Universal Precautions: promote hand washing, use of PPE, and everyone in health care treats blood and body fluids as infectious.
  19. PPE
    personal protective equipment
  20. HIV
    human immunodeficiency virus causes immune failure
  21. Hep B
    liver affected causes jaundice and fatigue
  22. Hep C
    can lay dormant. Affects the liver, and is the most commonly acquired in healthcare causes fatigue and jaundice
  23. OPIM stands for
    other potentially infectious materials
  24. Lab safety (behavior and dress code)
    • -no eating or drinking
    • -food isn't to be stored in technical fridge
    • -application of cosmetics is forbidden
    • -lab coats are worn in the lab and left in the lab
    • -shoes cover the entire foot, fitted, w/non-slip souls
    • -hair longer than shoulder length should be pulled back
    • -wash hands often
  25. when should one wash their hands in a lab
    • -before leaving the lab
    • after handling specimens
    • after handling reagents or chemicals
    • before eating
    • after smoking
  26. General safety guidelines include...
    • -mouth piping is prohibited
    • -keep exits and isles clear
    • -keep a clean neat work area
    • -keep approved disinfectant in every area where specimens are handled
    • -clear all counters in specimen area daily
    • -don't use chipped or broken glassware.
    • Don't operate centrifuge improperly. (follow instructions)